Reichsgau Upper Danube

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Ostmark 1941: Reichsgaue, rural and urban districts

The Reichsgau Oberdonau was one of seven imperial districts of the German Reich in Austria annexed in 1938 and consisted of parts of Upper Austria , parts of the Salzkammergut with the Ausseer Land and south-western parts of Bohemia , which had been ceded by Czechoslovakia after the Munich Agreement in 1938 . The Reichsgau Oberdonau existed according to the Ostmarkgesetz from 1939 to 1945. From 1939 to 1942 the seven Reichsgaue in the former Austria were designated as Ostmark , from 1942 as Alpen- and Donau-Reichsgaue in order to remove any reference to the former Austria .


Already in August 1926 a Gau Upper Austria of the NSDAP was established under Alfred Proksch , which was headed by Andreas Bolek from 1927 and after the party ban in 1933 in the illegal phase by August Eigruber (from 1936).

In the Reichsgau Oberdonau, Eigruber functioned throughout the entire period as Gauleiter and initially as governor and from 1940 as Reich governor . His deputy as Gauleiter was Hans Eisenkolb from 1938 and Christian Opdenhoff from May 1, 1940 . The district capital was Linz , which, as Hitler's retirement home , was to be expanded into the “ Führerstadt ”. The Mauthausen concentration camp with several satellite camps, the Hartheim killing facility near Linz and the Altaussee salt mine as a salvage site for Nazi-looted art had been in the Gau area since 1938 .

Administrative units

The administrative units of the Gau were:

City districts

  1. City district of Linz
  2. City district of Steyr


  1. District Braunau am Inn
  2. District of Freistadt
  3. District of Gmunden
  4. Grieskirchen district
  5. County Kaplitz
  6. District of Kirchdorf an der Krems
  7. District of Krummau
  8. Linz district
  9. District of Perg
  10. District Ried im Innkreis
  11. Rohrbach district
  12. District of Schärding
  13. District of Steyr
  14. District of Vöcklabruck
  15. District of Wels

Public officials

The following people belonged to the Gauleitung

  • Gauleiter: August Eigruber
  • Deputy Gauleiter: Hans Eisenkolb
  • Organization office: Franz Fehrer
  • Personnel office: Theo Mittermair
  • Regional training office: Dr. Franz Mayrhofer
  • Gaufpresseamt ​​Dr. Anton Fellner
  • Gauschatzamt: Franz Obermayer
  • Office for Public Health and National Socialist Medical Association: Dr. Hanns Baumgartner
  • Office for Agricultural Policy and Reich Nutrition: Anton Reintaller
  • Office for Education and National Socialist Teachers' Association: City School Inspector Friedrich Kienzl
  • Legal office and legal guardian association: Dr. Josef Plakolm
  • Office for civil servants and the Reich Association of Civil Servants: Dr. Heinrich Zechmann
  • Office for Technology: Ing.August Schmöller
  • Office for local politics and the German Community Congress: Franz Danzer
  • National Socialist Women: Ms. Schicho
  • Public Welfare Office: Franz Langoth
  • Office for war victims: Jakob Hochmayr
  • DAF chairman: Franz Stadlbauer
  • District inspector: Stephan Schachermayr
  • Gau judge: Gau judge Dr. Erich Tanzer
  • District economic advisor: Oskar Hinterleitner
  • Race Policy Officer: Dr. Hugo Brenner


  • The Diocese of Linz in the Third Reich . Ed. V. Rudolf Zinnhobler (Linz Philosophical-Theological Series 11), Linz 1979
  • Reichsgau Oberdonau - Aspects 1 (Upper Austria in the time of National Socialism 2, ed. V. Upper Austrian State Archives), Linz 2004
  • Reichsgau Oberdonau - Aspects 2 (Upper Austria in the time of National Socialism 4, ed. V. Upper Austrian State Archives), Linz 2005
  • Hartheim Killing Center (Upper Austria during the National Socialist era 3, published by Upper Austrian Provincial Archives), Linz 2005

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Territory of the Upper Danube Gau
  2. ^ Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. Reichsgau Oberdonau. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
  3. Gauorganisationsamt of the NSDAP and authority of the Reichsstatthalters in Vienna (ed.): Ostmark Jahrbuch 1941 . Carl Ueberreuter Verlag, Vienna 1941.

Web links

Coordinates: 48 ° 10 '  N , 14 ° 0'  E