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Riederhöfe: ruins of the gate building of the fortifications, 2006
Riederhof 1880

The two Riederhöfe together formed one of the fortified farmsteads in Frankfurt am Main . Today only the late Gothic gate (1492) of the Großer Riederhof near the Ratswegkreisel on Hanauer Landstrasse remains of the Riederhof .


A so-called villa rustica is believed to have existed in the area around the Riederhöfe as early as Roman times . The first mention of a court in Riedern curtis in Riederin dates from the year 1193. The construction of the court complex was likely to fall in the same period, as the chapel located here, which was demolished in 1795 and only handed down to posterity in one image, was extremely similar to the preserved chapel of the Saalhof , which could be dendrochronologically dated to 1208. The layout and dimensions of the buildings largely coincided with the Romanesque parts of the Hohenstaufen Castle on the banks of the Main .

The courtyards were initially the royal property of their Staufer builders, then owned by monasteries. In the 13th century the goods in front of the Riederwald and the Riederhöfe came into the possession of Frankfurt patricians . The Riederhöfe were expanded into fortifications for the Frankfurter Landwehr . On the Riederhof was a wait , which oversaw the Hanauer Landstrasse and the neighboring Hanauer area.

The acquisition of the Riederhöfe by the Hospital zum Heiligen Geist between 1486 and 1492 can also be viewed as a purchase in the interests of the city. Of the five control rooms that surrounded the city at the end of the Middle Ages , the Rieder Warte behind the large Rieder Hofe on Hanauer Landstrasse was the least significant because it had no tower ; it was canceled in the last years of the 18th century.

The first Röderberg tower built of wood from 1871 with a view over the Riederhöfer Feld, where the Ostpark is located today , to Offenbach

The Romanesque mansion of the Großer Riederhof was the oldest attested and still preserved secular building in Frankfurt in the early 20th century . At the instigation of the city's preservation authorities under Emil Padjera , the planned street layout of Hanauer Landstrasse was changed shortly after 1900 in order to prevent its demolition, which at that time seemed exemplary and far-sighted. The rescheduling can still be recognized today by the slight bend to the north, which describes the Hanauer Landstrasse beyond Intzestrasse to the north.

The house burned down in the air raids in 1944 ; the ruin , which could be rebuilt , was demolished after the Second World War to make way for a warehouse. Today only the Gothic gate building on the company premises Hanauer Landstraße 258-260 on the eastern side of the warehouse and the street names An den Riederhöfen in Ostend and Riederspießstraße in the Riederwald district remind of the courtyard. The eastern expansion of the Landwehr once ended here.


  • August von Cohausen: Contributions to the history of the fortification of Frankfurt in the Middle Ages , in: Archive for Frankfurt's History and Art, Vol. 12, self-published by the Association for History and Antiquity, Frankfurt am Main, 1869
  • Rudolf Jung, Julius Hülsen: The architectural monuments of Frankfurt am Main - Volume 3, private buildings . Self-published / Keller, Frankfurt am Main, 1914
  • Eduard Pelissier : The Landwehr of the Imperial City of Frankfurt am Main. Topographical-historical investigation. Völcker, Frankfurt am Main, 1905
  • Siegfried Nassauer: Castles and fortified manors around Frankfurt a. M. Frankfurt am Main, 1919

References and comments

  1. ^ Otto Stamm: The royal Saalhof in Frankfurt am Main . Reprint from the writings of the Historisches Museum Frankfurt am Main XII, Verlag Waldemar Kramer, Frankfurt am Main 1966, p. 45.

Web links

Commons : Riederhöfe  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Coordinates: 50 ° 7 '2.4 "  N , 8 ° 43" 49.5 "  E