City of Wasungen
|Height :||454 m|
|Area :||12.26 km²|
|Residents :||461 (December 31, 2017)|
|Population density :||38 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation :||1st January 2019|
|Postal code :||98634|
|Area code :||036940|
The neighboring communities were most recently the communities of Unterkatz and Oberkatz in the south, Wahns in the east, Schwallungen in the northeast , Friedelshausen in the north and the town of Kaltennordheim behind the Hahnberg in the west .
The place was first mentioned in 1183. He was influenced significantly from 1330 to 1731 by the noble family of bison and from 1595 to 1711 by the family of Herda. The two competing sexes had two castles and four manors in the village. After Herda died out in 1711, the Auerochs acquired their property, and after the Auerochs died out only 20 years later with the death of Georg Friedrich von Auerochs in 1731, the entire property fell to the sovereign, Duke Karl Friedrich von Sachsen-Meiningen , and became one Domain. Today the manor house is an artist's house. The place was originally part centering Friedelshausen that around 1350 in the hen bergischen Office sandy opened. From 1825 to 1827 the administration of the Saxon-Meiningischen Amt Sand was in place.
Oepfershausen was affected by the persecution of witches from 1598 to 1633 : 22 women and four men got into witch trials , 14 people were executed, and one woman was sentenced to expulsion from the country. The first victim in 1610 was Margaretha Heide.
From 1991 the community belonged to the administrative community Amt-Sand with seat in Oepfershausen, 1995 the merger with the administrative community Wasungen and Walldorf took place.
On January 1, 2019, the municipality of Oepfershausen was incorporated into the town of Wasungen, which belongs to the administrative community Wasungen-Amt Sand .
Development of the population (December 31) :
- Data source: Thuringian State Office for Statistics
The local council from Oepfershausen last consisted of 8 members of the Oepfershausen voter group . (Status: 2014 local elections)
The honorary mayor is Mario Wilk.
Culture and sights
- The Protestant parish church was built on the previous building from the 15th century in 1718. On the southeast side there is a bearded male head called the Christ head instead of the usual name of the master builder's head . In addition, there is a splendid portrait from 1731 of its builder and sponsor Georg Friedrich von Auerochs in the church.
- In the village there is an art station, as well as noteworthy half-timbered houses such as house no. 72, on which there is a coat of arms of the Auerochs castle, which was demolished around 1800.
- The spacious closed complex of the Black Castle , which served as the farmyard of the Auerochs Castle , dates from 1708, was acquired by the municipality in the middle of the 20th century, expanded to become the economic center of the village and restored in 1993.
- The Amönenhöhe homestead, located two kilometers southwest of the village , was built in 1856 for Pastor Köhler von Oepfershausen as a retirement home and named after his wife Amönen . In 1936, the Berggasthof Amönenhof was built opposite - since then it has been a popular meeting place for hikers in the Rhön. Today's landlord has a considerable collection of old clockworks that can be viewed in every corner of the property. The inn is therefore also known as the "Turmuhrenklause".
- On the southern slope of the Hahnberg there is the 604 meter high mountain ridge Krücke and the Amönenhof with two excursion restaurants, including the tower clock cave with historical tower clock and striking mechanisms.
- Johann Wilhelm Hoßfeld (born August 19, 1768 in Oepfershausen, † on May 23, 1837 in Dreiässigacker ), forest mathematician
- Thomas Bienert: Medieval castles in Thuringia. 430 castles, castle ruins and fortifications. Wartberg Verlag, Gudensberg-Gleichen 2000, ISBN 3-86134-631-1 , p. 261.
- Kai Lehmann : Innocent. Witch hunt south of the Thuringian Forest. Over 500 researched cases from the 16th and 17th centuries. Wehry-Verlag, Untermaßfeld 2012, ISBN 978-3-9813902-8-5 , pp. 283 f .; Kai Lehmann: Exhibition "Luther and the Witches". Oepfershausen area, Library Museum Schloss Wilhelmsburg, Schmalkalden, 2012; Ronald Füssel: The persecution of witches in the Thuringian area (= publications of the working group for historical witchcraft and crime research in Northern Germany. Vol. 2). DOBU-Verlag, Hamburg 2003, ISBN 3-934632-03-3 , pp. 236 and 240-244, (also: Marburg, Universität, Dissertation, 2000).
- Katja Schramm: The clocks tick differently here - it was a woman who gave the Amönenhof its name ... In: Südthüringer Zeitung (editorial office Bad Salzungen). April 27, 2013, accessed April 27, 2013 .
- Richard Heß: Hoßfeld, Johann Wilhelm . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 13, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1881, pp. 188-190.
- Ernst Julius Walch: Historical, statistical, geographical and topographical description of the royal and ducal Saxon houses and lands in general and the Saxon-Coburg-Meiningian house and its lands in particular. Schneider and Weigel, Nuremberg 1811, p. 185 .
- Oepfershausen. In: Paul Lehfeldt , Georg Voss: The architectural and art monuments of Thuringia. Issue 36: Duchy of Saxony-Meiningen. Meiningen district. Wasungen district court. Gustav Fischer, Jena 1910, pp. 229–232.
- Günther Wölfing: Öpfershausen as a feudal village. From the beginning of local development to the middle of the 19th century. In: Contributions to the history of feudalism and the Reformation in southern Thuringia. Agricultural History Museum of the Suhl District, Veßra Monastery 1983, pp. 40–84.
- Walter Höhn: Thuringian Rhön. Cities, villages and landscapes between Werra and Ellenbogen. Michael Imhof, Petersberg 2005, ISBN 3-86568-060-7 , p. 111.