The fountain was built in 1527 and expanded in 1544 by an octagonal water basin and the fountain figure created by Hans Gieng . This depicts the Roman- clad biblical hero Samson grabbing a lion by the mouth to tear it apart (compare Book of Judges 14: 6). Samson was a popular symbol of power in the 16th century and was considered the biblical Heracles .
Samson is armed with the jaws of a donkey (compare Book of Judges 15: 15-17) and also carries the tools of a butcher . It is possible that this fountain was donated by the butchers' guild . Originally it was called Schaalbrunnen (from Schaal as an ancient Bern German name for a slaughterhouse), since 1687 Metzgernbrunnen and only in 1827 did it receive its current name.
The column and figure were replaced in 1973 with copies by Hans Dubi.
- Paul Hofer : The art monuments of the canton of Bern. The city of Bern - cityscape · fortifications · city gates · installations · monuments · bridges · city fountains · hospitals · orphanages . Ed .: Society for Swiss Art History (= Die Kunstdenkmäler der Schweiz . Volume 28 ). tape 1 . Birkhäuser Verlag, Basel 1952, The city fountains II. Figure fountains of the 16th century 8. Simson fountain, p. 289–294 (467 pp., Biblio.unibe.ch [PDF; 68.9 MB ; accessed on January 30, 2018]).
- Berchtold Weber: Historical-topographical lexicon of the city of Bern. Simsonbrunnen (Places \ Sch \ Schweiz (CH) \ Bern (Canton) \ Bern (BE) \ S) . Ed .: Burgerbibliothek Bern (= publications of the Berner Burgerbibliothek ). Bern 2016 ( archives-quickaccess.ch [accessed on February 4, 2018]).
- Documents on the Simsonbrunnen in the online archive catalog of the Burgerbibliothek Bern
- Information about the Simsonbrunnen on g26.ch ( Memento from October 10, 2011 in the Internet Archive )
- The art monuments of the canton of Bern on DigiBern - Bernese culture and history on the Internet
- Drinking water quality. The quality of drinking water in the city of Bern is checked regularly. In: bern.ch. Information service of the City of Bern, November 17, 2015, accessed on February 6, 2018 .