Elevated cardinal by Pope Pius IV in the consistory of February 26, 1561 at the young age of 20 , Gesualdo became cardinal deacon of Santa Cecilia in March of the same year and, after his ordination , cardinal priest of the same church from October 1563 , before becoming the titular church of Santa in 1572 Prisca changed and was cardinal priest of Sant'Anastasia from 1578 to 1579 , of San Pietro in Vincoli from 1579 to 1580 and of San Clemente from 1580 to 1583 . He was a member of the Curia and from 1564 Archbishop of Conza , which he on 23 April 1564 by Cardinal Francesco Pisani , the episcopal ordination received. Later Pope Gregory XIII appointed him . the cardinal bishop of Albano (1583), Sixtus V. cardinal Bishop of Frascati (1587) and 1589 Cardinal Bishop of Porto e Santa Rufina and Kardinalsubdekan . In 1591 he became Cardinal Bishop of Ostia and thus Dean of the College of Cardinals . In this capacity he headed the conclaves of 1591 and 1592 , on which the Popes Innocent IX. and then Clement VIII were chosen. He also became Archbishop of Naples in 1596 .
Alfonso's brother Fabrizio , Prince of Venosa , was a brother-in-law of Cardinal Carlo Borromeo . The connection with the Borromeo dynasty had lasting significance for the Gesualdo family for half a century. The composer Carlo Gesualdo was Alfonso's nephew.
- Simona Feci: Gesualdo, Alfonso. In: Mario Caravale (ed.): Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani (DBI). Volume 53: Gelati – Ghisalberti. Istituto della Enciclopedia Italiana, Rome 1999.
- Gesualdo, Alfonso. In: Salvador Miranda : The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church. ( Florida International University website), accessed October 23, 2016.
- Entry on Alfonso Gesualdo di Conza (Gonza) on catholic-hierarchy.org ; accessed on October 23, 2016.
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Gesualdo di Conza, Alfonso; Gesualdo di Gonza, Alfonso|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Cardinal of the Catholic Church|
|DATE OF BIRTH||October 20, 1540|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Calitri|
|DATE OF DEATH||February 14, 1603|
|Place of death||Naples|