community SinntalCoordinates: 50 ° 20 ′ 0 ″ N , 9 ° 42 ′ 41 ″ E
|Height :||343 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||19.62 km²|
|Residents :||982 (December 31, 2016)|
|Population density :||50 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation :||July 1, 1974|
|Postal code :||36391|
|Area code :||06664|
Oberzell (aerial photography)
Oberzell is a district of the Sinntal community in the Main-Kinzig district in eastern Hesse .
Oberzell is located in the valley of the Schmalen Sinn in the Rhön . The 585 meter high Haag rises south of the village , the highest point in the Main-Kinzig district. The historic center of Oberzell grew as a parish village around the centrally located church, there is also a second settlement center around a former brickworks on the road to Fulda.
Oberzell borders on Heubach in the north, Gundhelm in the northwest , Weichersbach in the west and Züntersbach in the south . In the east lies the state border with Bavaria and the local town of Speicherz .
Oberzell was first mentioned in 1167 as a cella owned by the Schlüchtern monastery . In 1357 it was called Oberncel . In 1331 the abbot von Schlüchtern owned a tithe from the parish of Oberzell. The place for the Altengronau court , which came to the Hanau rulership in 1333 as an imperial loan from an inheritance from the Rieneck family. The Schwarzenfels Office of the County of Hanau emerged from the court in the 15th century ; from 1459: County of Hanau-Münzenberg .
In 1643 the Schwarzenfels office - and thus also Oberzell - was handed over to the Landgraviate of Hessen-Kassel as a pledge, along with other securities . It was supposed to vouch for Hanau's debts that arose in connection with the liberation of the city of Hanau from the siege by imperial troops in 1636 against Hessen-Kassel. The Counts of Hanau were no longer able to redeem this pledge from Hessen-Kassel. In the following period the office was administered like landgrave property, even after Hessen-Kassel in 1736, after the death of the last Hanau count, Johann Reinhard III. , inherited the entire county of Hanau-Munzenberg.
In the Electorate of Hesse , Oberzell belonged to the district of Schlüchtern after the administrative reform of 1821 . In 1866 Oberzell was part of the Prussian province of Hesse-Nassau .
33 residents were killed in the First World War.
When the National Socialists came to power in 1937, a camp for the Reich Labor Service was set up in the Ziegelhütte district . After the Second World War, Oberzell had 43 casualties. In addition, 21 people were missing. In April 1945 the village was liberated by Allied troops and became part of the US occupation zone .
In September 1945 Oberzell became part of the newly founded state of Greater Hesse . The previously independent municipality came in the course of the regional reform in Hesse on July 1, 1974 by virtue of state law as a district to the municipality of Sinntal formed in 1972 and the newly formed Main-Kinzig district. For Oberzell, as for the other districts, a local district with a local advisory board and local councilor was formed.
Mayor of the municipality
|Term of office||Surname|
Occupied population figures are:
|• 1549:||31 households|
|• 1587:||30 shooters, 20 philistines|
|• 1812:||102 fire places, 837 souls|
|Oberzell: Population from 1812 to 2017|
|Data source: Historical municipality register for Hesse: The population of the municipalities from 1834 to 1967. Wiesbaden: Hessisches Statistisches Landesamt, 1968. |
Further sources:; after 1970: Sinntal community
Source: Historical local dictionary
|• 1885:||889 Protestant (= 96.32%), 6 Catholic (= 0.65%), 28 Jewish (= 3.03%) residents|
|• 1961:||921 Protestant (= 94.75%), 30 Catholic (= 3.09%) residents|
The Alfred Kühnert School , named after the local researcher Alfred Kühnert, is the town's primary school. In this dwarf school , 18 elementary school students are taught in two classes (1st / 2nd and 3rd / 4th grade).
- Willi Klein: On the history of milling in the Main-Kinzig district = Hanauer Geschichtsblätter 40. Hanau 2003, p. 419.
- Matthias Nistahl: Studies on the history of the Schlüchtern monastery in the Middle Ages . Diss. Darmstadt a. Marburg, 1986, pp. 94, 165, 181.
- Heinrich Reimer: Historical local dictionary for Kurhessen . Publications of the Historical Commission for Hesse 14, 1926, p. 534.
- Literature about Oberzell in the Hessian Bibliography
- Oberzell district. In: Internet presence. Sinntal community
- Oberzell, Main-Kinzig district. Historical local dictionary for Hessen. In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
- Oberzell. Local history, information. In: sinntal-oberzell.de. Private website
- ↑ a b Inhabitants, dates and directions. In: Internet presence. Sinntal community, archived from the original ; accessed in June 2018 . (Data from web archive).
- ↑ Law on the reorganization of the districts of Gelnhausen, Hanau and Schlüchtern and the city of Hanau as well as the recirculation of the cities of Fulda, Hanau and Marburg (Lahn) concerning questions (GVBl. 330-26) of March 12, 1974 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): Law and Ordinance Gazette for the State of Hesse . 1974 No. 9 , p. 149 , § 15 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 3.0 MB ]).
- ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 376 .
- ↑ main statute. (PDF; 529 kB) §; 5. In: Website. Sinntal community, accessed February 2019 .
- ↑ a b c Oberzell, Main-Kinzig district. Historical local dictionary for Hessen. (As of May 25, 2018). In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
- ↑ Budget statute for the 2019 budget (PDF; 2.8 MB) Statistical information. Sinntal community, p. 41 , archived from the original ; accessed in January 2019 .
- ^ Ceremony for the 100th birthday of the school director and local history researcher Alfred Kühnert