|Province (il) :||Kayseri|
|Residents :||10,629 (2007)|
|Telephone code :||(+90) 352|
|Postal code :||38 xxx|
|License plate :||38|
|Structure and administration|
|Mayor :||Fahrettin Işık ( AKP )|
|Residents :||28,107 (2007)|
|Population density :||19 inhabitants per km²|
|Kaymakam :||Recep Öztürk|
Tomarza is a district in the Kayseri Province of Turkey , which was still inhabited by Armenians at the beginning of the 20th century . It has 27,944 inhabitants. There are 3 communities and 46 villages in the district. It was declared a district in 1953, is 1330 m above sea level and has an area of 1485 km².
The Byzantine-Seljuk castle of Tzamandos (also Zamantı Kalesi ) is near the village of Melikgazi ( Pınarbaşı (Kayseri) district ).
The deserted area "in the no man's land between Byzantium and the Arabs" was settled with compatriots by the Armenian-Byzantine general Melias at the beginning of the 10th century and raised to a Syrian-Orthodox metropolis in 954/957. In 1065 Emperor Konstantinos X. Dukas handed the place over to the exiled King Gagik of Kars. The Armenian Catholicos Gregor II resided here from 1065 to 1069 . At the end of the 19th century Tomarza still had 38 Turkish and a few Greek houses of 980 households , the remaining houses were inhabited by Armenians . In the village there were the churches Aziz Boğos and Bedros , in the eastern part the Surp Asdvadzadzin Mother of God monastery with an early Christian church building ( Panagia ), 6th century. An Armenian diocese and monastery existed until the 1st World War.
- Hans Rott: Monuments from Asia Minor from Pisidia, Pamphylia, Cappadocia and Lycia. Dieterich, Leipzig 1908, 180-187;
- Steven Hill: The Early Christian Church at Tomarza - A Study Based on Photographs Taken in 1909 by Gertrude Bell . In: Dumbarton Oaks Papers 29 (1975) 151-164 (on Panagia Church);
- Sevgi Parlak: Une citadelle du Moyen Âge: Forteresse de Tzamandos (Zamanti) . In: Synergies Turquie No. 4 (2011) 59-68 (online: https://gerflint.fr/Base/Turquie4/parlak.pdf );
- Photographs, especially of the churches of Tormaza, by Gertrude Bell (1909): Album O 1909 Photos 023-068
- Tomarza Kaymakamlığı . Retrieved April 11, 2010.
- Thomas H. Benner: The Syrian-Jacobite Church under Byzantine rule in the 10th and 11th centuries , Diss. Theol. Marburg 1989, 173f.