Vitjas (ship, 1884)

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Ship data
flag Russian EmpireRussian Empire (naval war flag) Russian Empire
Ship type corvette
class Vityas class
Shipyard Admiralty Shipyard , Saint Petersburg
Launch October 23, 1884
Commissioning July 16, 1886
Whereabouts Stranded in April 1893
Ship dimensions and crew
79.4 m ( KWL )
width 13.72 m
Draft Max. 6.07 m
displacement Construction: 2,950 t
crew 330 men
Machine system
machine 10 cylinder boiler
compound machine
Template: Infobox ship / maintenance / service format
3,000 PS (2,206 kW)
14.4 kn (27 km / h)
propeller 1
Rigging and rigging
Rigging Barque
Number of masts 3

The Vitjas ( Russian Витязь ; English transcription Vityaz ) was a corvette of the Imperial Russian Navy and the type ship of the Vitjas class . The ship made a three-year trip around the world and ran aground in the spring of 1893.


The ship was on 16 August 1883 the Admiralty Shipyard in St. Petersburg paid to Kiel . After 14 months of construction, the corvette was launched on October 23, 1884. The one with a steel hull and a light armored deck over the boiler and engine rooms was the first Russian protected cruiser . The Vitjas was put into service on July 16, 1886 under the command of Captain Stepan Makarov .

In August 1886 the ship Kronstadt went around the world. Extensive oceanographic surveys were carried out throughout the voyage, e . B. on the temperature and density of the sea water as well as on the nature of the seabed. In the Bay of Biscay , the corvette got caught in a severe storm , then crossed the Atlantic and ran into Rio de Janeiro . At the turn of the year 1886/1887 the Vitjas was in the Strait of Magellan and then crossed the Pacific . At the beginning of April 1887 the ship reached Vladivostok . From there it continued for hydrological investigations in the North Pacific. The Vitjas stayed in East Asia until the end of 1888 and began her journey home in December 1888. The ship followed the route chosen by Otto von Kotzebue on his third trip around the world between Saigon and Singapore . In Bab el-Mandeb , Makarov had the currents between the Red and Arabian Seas examined. After 993 days, the Vitjas returned to Kronstadt on June 1, 1889. On its voyage, the corvette had covered 59,269  nm , around half of it alone under sail . A total of 254 deep sea and 493 other measurements were made. For her services in marine research, the Vitjas was included in the "Honor Roll for Historic Ships" at the Oceanographic Museum in Monaco .

In 1891 the Vitjas left the Baltic Sea again for East Asia. From then on she belonged to the Pacific Squadron , but continued to carry out scientific measurements. In 1892 the ship was reclassified as a cruiser .

On April 28, 1893, the Vitjas ran up against a rock at position 39 ° 17 '  N , 127 ° 34'  E east of Wsannsan . Attempts to deliver it were unsuccessful. Since the ship was also badly damaged, it was partially demolished on site.


  • Gardiner, Robert (Ed.): Conway's All The World's Fighting Ships 1860-1905 . Conway Maritime Press, London 1979, ISBN 0-85177-133-5 , pp. 192 .

Web links

Commons : Vitjas  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files


  1. a b c d e КОРВЕТ "ВИТЯЗЬ". Retrieved November 10, 2013 (Russian).
  2. ^ Steam-driven armor-plated fleet and destroyer forces. Retrieved November 10, 2013 .
  3. a b c «ВИТЯЗЬ». Retrieved November 10, 2013 (Russian).