Agnes of Waiblingen
Agnes von Waiblingen (* late 1072 ; † 24 September 1143 in Klosterneuburg ) from the Salier family was Duchess of Swabia from 1089 to 1105 through her first marriage to Duke Friedrich I of Swabia and through her second marriage to Margrave Leopold III. "The Holy" of Austria from 1106 to 1136 Margravine of Austria. She thus became the ancestral mother of both the Hohenstaufen and the later Dukes of Austria from the Babenberg family
Marriage to Friedrich I.
At the age of seven, she was engaged to the first Duke of Staufer Friedrich I of Swabia on March 24, 1079 . Her father Heinrich IV wanted to bind Friedrich, one of his most important comrades-in-arms, through this engagement and the simultaneous elevation of Frederick to Duke of Swabia. Agnes became the ancestral mother of the Hohenstaufen family , who later based their claim to the German royal crown with the descent from the Salians.
In addition to the sons of Duke Friedrich II. And Conrad III. there is evidence of a daughter Gertrud who married Hermann von Stahleck . Another daughter is said to be Bertrada (Berta von Boll) . This and other information about children that Hansmartin Decker-Hauff made on the basis of Lorcher sources forged by him have turned out to be fantasy products.
Marriage to Leopold III.
After the death of Frederick in 1105, her brother, the later Emperor Heinrich V , gave her the Babenberg Margrave Leopold III in 1106 . married from Austria. This was thanks for the fact that in the autumn of 1105, when Heinrich had revolted against his father, Emperor Heinrich IV , Leopold , together with his brother-in-law, Duke Boriwoy of Bohemia, fled from the side of Henry IV to that of his son. This made the situation of old Heinrich hopeless, he had to flee and died in Liège in 1106 as a hunted man . Agnes established a close relationship between Staufers and Babenbergers.
Agnes, who is over thirty years old, is said to have given birth to eighteen more children. It is possible that some of the children assigned to this connection actually come from their first marriage or the first marriage of Leopold. The following children are known by name from their second marriage:
- Heinrich II. Jasomirgott , Count Palatine of the Rhine (1140–1141), Margrave of Austria (1141–1156), Duke of Bavaria (1143–1156), 1st Duke of Austria (1156–1177), (* c. 1107, † January 13, 1177)
- Leopold IV , Margrave of Austria (1136–1141), Duke of Bavaria (1139–1141), (* 1108, † October 18, 1141)
- Otto of Austria, known as Otto von Freising , Bishop of Freising and historian (* December 15, approx. 1109, † September 22, 1158)
- Jutta of Austria
- ∞ Liutold Count of Plain , († 1164)
- Agnes of Austria , (* 1111, † January 25, 1157)
- Judith of Austria, (* c. 1115, † after 1178)
- Konrad of Austria, Bishop of Passau (1148–1164), Archbishop Konrad of Salzburg (1164–1168), (* 1120, † September 28, 1168)
- Gertrude of Austria, (* c. 1120, † April 8, 1150)
- Elisabeth of Austria, (* c. 1123, † May 20, 1143)
- Bertha of Austria, (* c. 1124, † 1160)
Like her second husband Leopold III, who was later canonized, she is buried in a crypt under the former chapter house of the Augustinian canons of Klosterneuburg , today's Leopold Chapel with the Verdun Altar. To the left of the lattice of the chapel, stairs lead down to the crypt, which is not open to the public.
In 1894 the Agnesgasse in Vienna- Döbling (19th district) was named after her. In 2009, the former Welfenplatz south of the monastery was renamed Hohenstaufenplatz and a Staufer stele in memory of Agnes was inaugurated.
Statue of Agnes in the museum of Klosterneuburg Abbey (around 1477). It originally stood on the Gothic south tower of the collegiate church and was replaced there by a copy.
Agnes von Waiblingen on a window in Heiligenkreuz Abbey , ca.1290.
- Heinz Bühler : On the history of the early Staufer , in: Walter Ziegler (Hrsg.): Hohenstaufen. Stauferforschungen im Stauferkreis Göppingen , Göppingen 1977, pp. 1–44, here pp. 30–35
- Klaus Graf : Staufer traditions from Lorch Abbey. In: Sönke Lorenz u. a. (Ed.): From Swabia to Jerusalem. Facets of Hohenstaufen history. Sigmaringen 1995, pp. 209-240 ( online ); Tobias Weller : On the way to the “Hohenstaufen house”. On the descent, relationship and connubium of the early Hohenstaufen. In: Hubertus Seibert, Jürgen Dendorfer (Ed.): Counts, dukes, kings. The rise of the Hohenstaufen and the empire (1079–1152). Ostfildern 2005, pp. 41–63, here pp. 56–63.
- Floridus Röhrig: The life of St. Leopold , in: Karl-Heinz Rueß (ed.): Babenberger and Staufer , Göppingen 1987, pp. 69–83, here: p. 72
- Peter Koblank: Staufer graves. Only a few of the most prominent Hohenstaufen are buried in Germany on stauferstelen.net. Retrieved September 10, 2014.
- Stauferstele Klosterneuburg on stauferstelen.net. Retrieved September 10, 2014.
- Entry on Agnes von Waiblingen in the Austria Forum (in the AEIOU Austria Lexicon )
- Entry on Agnes von Waiblingen in the database of the state's memory for the history of the state of Lower Austria ( Museum Niederösterreich )
- Elisabeth Oberhaidacher-Herzig: Margravine Agnes - the wife of a saint , in: Denkmal heute, edition 1/2017, p. 46f (in the count of the online edition as p. 48–49), therein commentary on three images on glass windows in Heiligenkreuz and Klosterneuburg.
|SURNAME||Agnes of Waiblingen|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Wife of Friedrich I of Swabia and Leopold III. from Austria|
|DATE OF BIRTH||1072|
|DATE OF DEATH||September 24, 1143|
|Place of death||Klosterneuburg|