Mordovian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic
The Mordovian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (short Mordovian ASSR , Mordovia , Russian Мордовская Автономная Советская Социалистическая Республика (АССР) / Mordowskaja ASSR , therefore German also Mordowische ASSR , Mordovia ) was an Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic within the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR) of the Soviet Union from 1934 until 1991.
The titular nation was the Mordvins , a Finno-Ugric people with the two main groups Ersja and Mokscha , which are also considered separate ethnic groups, but were always officially counted as one ethnic group in the Soviet period.
The 26,200 km² Mordovian ASSR was about halfway between Moscow and the Volga , southwest of the "Volga knee" where the Volga near the mouth of the Kama turns from its eastern flow direction to the south.
The north-western part of the republic was occupied by the Oka-Don plain , while the south-east lay in the area of the Volga plate (height up to ). The area was traversed by the Moksha and Sura and their tributaries.
The capital was Saransk .
The population of Mordovia in 1989 was 964,132 (corresponding to 37 inhabitants per km²). Since the establishment of the republic, the number of inhabitants has mostly decreased, until today (2009) to 833,031.
- Population development
Note : census data (1926 and 1939 rounded; 1926 for the territory of the later republic)
The Mordovian ASSR was founded on December 20, 1934. A Mordovian district ( Okrug ) had previously existed in the same area since July 16, 1928 , which was converted into the Mordovian Autonomous Region (Autonomous Oblast ) on January 10, 1930 and belonged to the Middle Volga region (Srednewolschki krai) .
During the period of the collapse of the Soviet Union , Mordovia, like the other Autonomous Republics, declared itself a Soviet Socialist Republic (Mordovian SSR) in 1991 . Since 1993 it has been a federal subject of Russia as the Republic of Mordovia .
- Article Mordovian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (BSE) , 3rd edition 1969–1978 (Russian)http: //vorlage_gse.test/1%3D078121~2a%3D~2b%3DMordwinische%20Autonome%20Sozialistische%20Sovjet Republik