Nikolai Andreevich Bunge

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Nikolai Christian Konstantin Andrejewitsch Bunge , even Nikolai Christian Konstantin Henrichowitsch Bunge ( Russian Николай Андреевич Бунге ), (born December 3 . Jul / 15. December  1842 greg. In Warsaw , † 31 December 1914 jul. / 13. January  1915 greg. in Kiev ) was a Russian chemist and university professor .


Bunge came from the scholarly and noble family Bunge and was the great-grandson of the East Prussian pharmacist Georg Friedrich Bunge . Bunge's grandfather Christian-Georg Bunge was one of the first pediatricians in Kiev. Bunge's father Andreas Henrich Grigori Konstantin Christianowitsch Bunge (1811–1885) had attended grammar school in Dorpat and had become a civil engineer . He was involved in the construction of Ivangorod Fortress and Warsaw Fortress . He left the service early due to illness and settled on his property Opalin near Warsaw . He married his niece Alexandra Helene Iwanowna Tetzner (1817-1856), daughter of the pharmacist Iwan Bogdanowitsch Tetzner and his wife Elisabeth Georgijewna Bunge, daughter Andreas Georg Bunges. Bunge's older sister Melanie married Major General Karl von Trompeter.

Bunge entered a school boarding school in Warsaw at the age of 12. In 1856 he was sent to his grandfather Christian-Georg in Kiev, who however died shortly afterwards. Bunge was taken in by his uncle Nikolai Christianowitsch Bunge , who was a professor at Kiev University . From 1857 Bunge attended the 1st grammar school in Kiev, which he graduated with a silver medal in 1861. He then studied at the University of Kiev in the physical - mathematical faculty with graduation in 1865. In 1868 he defended his master's dissertation on nitroso compounds . He received a two-year scholarship abroad , half of which he spent in Germany .

From 1870 Bunge taught technical chemistry at the University of Kiev. His research concerned both pure chemistry and technical chemistry. For example, he investigated problems in winemaking and beet sugar production , where he explained the processes involved in the electrolysis of organic acids . The result of his work was the two-volume chemical technology . 1872–1882 he published a bibliography of the Russian literature on pure and applied chemistry in 10 volumes and a bibliography of the Russian and foreign literature on chemical technology.

From 1872 Bunge was vice chairman of the Kiev Society of Natural Scientists . From 1873 to 1905 he was chairman of the Kiev department of the Imperial Russian Technical Society. He helped organize gas , water and electricity supplies to the city of Kiev and build the city's sewer system . With others he initiated the Kiev Polytechnic Institute, founded in 1898 .

Since 1873 Bunge was married to Yevgenia Schipowskaja, daughter of the governor-general PA Schipowski of the governorates of Kiev , Volhynia and Podolia . Her daughter Katharina (1874–1933) became a Russian-speaking poet and translator. She published in Kijewskaja Mysl , Westnik Jewropy and Mir Boschi . She translated works by Franz von Assisi into Russian. She died in Berlin and was buried in the Russian cemetery in Berlin-Tegel . Bunges son Nikolai (1885-1921) became a chemist and taught after the October Revolution from 1918 at the Tauride branch of the University of Kiev in Simferopol .


Individual evidence

  1. a b c d Малій, Ольга: Родовід Бунге . In: Спеціальні історичні дисципліни: питання теорії та методики: збірник наукових праць . No. 15 , 2007, p. 74–97 ( [PDF; accessed June 30, 2018]).
  2. a b c Михаил Юльевич Гольдштейн: Бунге (Николай Андреевич) . In: Brockhaus-Efron . IVa, 1891, p. 927 ( Wikisource [accessed June 30, 2018]).
  3. В. О. Ковтуненко: БУ́НГЕ Микола Андрійович (accessed June 30, 2018).
  4. Great Soviet Encyclopedia : Бунге Николай Андреевич.
  5. Погост Тегель: Екатерина Николаевна фон Бунге (accessed June 30, 2018).