Peking University

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Beijing University
founding 1898
Sponsorship state
place Beijing , People's Republic of China
president Lin Jianhua ( 林建华 )
Students 14,116 undergraduates
21,799 postgraduates
Employee 4,206
Annual budget RMB 2.5 billion (about € 350 million)
Networks IARU

The Peking University (also: "Peking University"; Chinese  北京大學  /  北京大学 , Pinyin Běijīng Daxue , English : Peking University), short- Beida ( 北大 , Beida ), is one of the most prestigious universities in the People's Republic of China . The Chinese like to call the Beida the Chinese Harvard . It is located in the north-west of Beijing in the Haidian district , not far from the Old Summer Palace and in the immediate vicinity of the also highly regarded Tsinghua University .


Cai Yuanpei : Rector of Peking University

The university was founded in 1898 during the Hundred Day Reform as the Imperial University of Beijing ( 京師 大 學堂 , Jīngshī Dàxuétáng ) and replaced the Guozijian ( 北京 國子監 , Běijīng Guózǐjiān ) which had been the highest educational institution for several centuries. The Faculty of Education was outsourced as early as 1902 and formed the cornerstone of the Beijing Pedagogical University, which still exists today . In 1912, as a result of the Xinhai Revolution , the university was renamed Beijing National University ( 國立 北京大學 , Guólì Běijīng Dàxué ). The famous scholar Cai Yuanpei was appointed its rector in 1917 and played a major role in making Beijing University the largest university in China. In 1919, its intellectuals formed the core of the May Fourth Movement , and a year later it became the second Chinese college to accept female students.

Hu Shi : Spiritual leader of the May Fourth Movement , which played an essential role in China's modernization

After the outbreak of the Second Sino-Japanese War in 1937 and the growing control of Japan over eastern China, Peking University was forced to move to Changsha, where it formed the Temporary University of Changsha with Tsinghua University and Nankai University. In 1938, this institution moved to Kunming and remained open as the United Southwest University until the end of World War II . After that, the three universities returned to their original locations. At that time, Peking University had 3,000 students and comprised 6 faculties and an institute for the humanities. In 1952 the addition "National" was removed from the name, since all universities in the People's Republic were state-run at that time. Peking University also moved to the campus of the merged Yenching University.

The first unrest of the Cultural Revolution began at the university in 1966, and teaching came to a standstill by 1970. In 2000, Peking Medical University was merged with Peking University.

The University is a member of university networks Association of Pacific Rim Universities (APRU), Association of East Asian Research Universities (AEARU) and BESETOHA (together with the Seoul National University , University of Tokyo and University of Hanoi ). Beijing University has been a member of the International Alliance of Research Universities (IARU) since 2006 .

In 2001, Peking University opened another campus in the Nanshan University city of Shenzhen (Peking University Shenzhen Graduate School), with the faculties Peking University HSBC Business School , School of Transnational Law, School of Chemical Biology and Biochemistry, School of Electronic and Computer Engineering , School of Environmental and Energy, School of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Urban Planning and Design and School of Advanced Materials.

February 2017 Peking University HSBC Business School invested in a new campus in Boars Hill, Oxfordshire , England to offer more international courses.

Schools and Studies

Peking University is a national focus university of the People's Republic of China. It currently has 41 faculties. Bachelor's degree programs are offered for 101 subjects, Master’s degree programs are available for 244 specializations, and the university has the right to award doctoral degrees in most academic disciplines . More than two hundred research institutes and centers are affiliated with it. A total of around 30,000 students study at the Beida. With 4.5 million volumes, it has one of the largest university libraries in Asia.

In university rankings , the university is often among the top universities worldwide, so it was 53rd in the QS ranking in 2014/2015 . While Tsinghua University is a leader in engineering, Beida is one of the world's leading universities in the humanities, society (QS ranking 21st) and natural sciences (QS ranking 20th). The university is known for its contribution to modern Chinese literature, poetry and art, among other things, and has published a large number of pioneering studies and books in this field. She also has a strong profile in art. Together with the University of Chicago , she built the Center for East Asian Art (CAEA). With UNESCO , she developed a department for digital art and design.

In the Times Higher Education Supplement Ranking of 2016, it was ranked 21st worldwide.

Campus grounds

The campus site
Peking University: Nameless Lake with Porter Pagoda

Peking University is now located on the former site of what was then Yanjing University ( {{{c}}} , Yānjīng Dàxué ).

The campus can basically be divided into three areas: the south-eastern part, in which the teaching facilities are located, the south-western part with the dormitories and the northern area and the center, with the Weiming Lake ( 未名湖 , Weiming Hu ). The so-called Porter Pagoda is located on the south-eastern side of the lake .

In the area around the lake and in the area on the western side up to the western gate there is a lot of greenery (mostly with weeping willows ), and the buildings including the Di yi tiyuguan ( 第一 体育馆  - "first sports hall") preserve it traditional Chinese architectural style (especially the northern and southern pavilions).

Well-known professors


The sports hall during the 2008 Summer Olympics

The table tennis competitions at the 2008 Summer Olympics and the 2008 Paralympics took place in the sports hall of Beijing University . A 50-meter swimming pool in the basement was also used as a training hall for the swimmers. Today the facilities are mainly used by university sports. In addition to the above, there is also a fitness center and badminton fields.

See also

Web links

Commons : Peking University  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Enroll for our PHBS UK program! - News - Peking University HSBC Business School (PHBS). Retrieved November 30, 2017 .
  2. QS World University Rankings 2014/2015 , accessed on September 4, 2015.
  3. QS World University Ranking Arts and Humanities 2014 , accessed on September 4, 2015.
  4. QS World University Ranking Natural Science 2014 , accessed on September 4, 2015.
  5. Beijing University on Times Higher Education Supplement, accessed May 5, 2016
  6. L. Bieg: Literary translations of the classical lyric and drama ... 1999, p. 68 .
  7. L. Bieg: Literary translations of the classical lyric and drama ... 1999, p. 69 .

Coordinates: 39 ° 59 ′ 23 ″  N , 116 ° 18 ′ 19 ″  E