Victor Gardthausen

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Victor Emil Gardthausen (born August 26, 1843 in Copenhagen , † December 27, 1925 in Leipzig ) was a German ancient historian , palaeographer and librarian.


Victor Gardthausen was the son of the lawyer Emil Gardthausen, who was the postmaster in Neumünster and authorized representative of the Schleswig-Holstein law firm in Copenhagen. He was married to Sophie, b. Deer forest. After attending school in Altona, Victor Gardthausen studied classical studies in Kiel with Alfred von Gutschmid from 1865 , especially ancient history. He switched to the University of Bonn for a while, where he studied with Arnold Schaefer and Heinrich Nissen . Returned to Kiel, Gardthausen received his doctorate there in 1869 with a thesis on Ammianus Marcellinus . After serving in the war of 1870/71, he went to Italy and Greece for research stays and completed his habilitation in 1873 at the University of Leipzig , again with a thesis on Ammianus, of whose work he also published an edition in the following years. In 1873 Gardthausen became a librarian at the Pölitz Library, which was combined with the Leipzig City Library. In 1874 he joined the Leipzig University Library as an assistant , where he was curator in 1875/76. Since 1877 he was associate professor for ancient history and epigraphy at the University of Leipzig. In 1887/1888 he worked again as a librarian at the university library, where he became chief librarian in 1901. After he was not appointed director of the library in 1907, Gardthausen left the library service.

As an ancient historian, Gardthausen is best known for his multi-volume work Augustus and His Time . The Frankfurt ancient historian Klaus Bringmann writes about this opus: "The extensive work was an exception at the time, as Augustus had been in the shadow of Caesar since the second half of the 19th century. This was an effect of Theodor Mommsen's Roman history , which was in an apotheosis Caesars ended, leaving no room for an impartial appreciation of his adoptive son. " Gardthausen thus prepared "the overdue revision" of the Augustus picture by Eduard Meyer in the 1920s. Various research stays in Italy, Russia, Spain, Greece (Patmos) and Egypt (Sinai) led Gardthausen to Greek palaeography, to which he devoted his life. His Greek palaeography , published in Leipzig in 1879, was completely redesigned in the second edition in 1910/1911 and is still considered a standard work today. With his manuscript catalogs (including the Greek manuscripts of the Leipzig University Library), his study of the Greek monograms and his work The Greek writers of the Middle Ages and the Renaissance (with Marie Vogel), Gardthausen created important Byzantine tools . In the library sector, he wrote a handbook of academic library studies (1920).

Works (selection)

  • Coniectanea Ammianea: codice adhibito Vaticano , Kiel: Schwews, 1849.
  • Ammian's geographic sources. Trial lecture; Monday January 20, 1873 , Leipzig: Teubner 1873 (Leipzig, Univ., Phil. Fac., Diss., 1873).
  • Greek palaeography , Leipzig: Teubner 1879.
  • Mastara or Servius Tullius: With an introduction to the expansion of the Etruscan Empire , Leipzig: Veit 1882.
  • Catalogus codicum graecorum Sinaiticorum, Oxford: Clarendon 1886.
  • Augustus and his time , 2 volumes, Leipzig: Teubner 1861–1904.
  • Catalog of the Greek manuscripts of the Leipzig University Library, Leipzig: Harrassowitz 1898 (catalog of the manuscripts of the Leipzig University Library; 3).
  • Collections and catalogs of Greek manuscripts , Leipzig: Teubner 1903 (Byzantine Archive; 3).
  • The Altar of the Imperial Peace, Ara Pacis Augustae , Leipzig: Veit 1908.
  • together with Marie Vogel: The Greek scribes of the Middle Ages and the Renaissance , Leipzig: Harrassowitz 1909.
  • Official quotations in Roman documents . In: Archive for Document Research, Vol. 3 (1911), pp. 1–22.
  • Greek palaeography , 2 volumes, 2nd edition, Leipzig: Veit 1911–1913
    • Vol. 1: Books in antiquity and the Byzantine Middle Ages , 2nd edition, Leipzig: Veit 1911.
    • Vol. 2: The writing, signatures, and chronology in antiquity and in the Byzantine Middle Ages , 2nd edition, Leipzig: Veit 1913.
  • Handbook of Scientific Library Studies , 2 volumes, Leipzig: Quelle and Meyer 1920.
  • The Alexandrian Library, its model, catalog and operation , Leipzig: German Museum for Books and Writing 1922.
  • The old monogram , Leipzig: Hiersemann 1924.
  • [Autobiography] . In: The history of the present in self-portrayals , Vol. 2, Leipzig, 1926, pp. 85–110.


Web links

Wikisource: Viktor Gardthausen  - Sources and full texts

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Klaus Bringmann, Augustus. Darmstadt 2007. pp. 285f.
  2. ^ Klaus Bringmann, Augustus. Darmstadt 2007. p. 286.
  3. Ernst Gamillscheg (Byzantinist) a . a .: Palaeography . In: The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium , edited in chief Alexander P. Kazhdan. New York, Oxford, Oxford University Press 1991, ISBN 978-0-19-504652-6 , p. 1557 (English)