District 09 of Neuss
|Residents||8663 (Jun. 30, 2014)|
|Population density||2594 inhabitants / km²|
|Source: Timetable information from Stadtwerke Neuss|
The first traces of human life go back to the year 7000 BC. A stone tool of this age was found near the village of Weckhoven. The construction of a Roman villa rustica in the hallway "Im Hahnen" dates back to the second half of the first century AD. It existed until the second half of the third century. Several graves date from the early 7th century AD and were found near today's Catholic St. Paul Church. Weckhoven was first mentioned in a document in 793. In 1183 Weckhoven was referred to as "Hof des Wego".
Erprath Castle , owned by the family of the same name, dates back to the 13th century . In the Sewer War of 1586, it was destroyed. As early as 1598, knowledgeable villagers were teaching arithmetic and reading to the children in the pub and gave lessons in catechism.
Politically, Weckhoven belonged to the Electoral Cologne Office of Hülchrath in the Archbishopric of Cologne until 1794 . In the same year French troops occupied the place and Weckhoven came to the new municipality Hülchrath. In 1815, Hülchrath became part of the new Hülchrath mayor in the Grevenbroich district . In 1845 the place received a one-class elementary school, and in 1863 the shooting club was founded. A list of the animal population from 1890 shows that Weckhoven was still very much influenced by agriculture: 22 horses, 125 cattle, 183 pigs, 165 goats, 19 beehives, 756 chickens, 4 geese, 38 ducks and one sheep.
In 1909 Weckhoven was connected to the electrical power grid. After the First World War, French soldiers occupied the place. The upswing that had started before the war only gradually resumed. Kraftpost Weckhoven drove to Weckhoven for the first time in 1924, so Neuss could also be reached by bus. In 1927 a war memorial was erected. In 1929 Weckhoven was incorporated into the then independent city of Neuss . American troops occupied the place in March 1945. The first trolleybus from Neuss started to Weckhoven as early as 1948 .
Weckhoven has developed from a village to a district with around 9,000 inhabitants since the 1960s . Today it is a district with a relatively young population. A good 22 percent are younger than 18 years, a good four percent more than the average for the rest of the city. Weckhoven's image has improved significantly in recent years. Many of the obsolete and unattractive high-rise buildings have been completely refurbished over the decades .
- 1890: 694 inhabitants
- 1905: 755 inhabitants
- 2006: 8,999 inhabitants (as of June 30, 2006)
- 2009: 8,895 inhabitants (as of June 30, 2009)
- 2011: 8,876 inhabitants (as of June 30, 2011)
Weckhoven owns the following places of worship :
- an evangelical resurrection church
- a Roman Catholic St. Paulus Church, built 1966–1969 based on a design by Fritz Schaller
- a Greek Orthodox Church of St. Nektarios
- A mosque
Economy and institutions
Culture and sights
The Erprath mills go back to at least the 13th century.
The Kyburg, also called Burg Erprath , was built in the 13th century from Roman demolition material. Today only one moth of the castle remains. A 4.8 meter high remnant of the residential tower still exists.
The sports club Ballspielverein von 1927 e. V. Neuss-Weckhoven has around 800 members in 8 departments and was founded in 1927. The traditional division is football, the following sports are also played in the club: badminton, youth football, American football, karate, table tennis, popular sports (fit from fifty, children's gymnastics, back school), baseball and cycling.
- Karl Emsbach, Max Tauch: Churches, monasteries and chapels in the Neuss district. Cologne 1986.
- Walter and Brigitte Janssen: Castles, palaces and court festivals in the Neuss district. 1985.
- District brochure on the website of the city of Neuss
- Dorothea Haupt: The small finds of a Roman country house from Neuss-Weckhoven . Contributions to the archeology of the Roman Rhineland, Rheinische Ausgrabungen 3 (1968), p. 153ff.
- Frank Siegmund: Merovingian time on the Lower Rhine. Rheinische Ausgrabungen 34. Rheinland-Verlag, Cologne 1998, p. 436. ISBN 3-7927-1247-4
- Entry by Katrin Striewe on Erprath Castle in the scientific database " EBIDAT " of the European Castle Institute
- Key statistical data for the city of Neuss