Berthold Damcke

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Berthold Damcke;
after a photograph by Pierre Petit, engraved by P. Dujardin

Berthold Damcke (born February 6, 1812 in Hanover , † February 15, 1875 in Paris ) was a German composer , pianist , conductor , music teacher and critic, and newspaper correspondent .


Berthold Damcke was born in Hanover during the so-called " French era ". He first studied theology and later music in Frankfurt am Main as a pupil of Aloys Schmitt - who was appointed court organist and chamber musician to Duke Adolph von Cambridge in Hanover in 1826 - and of Ferdinand Ries . In 1834 Damcke joined the Royal Hanover Court Orchestra in his hometown "[...] probably for a short time" as a violist , which at the time was still performing in the palace opera house in the east wing of the Leineschloss . He continued to study piano and organ , however, and composed his first choral works .

Damcke later moved to Kreuznach , where he directed the local music association and the Liedertafel and wrote the oratorio Deborah . In 1837 Damcke went to Potsdam , where he conducted the local Philharmonic Society and the choral society for opera music , with which he performed his Christmas Oratorio in 1840 and the 23rd Psalm and an Ave Maria in 1841 . Also still in 1841 Berthold Damcke took over the position of a conductor in Königsberg . His opera Käthchen von Heilbronn premiered there in 1845 .

Listed grave stele Damckes in the Père Lachaise cemetery in Paris

In 1845 Damcke went to St. Petersburg as a piano teacher , where he also developed a rich activity as a sensitive music critic and (under the code "24.") wrote detailed articles for the German-language St. Petersburg newspaper (founded in 1727) . In 1855 he moved to Brussels . From 1859 Damcke lived and worked in Paris , where he worked as a correspondent for various German and Russian magazines. He also worked as a teacher at the Conservatoire . Berthold Damcke was friends with Hector Berlioz , whom he sponsored and whom he had met in 1847 on the occasion of his guest performance in St. Petersburg. In Paris he also taught the future patron Fanny Pelletan , who conceptually developed the complete edition of the works of Christoph Willibald Gluck suggested by Berlioz and presented the first three volumes on which Damcke collaborated.


Web links

Commons : Berthold Damcke  - Collection of images, videos and audio files


  1. ↑ Notwithstanding this, there have been significant deviations and / or additions to Vita Damckes in contemporary literature up to this point, such as the stays in Berlin and the award of the Golden Medal for Art; compare for example Carl Friedrich von Ledebur : Tonkünstler-Lexicon Berlin's from the oldest times to the present. Unchanged reprint of the original edition, Ludwig Rauh, Berlin 1861; H. Schneider, Tutzing / Berlin 1965, pp. 103f .; online through google books

Individual evidence

  1. a b c d e f g h Hugo Thielen : Damcke, Berthold. In: Dirk Böttcher , Klaus Mlynek, Waldemar R. Röhrbein, Hugo Thielen: Hannoversches Biographisches Lexikon . From the beginning to the present. Schlütersche, Hannover 2002, ISBN 3-87706-706-9 , p. 90.
  2. a b c d e f Willibald Gurlitt (Ed.): Damcke, Berthold. In: ders .: Riemann Musiklexikon , 12th completely revised edition in three volumes, Volume 1: Person section A – K. B. Schott's Sons, Mainz 1959, p. 362.
  3. ^ Weber:  Schmitt, Alois . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 32, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1891, pp. 42-45.
  4. ^ Hugo Thielen: Castle Theater, also Castle Opera House. In: Stadtlexikon Hannover . P. 544.
  5. Reinmar Emans, Ulrich Krämer (Hrsg.): Music editions in the course of history (= building blocks for the history of the edition , vol. 5). De Gruyter, Berlin / Boston (Massachusetts), ISBN 978-3-11-044090-4 and ISBN 978-3-11-043436-1 and ISBN 3-11-044090-3 , 2015, p. 262; online through google books