Rhine Museum Koblenz
The Rhein-Museum Koblenz is a cultural-historical museum in Koblenz that shows life on the Rhine from different aspects. The museum, founded in 1912, focuses on shipping , ecology , hydrology , Rhine romance , tourism , economy and history.
On July 20, 1912, the “Rhein-Museum e. V. “on the initiative of the then regional court director Dr. Wilhelm Spies founded in Koblenz. Baron Georg von Rheinbaben chaired the founding meeting . The aim of the association was to build a museum to document the cultural landscape of the Rhine. This concern was supported by all states bordering the Rhine. The first museum building was set up in the former girls' school of the parish St. Kastor in the Koblenzer Rheinanlagen (Rheinzollstraße) not far from the Kastorkirche . In 1919 the museum had 10,000 visitors.
In 1944 the museum was destroyed by bombs . It stood in ruins until the 1980s and was then rebuilt. Today there is a restaurant on the ground floor. The inscription Rheinmuseum on the front has been preserved.
Since it reopened in 1992/93, the current Rhein-Museum Koblenz has been located in the old elementary school in Charlottenstraße in Koblenz's Ehrenbreitstein district , right at the foot of the fortress of the same name .
In addition to the development of navigation on the Rhine , the museum also shows objects from the time of the Neanderthals to the 20th century on 1300 m² . Each room is dedicated to a specific topic:
- Hydrology : On display are measuring devices for determining flow and quality.
- Early people on the Rhine : There the visitor can embark on a three million year journey through Europe, Asia and Africa.
- Life on the Rhine : In addition to models of old river ferries , ship mills , pedal cranes and rafts , paintings with motifs from Koblenz by Konrad Zick are on display.
- Fish and fishing : Information on fishing and fishing in the Rhine area.
- Knights, castles and ruins : numerous models of Rhine castles and paintings.
- Waterway Rhine : Gottfried Tulla and Nobiling explainthe expansion of the Rhineand show numerous navigation signs , including the last wooden pilot's hat .
- Shipping on the Rhine : In two rooms, a permanent exhibition shows the development of shipping with many different models of ships and large objects such as steam engines , winches , diesel engines and nautical equipment such as radar systems , radio equipment and a complete steering position of a barge.
- Ship find : On the ground floor you can see a ship find from the 17th century, which was made in Ehrenbreitstein.
An extensive library is available to visitors. The booklets contributions to the Rhine customer since 1926 are published in loose order .
The Rhine Museum is housed in the old school in Koblenz-Ehrenbreitstein. It was built at the instigation of Empress Augusta from 1887–1890 on the riding arena of the coin barracks housed in the neighboring stables . A quay wall of the former Ehrenbreitstein harbor can still be seen behind the museum . The old school is a three-storey brick building with seven axes over a high base. In the middle of the building, on the front as well as on the back, a flat central projection with a gable is highlighted, behind which the stairwell is hidden. The building with arched windows is different in color due to the materials used. Greywacke on the base, the walls made of yellow brick, structured by strips of red brick. The entrance corridors are flat arched , there were a total of eight classrooms on the two main floors, the top floor originally housed three teacher's apartments. After the Rhine Museum moved in in 1994, an extension was built in 2000.
The building of the Rhine Museum is a protected cultural monument according to the Monument Protection Act (DSchG) and entered in the list of monuments of the state of Rhineland-Palatinate . It is located in Koblenz-Ehrenbreitstein at Charlottenstrasse 53 a .
The Rhine Museum building has been part of the Upper Middle Rhine Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2002 .
- Contributions to the Rhine customer , annual publication since 1926, publisher: Rhein-Museum Koblenz
- Wilhelm Spies: Rheinkunde, Coblenz 1917 , in: Annual Report 1935
- Hubert Winter: Forty years of contributions to the Rhine customer , in: Rheinkunde, Heft 18, Koblenz 1966
- Rainer Doetsch: 90 Years of the Rhine Museum , Koblenz 2002
- Konstantin Eberle: Idea, development and history of the Rhein-Museum , unpublished technical work at Wilhelm-Gymnasium, Bendorf 2006
- Rainer Doetsch: 100 Years of the Rhine Museum - Museum of Memories , Koblenz 2012, ISBN 978-3-86972-016-6
- Ulrike Weber (edit.): City of Koblenz. City districts (= monument topography Federal Republic of Germany . Cultural monuments in Rhineland-Palatinate. Vol. 3, 3). Werner, Worms 2013, ISBN 978-3-88462-345-9 .
- General Directorate for Cultural Heritage Rhineland-Palatinate (ed.): Informational directory of cultural monuments - district-free city of Koblenz (PDF; 1.5 MB), Koblenz 2013