Otto Theodor Schulz

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Otto Theodor A. Schulz (born January 1, 1879 in Quolsdorf , Waldenburg district , Silesia ; † February 2, 1954 in Pönitz ) was a German ancient historian .


Otto Theodor Schulz, born on New Year's Day 1879 in Lower Silesia , attended the Bürgererschule at Gaudigplatz in Leipzig from 1885 to 1888, then received private lessons in Latin at the Nieder-Synderstedt manor until 1889 , attended the grammar school in Weimar from 1889 to 1891 and then until 1897 Gymnasium Görlitz. From 1899 to 1902 he studied history and geography at the University of Geneva , the Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich and the University of Leipzig . In 1903 he received his doctorate under Kurt Wachsmuth with a thesis on the subject of contributions to the criticism of our literary tradition for the period from Commodus ' fall to the death of M. Aurelius Antoninus . The habilitation followed in 1904 with the writing Life of the Emperor Hadrian . Schulz then became a private lecturer in Leipzig. Schulz worked since 1910 at the Bibliographisches Institut Leipzig for Meyer's Großes Konversations-Lexikon . Since 1920 he taught as a non-scheduled, since 1921 as a scheduled associate professor for historical auxiliary sciences and ancient history in Leipzig. In 1926/27 he traveled to Rome, Naples and Sicily.

During the Nazi era, Schulz signed the professors 'commitment to Adolf Hitler at German universities and colleges and was a member of the National Socialist Teachers' Association , since 1934 of the National Socialist People's Welfare , since 1936 in the Reichsbund Deutscher Officials und Reichskolonialbund and since 1937 in the National Socialist Old Masters Association . During the air raid on Leipzig on December 4, 1943, Schulze's finished manuscript for his book History of the Roman Empire was destroyed. After the war he joined in 1945 in the KPD one in 1946 in the Socialist Dozentenbund, in April 1946 by the forced merger of the SPD and KPD resulting SED . From 1946 to 1953 he headed the Department of Auxiliary Historical Sciences at the University of Leipzig in 1952/53 he was there also director of the Department of Ancient History . Schulz was involved in the non-ordinaries movement. Hans-Joachim Diesner and Helmut Thierfelder were among his academic students . His estate is in the university archive of Leipzig University.


  • Contributions to the criticism of our literary tradition up to the death of M. Aurelius Antonius (Caracalla) , Teubner, Leipzig 1903
  • Life of the Emperor Hadrian. Source analyzes and historical investigations , Teubner, Leipzig 1904
  • Source analyzes and historical studies on the Scriptores historiae Augustae , Teubner, Leipzig 190?
  • The imperial house of Antonine and the last historian of Rome. In addition to an addition, The History of Anonymus. Source analyzes and historical investigations , Teubner, Leipzig 1907
  • The essence of the Roman Empire in the first two centuries , Schöningh, Paderborn 1916
  • From principate to dominate. The essence of the Roman Empire in the 3rd century , Schöningh, Paderborn 1919
  • The legal titles and government programs on Roman imperial coins , Schöningh, Paderborn 1925


Individual evidence

  1. Detlef Porzig: Otto Theodor Schulz - A Roman from Pönitz . In: Tauchaer Stadtanzeiger 3/2006 ( online  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. ).@1@ 2Template: Toter Link /  

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