|Height :||71 m above sea level NN|
|Area :||7.75 km²|
|Residents :||368 (Dec. 31, 2015)|
|Population density :||47 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation :||April 1, 2001|
|Postal code :||39171|
|Area code :||039205|
The village is characterized by its location in the Sülze valley . Unusually for the Magdeburg Börde that surrounds the place , the brawn cuts deeply into the landscape. The streets of the village rise steeply from the Sülze, almost like in a mountain village, especially to the south.
The place and the surrounding area are remarkable, because Sülldorf has a nature reserve unique in Europe with a large variety of salt plants . In the area of the village, salty springs come to light, which transform the freshwater jellies leading up to this point into a salty stream. The Lower Nature Conservation Authority of Wanzleben determined in 1991 that “Germany's largest inland salt station complex is located near Sülldorf and is of the highest protection value”. The Sülzetal nature reserve surrounding the site serves to protect the salt flora. A two-kilometer-long nature trail leads through the nature reserve, which leads to the salt marshes to a historic and now abandoned salt spring .
The place Sülldorf was first mentioned in 937. The name Soltdorp at the time, also Suldorp, suggests the existing salt springs . In 1299 the first salt cooperative was granted the right to extract salt. In 1363 a brotherhood of the Kothknechte was mentioned. At times there were 10 boiling houses. In 1726 Friedrich Wilhelm I bought the town's right to extract salt, which was also the end of salt extraction in Sülldorf. Due to this end, the brine was used for spa purposes, the first brine bath opened in 1820, two more followed. The "Annabad" on the vineyard, built in 1909 and opened by Wilhelm Ebering, was finally closed in 1976.
The vineyard on the left side of the brawn actually served for viticulture at times. A park was later laid out on top, but has since had to give way to residential development. The memorial to the von Angern family, who lived here in the past, is located in the park above the Sülze . In 1884 the main estate was inherited by Joachim von Alvensleben (1856–1932), a younger son from Schloss Erxleben II, who in 1894 acquired the Falkenberg estate in the Oder foothills and took up residence there. In 1930 the dilapidated manor house was demolished.
With the cultivation of sugar beets in the surrounding Magdeburg Börde, which began in the 19th century , Sülldorf also became the location of sugar factories for a time. The population was 1781 429 people and then rose from 486 (in 1818), 521 (in 1842) to 1129 (in 1871). With the end of sugar processing in the village and the emigration of the workforce, however, the number of inhabitants fell again to 774 in 1905.
coat of arms
The coat of arms was approved on September 3, 1996 by the Magdeburg Regional Council.
Blazon : “Divided red over silver; above two diagonally crossed, rounded silver double hooks, below on the green, three-leaved flower stem, three blue salt aster flowers with golden seed capsules, the flower stem covered with a blue wavy strip. "
The present coat of arms shows two crossed salt hooks in the upper part of the shield. These salt hooks can be found in the coat of arms of the Berndes family, who have been based in Sülldorf since the 15th century. They were well-known and important owners of salt extraction works (Salzkoturen). The tombstones still standing on the churchyard wall with life-size images of the deceased mostly refer to the Berndes family. The family's coat of arms can still be seen at the entrance to the churchyard.
The importance of the salt hooks is explained by the salt extraction at that time. The brine was scooped up on a treadmill, passed through gutters into the boiling houses ( Kothe ) and evaporated in tin pans. The remaining salt was then pulled from the pans with the salt hooks and placed in salt baskets.
In the lower part of the coat of arms the brook, the "Sülze" is shown, which flows through the place. The name of the brook also indicates the presence of salt and from the western boundary of the district the jelly is salty.
Furthermore, in the lower part of the coat of arms, the Salzaster (also: Strandaster ) is one of the most conspicuous and dominant representatives of the salt plant flora ( halophytes ) that occur in Sülldorf and which have been placed under nature protection. Especially during the flowering period (in September), the bluish blooming salt asterisk flowers together with the reddish stocks of the samphire offer a very colorful characteristic landscape.
The flag is blue and white striped with the community coat of arms.
Buildings and monuments
- The Protestant St. Martin Church is located on a hill above the Sülzetal. In essence, it comes from the late Romanesque era .
- Monument to the von Angern family on the vineyard.
- Schalmeienkapelle Sülldorf eV
- Kultur - und Heimatverein Sülldorf eV
- Karl-Heinz Danielowski , rower and Olympic champion in the eighth, was born in 1940 in Sülldorf.
- Ferdinand von Angern (1757–1828), royal Prussian state and finance minister, was landlord on Sülldorf and died here on February 8, 1828.
- Norbert Klempo Bode, singer and guitarist of the heavy metal band Biest
The gallery owner Gerd Ilte (1933–2016) worked at times as a teacher in Sülldorf and organized socialist village festivals here.
Joachim Kebbel, who was born in Sülldorf, was made an honorary citizen of the place for his commitment to maintaining the homeland.
- Jens Kusian: Sülldorf gets a "puppet village": new street names in Sülzetal , in: Börde-Volksstimme, 2002, 275 (Nov. 26), T. II, p. 5
- Walter Merfert: The noble Pfänner von Sülldorf , in: An Elbe and Saale, between Hakel and Heide, Oschersleben: Zeithen, 1999, p. 271 ISBN 3-932090-69-1
- Heinz Nowak : To Sülldorf in the Sülzetal: Information about salt and boilers and bathing operations , in: Volksstimme, Ed. Börde, Vol. 52.1998, 287, p. 8
- Heinz Nowak: To Sülldorf in the Sülzetal: Hikes in a salty country; a hiking guide , Quedlinburg: Quedlinburg Druck GmbH, 1998
- The coat of arms of the municipality of Sülldorf, documentation on the approval process , deposited at the State Main Archives Magdeburg
- Joachim Kebbel, Humpellenne - Ein Bördeschicksal , dr. ziethen verlag Oschersleben 2015, ISBN 978-386289-102-3 , page 111.