Bombino Bianco

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Bombino Bianco
Synonyms Trebbiano d'Abruzzo - for more see the Synonyms section
Bombino Bianco
Art Grape vine ( Vitis vinifera subsp. Vinifera )
Berry color White
origin Italy
VIVC no. 1533
List of grape varieties

Bombino Bianco is an Italian white wine variety and is grown in the regions of Abruzzo , Apulia , Emilia-Romagna , Lazio and Marche . The late-ripening and very high-yielding variety is identical to the Trebbiano d'Abruzzo and is grown on around 3600 ha (together with the areas of the Trebbiano d'Abruzzo one even comes to 15600 ha of vineyards). Small plantings are also known in Argentina .

Important DOC wines, some of which also contain Bombino Bianco as blends, are Biferno , Castel del Monte , Leverano , Pentro di Isernia , San Severo , Trebbiano d'Abruzzo and Locorotondo . In the DOC white wine Pagadebit di Romagna as well as certain table wines from Abruzzo, the variety is also matured in one variety.

In some regions the variety is also called Pagadebito , which translates as “debt payer”. The name comes from the fact that the farmer was able to pay the debts made during the wine year through the Bombino Bianco, because the variety is so hardy and fertile. In Germany it was a popular table grape under the name Udva Doro.

The red grape variety Bombino Nero , which is found on around 2000 hectares in the Apulia region, is not related to Bombino Bianco.

See also the articles Viticulture in Italy and Viticulture in Argentina and the list of grape varieties .

Ampelographic varietal characteristics

In ampelography , the habitus is described as follows:

  • The shoot tip is open. It is very hairy white wool with a slightly reddish tinge. The yellowish young leaves are hairy with fine flames.
  • The medium-sized dark green leaves are five-lobed and deeply indented (see also the article leaf shape ). The stalk bay is lyren-shaped open or closed. The blade is bluntly serrated. The teeth are medium-sized compared to the grape varieties.
  • The conical to cylindrical grape is medium to large, shouldered and loose berries. The round berries are large and whitish - golden in color.

Bombino Bianco ripens approx. 30 days after the Gutedel and is one of the late-ripening grape varieties of the middle third ripening period (see the chapter in the article grape variety). It is a variety of the noble grapevine ( Vitis vinifera ). It has hermaphroditic flowers and is therefore self-fruiting. In viticulture , the economic disadvantage of not having to grow male plants that produce yield is avoided.


VIVC lists 78 synonyms: Abondante, Bambino, Bambino Peloso Gentile, Bammino, Banjac, Bilana, Bilina, Bjelina, Bobbino, Bommino, Bon Vino, Bonvino, Bonvino Bianco, Buon Vino, Buonvino, Buonvino Bianco, Butta Palmento, Butta Pezzente, Buttspezzante, Calatammurro, Calpolese, Camblese, Campanile, Campolese, Campolese Camplese, Campolese Chiuso, Campolese Scinciaro, Campolese Sciniato, Carapa, Castella, Cococciola, Cola Tamburo, Colatamburro, Colatammurro, Donnee, Maritese, Debit, Ottenese, Ottonese, Pagadebic, Pagadebit, Pagadebiti, Poulzhinatz, Pulizanac, Puljizanac, Puljizanac Beli, Ribola, Ripona, Scacciadebiti, Schiacciadebiti, Straccia Cambiale, Strappa Cambiale, Tivolese D'Bianco, Trebietbiano, Trebiano Campiano Bianco, Trebietbiano, Trebiano Campiano Bianco D'oro, Trebbiano Di Avezzano, Trebbiano Di Macerata, Trebbiano Di Teramo, Trebbiano Dorato Di Teramo, Treolina, Treolina Bianca, Treolina D'esola, Treolina D'isola, Trevolina, Trivolese, Uva Castellana, Uva Da Un Osso, Uva Fermana, Uva Romana, Zapponara Bianca .

The Trebbiano family of vines

In the study Genetic studies on Trebbiano and morphologically related varieties by SSR and AFLP markers , published in 2001 , it was found that there are hardly any family ties between the many Trebbiano varieties. Morphologically alone, the varieties share similar characteristics such as the whitish-yellow berry color, the size of the grapes, the late ripeness and the strong vigor. According to a hypothesis by Thomas Hohnerlein-Buchinger from 1996, the name does not come from the Trebulanus variety mentioned by Pliny , but from the Franconian term Draibio , which stands for strong vigor. During the conquest of the Langobard Empire, Charlemagne ensured that the vineyards that were fallow after the retreat of the Romans were quickly replanted and recommended vigorous varieties.

Individual evidence

  1. Synonyms at VIVC ,, accessed on August 29, 2019
  2. M Labra, M Winfield, A Ghiani, F Grassi, F Sala, A Scienza, O Failla Genetic studies on Trebbiano and morphologically related varieties by SSR and AFLP markers


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