Thilo Schoder

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Thilo Schoder (born February 12, 1888 in Weimar , † July 8, 1979 in Kristiansand , Norway ; full name: Karl Wilhelm Thilo Schoder ) was a German architect who lived and worked in Norway from 1932.


Thilo Schoder grew up as the youngest of five children and from 1907 studied interior design at the Grand Ducal Sächsische Kunstgewerbeschule Weimar , the predecessor institution of the Bauhaus . After graduating in 1911, he worked as a trainee at the Grand Ducal Saxon Building Trade School Weimar with the then director Paul Klopfer . He then completed a traineeship with Josef Hoffmann as a draftsman and worked in the fashion department of the Wiener Werkstätte . Schoder returned to Weimar in 1912 to work in the studio of his teacher Henry van de Velde .

In 1916, Schoder became an artistic adviser for the Golde company in Gera and moved to Gera. With numerous designs and the construction of a factory building, Schoder realized the connection between artistic and industrial production. In 1917 he was called up for military service. After the end of the First World War , Schoder developed into one of the most important architects of New Building in East Thuringia . He was appointed to the German Werkbund in 1919 and to the Association of German Architects in 1922 . In March 1932 he gave up his office due to a lack of orders as a result of the global economic crisis and at the end of the year emigrated to Norway, the home country of his second wife Bergljot Schoder. In 1936 he received the Norwegian work permit as an architect and opened an architecture office in Kristiansand. Given the political conditions in Germany, he took Norwegian citizenship in 1938 .

From 1936 onwards, Schoder was involved in the expansion of the “Hannevik Terrassen” residential area: He created the general development plan and built several residential buildings. His efforts to gain more influence in Norwegian architecture were interrupted by the German occupation of Norway in World War II. In 1940 Schoder was arrested by the Gestapo because of critical statements in the local press about political developments in Germany . Then he was obliged to do planning work for the German armed forces in Norway. The political rehabilitation in the post-war period enabled Schoder to join the Norwegian Chamber of Architects. With numerous residential and commercial buildings, Schoder became the leading architect in southern Norway and advanced to become a protagonist of southern modernism . The Sørlandet Art Museum dedicated an exhibition to Schoder in 2002.

Thilo Schoder died in Norway at the age of 91; his son Bjørn Schoder has been running the office since the early 1960s.

His estate from the time before emigration (1932) is administered by the archive of the Academy of Arts in Berlin .



Former private gynecological clinic Dr. Shepherd in Gera (1929)
Ulmenhof residential complex in Gera (1930–31)
  • Interior of the theater restaurant (1921)
  • Schäfer Women's Clinic, Gagarinstrasse 19 (1929)
  • Residential development Ulmenhof (1930/1931)
  • Hans Simmel's house, Vollersdorfer Straße 13, in the Heinrichsgrün housing estate (1928/1929 as an experimental building)
  • Julius-Sturm-Strasse 6, Wilhelm Erich Meyer residential building (1926/1927)
  • Greenhouse of Villa Schulenburg (1919)
  • Factory building of Traugott Golde AG in Wiesestrasse 202 (1918–1921, 1925 and 1929 expanded)
  • various factory buildings of the wool and silk weaving mill Schulenburg & Bessler (1925–1928)
  • Kratzsch / Schumann houses at Walter-Erdmann-Strasse 28 and 30 (1928–1931)
  • Fountain in the dahlia garden (1930)
  • Am Galgenberg settlement (1929–1931)
  • Rudolf Sparmberg's house at Franz-Petrich-Strasse 30 (1930/1931)
  • Residence Dr. Kurt Gröbe at Roschützer Strasse 10 (1928–1930)
  • Garden house Dr. Rudolf Paul at Herderstrasse 35 (1928)
  • Georg Halpert's house at Kurt-Keicher-Strasse 11 (1925/1926)


  • Lessner house, called "Villa Tusculum", Freiherr-vom-Stein-Allee 34 (1922/1923)

Other places

Altensteiner Strasse 16–28a settlement in Ruhla (1927–28)
  • Döberitz / Möbius double house in Uhlandstrasse 8/10 in Altenburg (1927/1928)
  • Residential building Findeisen (residential building) at Gartenstrasse 24 in Berga an der Elster (1930/1931)
  • Heinz Baecker's house at Farnstrasse 48 in the Bochum district of Wiemelhausen (1927/1928, destroyed in 1944)
  • Ernst Dautert's house at Wartburgstrasse 47 in the Hochheim district of Erfurt (1930)
  • Willy Schoder's house at Schwarzwaldstrasse 144 in the Sachsenhausen district of Frankfurt (1934/1935)
  • "Am Neuen Haus" settlement in Hermsdorf (1926/1927, together with Ernst Trommler )
  • House Stroß in Liberec (Reichenberg) in the Czech Republic (1923–1925)
  • Residence for Schoder's sister Marie Gutheil-Schoder in Masserberg (1912/1913)
  • Residential development Altenburger Straße 56–58 (Meuselwitz settlement) in Meuselwitz (1927/1928)
  • Spinning mill Franz Fritsche in Neustadt an der Orla (1922)
  • Machine factory Seelemann in Neustadt an der Orla (1922/1923)
  • Rötha settlement in Rötha (1927/1928)
  • Bauhaus residential complex Altensteiner Strasse 16–28a in Ruhla (1927/1928, together with Erik Dorst )
  • Settlement Saalfeld in Saalfeld (1927/1928)
  • Settlement in Zwenkau (1927–1929)
  • District hospital in Zwenkau (1928–1930)

Kristiansand (Norway) after 1932

Housing estate on Solbygg, Kristiansand (1946–48)
  • Houses on the Hannevik Terrace (1936–1938)
  • Houses in Oddernesveien (1938/39)
  • House in Flaten 16
  • Housing estates on Solbygg (1946–1948)
  • House Drange (1948)
  • Avenyen restaurant
  • House in Arenfeldts vei


A Gera tram locomotive has been named in his honor since 2009 .

Individual evidence

  1. ( Page no longer available , search in web archives: Exhibition on the life and work of Thilo Schoder at Sørlandet Art Museum (English) )@1@ 2Template: Dead Link /
  2. ^ Architecture archive: Thilo Schoder archive of the Academy of Arts
  3. ^ Bauhaus and Hermsdorf, online at
  4. Portrait of the Stroß house in the Neue Zürcher Zeitung, online in the nextroom architecture database
  5. ^ Friedrich Schlegel: House Stross in Reichenberg. A work by the architect Thilo Schoder - Weimar, Gera . In: Interior Decoration, Vol. 38, 1927, pp. 217–232 ( digitized version ).


  • Ulrike Lorenz (Ed.): Thilo Schoder. Architecture and design 1888–1979. (Exhibition catalog of the Art Collection Gera) Glaux, Jena 1997.
  • Ulrike Lorenz: Thilo Schoder. An architect in the field of tension of modernity. Life and work in Germany (1888–1936). Glaux, Jena 2001, ISBN 3-931743-40-3 .
  • Volker Kielstein / Doris Weilandt: Thilo Schoder: pupil and friend of Henry van de Velde. As part of the overall exhibition Henry van de Velde, pioneer of the Bauhaus and border crosser of modernity , Jena: Verlag Vopelius [2019] (series of publications by the Henry van de Velde Museum Haus Schulenburg Gera; 3), ISBN 978-3-947303-01-4 .

Web links

Commons : Thilo Schoder  - Collection of images, videos and audio files