Agnes of Waiblingen

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Margravine Agnes, wife of Leopold III, daughter of Emperor Heinrich IV (excerpt from the Babenberger family tree , Klosterneuburg Abbey)

Agnes von Waiblingen (* late 1072 ; † 24 September 1143 in Klosterneuburg ) from the Salier family was Duchess of Swabia from 1089 to 1105 through her first marriage to Duke Friedrich I of Swabia and through her second marriage to Margrave Leopold III. "The Holy" of Austria from 1106 to 1136 Margravine of Austria. She thus became the ancestral mother of both the Hohenstaufen and the later Dukes of Austria from the Babenberg family

She was the second daughter of Emperor Henry IV of Salier and Bertha of Turin . Her brother was Emperor Heinrich V. She got her name from Agnes von Poitou , her grandmother.

Marriage to Friedrich I.

At the age of seven, she was engaged to the first Duke of Staufer Friedrich I of Swabia on March 24, 1079 . Her father Heinrich IV wanted to bind Friedrich, one of his most important comrades-in-arms, through this engagement and the simultaneous elevation of Frederick to Duke of Swabia. Agnes became the ancestral mother of the Hohenstaufen family , who later based their claim to the German royal crown with the descent from the Salians.

In addition to the sons of Duke Friedrich II. And Conrad III. there is evidence of a daughter Gertrud who married Hermann von Stahleck . Another daughter is said to be Bertrada (Berta von Boll) . This and other information about children that Hansmartin Decker-Hauff made on the basis of Lorcher sources forged by him have turned out to be fantasy products.

Marriage to Leopold III.

After the death of Frederick in 1105, her brother, the later Emperor Heinrich V , gave her the Babenberg Margrave Leopold III in 1106 . married from Austria. This was thanks for the fact that in the autumn of 1105, when Heinrich had revolted against his father, Emperor Heinrich IV , Leopold , together with his brother-in-law, Duke Boriwoy of Bohemia, fled from the side of Henry IV to that of his son. This made the situation of old Heinrich hopeless, he had to flee and died in Liège in 1106 as a hunted man . Agnes established a close relationship between Staufers and Babenbergers.

Agnes, who is over thirty years old, is said to have given birth to eighteen more children. It is possible that some of the children assigned to this connection actually come from their first marriage or the first marriage of Leopold. The following children are known by name from their second marriage:

∞ 1.) 1142 the imperial princess Gertrud , only daughter of Emperor Lothar III. (from Supplinburg)
∞ 2.) 1149 Theodora Komnena , Princess of Byzantium, († 1184), a niece of Emperor Manuel I of Byzantium
∞ 1139 Mary of Bohemia , († c. 1160) T. v. Soběslav I. Duke of Bohemia and the Adleyta Princess of Hungary ad H. the Árpáden
∞ Liutold Count of Plain , († 1164)
∞ 1125 Wladislaw II. Prince of Poland , Duke of Silesia (1138–1146), († 1159)
  • Judith of Austria, (* c. 1115, † after 1178)
∞ 1133 William V the Elder Margrave of Montferrat (Monferrato), † 1191 from the house of the Aleramides
∞ 1140 Vladislav II , 1140 Duke of Bohemia , King of Bohemia (1158–1172), † 1174 (from the Přemyslid family )
  • Elisabeth of Austria, (* c. 1123, † May 20, 1143)
∞ 1142 Count Hermann II of Winzenburg , 1123 Margrave of Meissen , Landgrave of Thuringia († January 29, 1152)
  • Bertha of Austria, (* c. 1124, † 1160)
∞ Henry III. Burgrave of Regensburg , Vogt of St. Emmeram andprüfunging, Count in the Danube Bend and at the lower Altmühl († 1174)

Like her second husband Leopold III, who was later canonized, she is buried in a crypt under the former chapter house of the Augustinian canons of Klosterneuburg , today's Leopold Chapel with the Verdun Altar. To the left of the lattice of the chapel, stairs lead down to the crypt, which is not open to the public.

In 1894 the Agnesgasse in Vienna- Döbling (19th district) was named after her. In 2009, the former Welfenplatz south of the monastery was renamed Hohenstaufenplatz and a Staufer stele in memory of Agnes was inaugurated.

Individual evidence

  1. Heinz Bühler : On the history of the early Staufer , in: Walter Ziegler (Hrsg.): Hohenstaufen. Stauferforschungen im Stauferkreis Göppingen , Göppingen 1977, pp. 1–44, here pp. 30–35
  2. ^ Klaus Graf : Staufer traditions from Lorch Abbey. In: Sönke Lorenz u. a. (Ed.): From Swabia to Jerusalem. Facets of Hohenstaufen history. Sigmaringen 1995, pp. 209-240 ( online ); Tobias Weller : On the way to the “Hohenstaufen house”. On the descent, relationship and connubium of the early Hohenstaufen. In: Hubertus Seibert, Jürgen Dendorfer (Ed.): Counts, dukes, kings. The rise of the Hohenstaufen and the empire (1079–1152). Ostfildern 2005, pp. 41–63, here pp. 56–63.
  3. Floridus Röhrig: The life of St. Leopold , in: Karl-Heinz Rueß (ed.): Babenberger and Staufer , Göppingen 1987, pp. 69–83, here: p. 72
  4. ^ Peter Koblank: Staufer graves. Only a few of the most prominent Hohenstaufen are buried in Germany on Retrieved September 10, 2014.
  5. Stauferstele Klosterneuburg on Retrieved September 10, 2014.

Web links

Commons : Agnes von Waiblingen  - Collection of images, videos and audio files