Stenz (Koenigsbrück)

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City of Koenigsbrück
Coordinates: 51 ° 15 ′ 57 ″  N , 13 ° 53 ′ 21 ″  E
Height : 160 m above sea level NN
Area : 4.32 km²
Incorporation : October 1, 1939
Postal code : 01936
Area code : 035795

Stenz ( Upper Sorbian Šćeńc ) is a residential area in the city of Königsbrück in the west of the Bautzen district in the Free State of Saxony .



Stenz is located immediately west of Königsbrück on State Road 100 from Radeburg to Königsbrück. The street village with a corridor extends to the left of the Pulsnitz . In the north, on the site of the former Königsbrück military training area, is the nature reserve " Königsbrücker Heide ", while the Laußnitzer Heide extends to the southwest . To the north-west of the village is the Moselbruch, to the north, not far from the former green butcher's mill, the Lake of Friendship and the pond. Stenz is located in a slightly hilly landscape; as the foothills of the Lausitzer Platte rise the Haselberg ( 190  m ) and the Kasinohöhe ( 182  m ) to the north , the Schlossberg ( 173  m ) and the Wagenberg ( 261  m ) to the east, and the Scheibische Berg ( 211  m ) to the south-east .

Neighboring places

( Bohra ) † ( Steinborn ) †, New Camp Weissbach
Glauschnitz Neighboring communities Berghäuser, Königsbrück
Laußnitz Old warehouse , new extension


Glauschnitz and Stenz, Oberreitscher Atlas, 1841–43

The first mention of Stenz comes from the year 1305. Other forms of name were Stentzen (1443), Stenntzsch (1471), Stenschen (1503), Stenitz (1628) and Stenzsch (1791).

The street village with corridor was in the Mark Meissen on the Via Regia Lusatiae Superioris , which led over the Pulsnitz to Königsbrück in Upper Lusatia . The Stenz corridors stretched from the Käbnitz estuary downstream on both sides of the Pulsnitz to the Grünmetzmühle, which belonged to the city of Königsbrück. The Furthaus, located opposite the Furtbrücke on the Upper Lusatian side, was an exclave of the Königsbrücker Flur to guard the Pulsnitz passage to Steinborn . Stenz was part of the Hayn office .

In 1443 a Vorwerk and in 1468 a Ritterhof were mentioned in Stenz . The latter probably went out in the 16th century, since 1539 the village was subordinate to the Koenigsbrück rule , from 1562 to the royal rule Koenigsbrück. After the Glauschnitz suburbs were separated from the royal lordship in Königsbrück in 1564 and became an independent manor , Stenz became subordinate to Bohra and three houses from Königsbrück to Glauschnitz. In 1826 the poor house was built. In 1828 the landlord Peter Carl von Hohenthal had a school built in Stenz for the children from Stenz, Bohra and Glauschnitz. From 1843 Stenz belonged to the office of Radeberg with Laußnitz.

With the reorganization of the Saxon administrative structures, the rural community of Stenz was assigned to the Königsbrück court office in 1856 and to the Kamenz district administration in 1875 . In 1875 Glauschnitz became a district of Stenz. Stenz always belonged to the evangelical parish of Königsbrück, the Catholic minority was parish in Spittel .

At the end of the 19th century, the Saxon Army was looking for locations for a large training area to train the infantry. The sparsely populated Laußnitz Heath, which had also been owned by the state for centuries, seemed suitable for this. In 1892, the construction of an infantry combat firing range behind the forest school south of Glauschnitz and a barrack camp on the Scheibe near Stenz began. They were put into operation on June 30, 1893 by the 106th Regiment. In the same year the military training area was spun off from the municipality of Stenz as an independent manor district "Shooting range near Königsbrück" and from 1907 was called "Garrison Administration Königsbrück".

Across from the old school, a new one with a bell tower was completed in 1900. After the completion of the new Königsbrück military training area , the old camp continued to operate. In 1925 Glauschnitz was reassigned to Bohra; the brickworks southeast of the infantry firing range remained at Stenz. In 1929 a home for workers and children was inaugurated in Stenz. In the 1930s, the old camp was used as an all-terrain sports school. During the time of National Socialism, the Stenz workers' children's joy home served as a protective custody camp, then as a training center for SA and SS. The Schlereth gondola operation started at the Grünmetzmühle in 1933 and existed until 1975. As a result of the expansion of the military training area, the villages of Steinborn and Bohra north of Stenz were relocated in 1938. On the wooded hill east of the Furthaus, a Kraft durch Freude home was created in the same year . On October 1, 1939, the rural community of Stenz was incorporated into Königsbrück.

The old camp was reactivated from 1942 to 1944 as the location of the Free India Legion . After the end of the Second World War, the Königsbrück military training area was seized by the Red Army , parts of the 44th Guards Armored Regiment “Search Bator” were stationed in the old camp. The home above the Furthaus initially served as a children's rest home, then as a sanatorium for the barracked people's police . On October 10, 1961, the sanatorium of the Institute for Aviation Medicine of the Air Force and Air Defense of the NVA was founded in the building. Between 1984 and 1986 the Institute for Aviation Medicine was rebuilt by the Republic of Austria on the basis of bilateral agreements with the GDR. It was integrated into the Aviation Medicine Institute of the Air Force in 1995 and has been the flight physiology training center of the Air Force Center for Aerospace Medicine since 2013 .

From 1952 to 1994 Stenz belonged to the Kamenz district and since then to the Bautzen district . The old warehouse was cleared by the GSSD in 1990 and demolished in 1993. The poor house was faithfully restored by the Heimatverein in 2002. In 2003 the Grünmetzmühle was demolished. The Stenz elementary school was renovated in 2005–2008.

Since 2010, the Königsbrück city council, the Heimatverein, the State Office for the Preservation of Monuments and Königsbrück citizens have been mobilizing against the demolition permit for the green butcher mill weir and the associated lowering of the Pulsnitz water level by just under 4, which was granted by the Dresden State Directorate at the request of the Bautzen State Dam Administration and the Kamenz Environmental Authority Meter. The weir was demolished in April 2016.

Population development

year Residents
1551 11 Hufner (“possessed man”), 17 residents
1764 17 farmers, 7 cottagers
1821 7 farmers, 4 new gardeners, 6 threshing gardeners, 10 cottagers
1834 144
1871 146
1890 170
1910 440
1925 528


War memorial
  • Weir system of the former Grünmetzmühle, built in the 1920s, demolished in 2016
  • Former workers' children's home in Stenz (Bohraer Straße 40), inaugurated in 1929
  • Furtbrücke on Grünmetzweg, round arch building from the 19th century
  • Flight physiological training center (Steinborner Straße 43)
  • Small house from the 18th century (Großenhainer Straße 53)
  • House and gate post of a three-sided courtyard (Grossenhainer Straße 42) from the 1st half of the 19th century
  • Poor house (Großenhainer Straße 40), built in 1826
  • War Memorial First World War (Großenhainer Straße / Grenzweg)


The Königsbrücker Heide cycle path leads through Stenz. Two circular routes meet at the Lake of Friendship: the “beaver path” to the black ponds at Bohraer Wasser and to Glauschnitz and the “tower path” to the Haselberg tower .

Web links

Individual evidence

  6. ^ Stenz in the Digital Historical Directory of Saxony