Alexei Ilyich Teneta

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Alexei Ilyich Teneta ( Russian Алексей Ильич Тенета ; born September 3 . Jul / 15. September  1899 greg. In Szczypiorno ; † 10. July 1972 in Moscow ) was a Russian sculptor .


Teneta's father was a forester in Szczypiorno. The family moved to Moscow , so that Teneta attended high school there. He spent a lot of time drawing and modeling . From 1910 he attended the Samoskworetschje art school, whose director was Boris Nikolayevich Ternowez .

Teneta's career began in Petrovsk after the October Revolution . In 1921 his bust of a Communard was placed in front of the Petrovsk Art School. In the same year he won first prize in a competition in Petrovsk for his project for a memorial to the 26 communists killed by the white cavalry . Teneta took part in Lenin's monumental propaganda program.

From 1921 to 1925 Teneta studied in Moscow at the Higher Artistic-Technical Workshops (WChUTEMAS) with Boris Danilowitsch Koroljow and Anton Michailowitsch Lawinski. During his studies his first memorial with the statue of the workers Bolsheviks waving the flag of the revolution was created . In 1925 at the exhibition of the WChUTEMAS diploma theses, he presented his two diploma theses, the Lenin memorial in October and the monument to the Volga tugs . In 1927 he became a member of the Society of Russian Sculptors and in 1929 a member of the Association of Artists of Revolutionary Russia .

Teneta created a number of sculptures , including the builder at lock No. 5 of the Moscow-Volga Canal , the athlete in Cherkisovo and the metallurgist in Makeyevka in the Donbas . His most famous project during this period was the monument of the Stakhanov movement for the exhibition Industry of Socialism . The central miner figure of this memorial was exhibited at the 1939 New York World's Fair . In 1937 the Gogol monument and in 1941 the monumental bust of the Kazakh national hero Amangeldy Imanow was created .

Teneta's monumental works during the German-Soviet War extolled heroism and patriotism. The Warlike Moscow and the Hero City Sevastopol were presented at the All Union Art Exhibition 1943–1944 from the project Cenotaphs of the Hero Cities . The relief with the snipers Natalja Wenediktowna Kowschowa and Marija Semjonowna Poliwanowa was commissioned by Awiaprom . 1943–1947 Teneta worked on the memorial for the partisans fighting against the advancing fascists on Lake Seliger , which was erected in 1958 in Ostashkow .

Fountain of Friendship of Peoples, Exhibition of Economic Achievements, Moscow

1951–1954 Teneta was involved with the architect Konstantin Tichonowitsch Topuridze and the sculptors Soja Wassiljewna Rylejewa and Iossif Moissejewitsch Tschaikow in the construction of the fountain of friendship at the exhibition of the economic achievements of the USSR in Moscow.

Teneta became best known with the monument he designed for the Fighters for Soviet Power in the Far East on the central square in Vladivostok , which was inaugurated in 1961. The architects were AS Ussachev and Yuri Andreevich Trautman . In the center of the three-part memorial complex stands a statue of a fighter of the People's Revolutionary Army with a flag in his right hand and a fanfare trumpet in his left hand, on a 30 m high plinth, which symbolizes the liberation from the Japanese interventionists with its view of the sea . The Fighters for Soviet Power in the Far East is inscribed on the front of the pedestal, while on the back the song of the partisans of the Amur can be read. The right (eastern) part with several figures on a low plinth is dedicated to the fall of the Tsarist rule in 1917, while the corresponding left part relates to the liberation of Vladivostok by the partisans.

In 1969 Teneta was honored as an Honored Artist of the RSFSR . Teneta's works can be found in the Tretyakov Gallery in Moscow, in the Russian Museum in St. Petersburg and in many regional museums and private collections.

Individual evidence

  1. a b c ArtInvestment.Ru: Тенета Алексей Ильич (accessed June 22, 2018).
  2. a b c d e Шмигельская Е. В .: Скульптор Алексей Ильич Тенета . Художник РСФСР, Moscow 1972.
  3. a b ARTRU: Тенета Алексей Ильич (accessed on June 22, 2018).
  4. Нефедов П. В .: Путеводитель по ВДНХ . Moscow 2014, ISBN 978-5-4330-0033-9 , pp. 88-162 .
  5. Марков В. М .: Здравствуй, Владивосток! (путеводитель-справочник) . Дальневосточное книжное издательство, Vladivostok 1988.
  6. Юрий Филатов: Борцам за власть Советов на Дальнем Востоке - 50 лет . In: Золотой Рог . No. April 31 , April 26, 2011 ( [accessed June 23, 2018]).