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Coat of arms of Pretzien
Coordinates: 52 ° 2 ′ 47 "  N , 11 ° 49 ′ 38"  E
Height : 53 m above sea level NN
Area : 5.83 km²
Residents : 942  (Dec. 31, 2007)
Population density : 162 inhabitants / km²
Incorporation : January 1, 2009
Postal code : 39217
Area code : 039200

Pretzien is a district of Schönebeck (Elbe) in the Salzlandkreis in Saxony-Anhalt , seven kilometers from the city center and on the eastern side of the Elbe .


It is believed that Pretzien was founded by Slavs between 650 and 900 . The St. Thomas Church was built around 1140. From the year 1147 a mention as brithzin , from brezina (altsorb. = Birch) - place on the birches, is documented. Quartzite has been mined in the municipality since the 12th century . At the end of the Thirty Years' War in 1648, six people still lived in the village.

In 1650 and 1656 there were witch trials against two women, the outcome of which has not been recorded.

The Pretziener weir was built from 1871 to 1875. The Orpheus men's choir was founded in 1886 . Pretzien was connected to the railway network in 1890 by the railway line to Gommern . In 1901 the Pretzien volunteer fire brigade was founded.

In 1963 the quartzite mining was stopped. The St. Thomas Church was restored in 1973. In 1976 sand mining also came to an end. In 1992, Pretzien founded the Schönebeck administrative association together with Plötzky and Ranies .

On June 24, 2006, at a village festival, the Solstice Celebration Pretzien 2006 , a US flag and Anne Frank's diary were burned publicly and directly related to the book burnings during the Nazi regime. The act caused outrage around the world and led to five of those involved being sentenced to suspended sentences.

On January 1, 2009 Pretzien was incorporated into the city of Schönebeck.



The last mayor of the municipality of Pretzien was Friedrich Harwig.

coat of arms

Blazon : "In blue above a raised green shield base divided by a silver corrugated bar, a silver anchor with rope, covered with a hammer and mallet, which are entwined by the rope, and below a silver plow."

The colors of the parish are silver (white) - blue.


The flag has blue and white stripes (lengthways: stripes running vertically, ratio: 1: 3.71: 1; landscape format: stripes running horizontally, ratio: 1: 5.14: 1) with the municipality's coat of arms placed in the middle.

Culture and sights

St. Thomas village church

St. Thomas

The village church of St. Thomas was built around 1140 by Leitzkauer Premonstratensian choir lords as a single-nave Romanesque hall with a transverse west tower. In 1151, Margrave Albrecht the Bear gave the place and church Pretzien to the monastery of Our Dear Women in Magdeburg . The church was later fitted out in a classical style, the west tower was renewed in 1769, and a half-timbered tower with a baroque dome was added in 1796. The quarry stone building became famous for the Byzantine-influenced wall paintings that were only rediscovered at the beginning of the 1970s by the restorer Anna-Maria Meussling , which were created after 1220 and painted over around 1300. From 1973 to 1977, the paintings by Anna-Maria Meussling and restorers from the Institute for the Preservation of Monuments in Halle were restored and made accessible to the public again. Concerts by international artists are only given here in the summer months, especially during the Pretzien Music Summer, which has been taking place since 1974.

In 1992 the church received a Hüfken organ, the planning of which was made by Matthias Eisenberg . The organ was completed in 2008 with the installation of the Zimbelstern , which was already provided during registration . In 2001 the church received two new bells.

The church has been one of the sights on the Romanesque Road since 1993 .

Pretziener Weir

The Pretziener weir was built between 1871 and 1875. It is one of the largest rifle boards in Europe. The weir is 134 m long and stands on a 163 m long, 7.5 m wide and 3.5 m high foundation. It has 10 brick supporting pillars and nine yoke openings in between, each with 36 protective panels made of heavy iron plates. Today, during floods, the panels are pulled up with the help of electric motors using cable winches, which used to be done by hand. The weir is opened at a water level of 5.92 m at the measuring point Barby / Elbe.

More Attractions

  • two-lane railway bridge of the narrow-gauge railway over the old Elbe (built in 1890), usable as a pedestrian bridge since 2001.
  • Building of the former Pretzien power station
  • Steinhafen, where stones were loaded onto barges until 1963
  • Dornburger Siel , which serves to drain the Dornburger meadows, which absorb approx. 8 million m³ of water from the Elbe during floods

Regular events

  • Pretziener Musiksommer: concerts are held regularly from May to August in the St. Thomas Church
  • Village festival
  • Open Monument Day: on the 2nd Sunday in September, visit to St. Thomas Church and the Pretziener Wehr possible


  • The hidden Christ of Pretzien. About finding, uncovering, preserving and proclaiming. Anna-Maria Meussling and Rüdiger Meussling tell of the salvation of St. Thomas Church . Self-published, Schönebeck (Elbe) 2010. ISBN 978-3-00-032009-5

Individual evidence

  1. Manfred Wilde : The sorcery and witch trials in Saxony . Cologne, Weimar, Vienna 2003, p. 504
  2. StBA: Area changes on 01/01/2009

Web links

Commons : Pretzien  - collection of images, videos and audio files