Newton Booth Tarkington (born July 29, 1869 in Indianapolis , Indiana , † May 19, 1946 ibid) was an American writer .
Tarkington was the son of attorney John S. Tarkington and his wife Elizabeth Booth Tarkington. He got his first name "Booth" after his maternal uncle, Newton Booth , the 11th Governor of California and US Senator .
Tarkington attended Shortridge High School in his hometown and later moved to the Philipps Exeter Academy in Exeter, New Hampshire . He then began studying at Purdue University and moved to Princeton University two years later . The family was able to afford this despite the start-up crash (→ Great Depression ).
In 1902 Tarkington married Laurel Fletcher and had a daughter with her, Laurel (1906–1923). In 1911, the couple divorced and the following year Tarkington married Susannah K. Robinson for a second time.
Tarkington began to lose his sight in the twenties and was completely blind after a few years. He dictated his other works to a secretary. In 1923 he settled in his hometown and stayed there until the end of his life. Regular trips took him to Kennebunkport ( Maine ) to his holiday home.
Booth Tarkington died on May 19, 1946 in Indianapolis, where he was buried in Crown Hill Cemetery .
Tarkington authored the foreword to the book New Lands (1923) by parascientific Charles Fort and in 1931 was a founding member of the Fortean Society.
His debut novel The Gentleman from Indiana (1899) was followed by numerous other works such as Monsieur Beaucaire (1900), The Two Vanrevels (1902), Penrod (1914), The Turmoil (1915), Penrod and Sam (1916) and Seventeen (1917). He has also appeared in Harper's Magazine and the weekly The Saturday Evening Post . In 1945 he was awarded the William Dean Howells Medal by the American Academy of Arts and Letters for his complete work.
Many of his works were also made into films . In 1930 Monsieur Beaucaire was released in cinemas under the title Montecarlo by Ernst Lubitsch . 1935 followed Alice Adams directed by George Stevens with Katharine Hepburn in the title role, for which she received an Oscar nomination for best actress in 1936 . In 1942, The Magnifent Ambersons was directed by Orson Welles with Joseph Cotten and Dolores Costello in the lead roles .
- 1908 elected member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters
- 1919 Pulitzer Prize for the novel The Magnificent Ambersons (1918)
- 1922 Pulitzer Prize for the novel Alice Adams (1921)
- 1922 elected first President of PEN America
- 1931 O. Henry Memorial Award for his short story Cider of Normandy
- Honorary doctorates from Purdue University and Columbia University
- On plays, playwrights, and playgoers. Selections from the letters of Booth Tarkington to George C. Tyler and John Peter Toohey , 1918-1925 . University Press, Princeton, NJ 1959.
- Your amiable uncle. Letters to his nephews . Bobbs-Merrill, Indianapolis 1949.
- The two Vanrevels . McClure, New York 1902.
- In the arena. Stories of the political life (American Short Stories Series; Vol. 27). Garden City, New York 1905.
- Seventeen . In: James L. Mafetti et al. a. (Ed.): Perspective on sexuality. A literary collection . Holt, Rhinehart & Winston, New York 1971, ISBN 0-0308-2826-0 .
- Captain Schlotterwerz . In: Roy J. Holmes (Ed.): War stories . Thomas Y. Crowell Publ., New York 1919, pp. 276-298.
- Now, Ripley, please! in: The Saturday Evening Post (Ed.): Post Stories of 1939 . Little, Brown, Boston, Mass. 1938.
- Looking Forward and Others . Doubleday, Garden City 1926.
- Horse and Buggy Days . In: Cosmopolitan Magazine , September 1936.
- US In: Marriage. Short stories of married life . Tauchnitz, Leipzig 1924 (in English)
- Poe's Run and other poems . New York 1904 (with McCready Sykes).
- The gentleman from Indiana . AMS Press, New York 1970 (EA New York 1899).
Monsieur Beaucaire . Grosset & Dunlop, New York 1900.
- German translation: Monsieur Beaucaire (Weltgeist books; vol. 380). Weltgeist-Bücher- Verlagsgesellschaft, Berlin 1929.
- Old gray eagle . 1901.
- Cherry . Harper, New York 1901.
- The beautiful lady . McClure, New York 1905.
- The Conquest of Canaan . Gregg Press, Upper Saddle River 1970 (reprint of New York 1905 edition)
- The guest of Quesnay . McClure, New York 1907.
- His own people . Doubleday Page, New York 1907.
- Beasley's Christmas Party . Harper, New York 1909.
- Penrod. His complete story . Doubleday, Garden City 1949.
- The spring concert . The Ridgeway Press, New York 1916.
- The rich man's was . National Security League, New York 1917.
- Growth Trilogy . Harper, New York 1915ff
- The tower oil. A novel . 1915.
- The magnificent Ambersons . 1918.
- German translation: The proud Ambersons. Novel . Morgarten-Verlag, Zurich 1945 (translated by NO Scarpi ).
- National Avenue . 1927 (former title: The midlander , 1924).
- Harlequin and Columbine Doubleday Page, New York 1921.
- Alice Adams . Grosset & Dunlop, New York 1921.
- Gentle Julia . Doubleday Page, New York 1922.
The Plutocrat . 1927.
- German translation: The man with the dollars . Verlag Tal, Vienna 1929.
- Women . Books for Libraires, Freeport NY 1971 (reprint of Garden City 1925)
- Claire Ambler . Tauchnitz, Leipzig 1928 (in English)
- The world does move . Tauchnitz, Leipzig 1928 (in English)
- Mirthful Haven . Heine, London 1930.
- Mary's Neck . Doubleday Doran, New York 1932.
- Presenting Lily Mars . Doubleday, Garden City 1933.
- Rumbin Galleries. Romantic novel . Doubleday Doran, Garden City 1937.
Little Orvie . Doubleday Doran, Garden City 1934.
- German translation: Little Orvie . Ibis-Verlag, Vienna 1948.
- The heritage of Hatcher Ide . Doubleday Doran, Garden City 1941.
- Kate Fennigate . Doubleday Doran, Garden City 1943.
- Image of Josephine . Doubleday Doran, Garden City 1945.
- The Show Piece. A novel . Doubleday Doran, Garden City 1947.
- The man from home . Harper, New York 1908 (with Harry Leon Wilson )
- Colonel Satan, or A Night in the Life of Aaron Burr .
- The humble servant. A play . Rosenfeld, New York 1910 (with Harry Leon Wilson).
- The Beauty and the Jacobin. An Interlude of the French Revolution . Harper, New York 1912.
- The flirt . Grosset & Dunlop, New York 1913.
- The Gibson Upright. A play . Doubleday Page, New York 1919 (with Harry Leon Wilson)
- Ramsey Mulholland . Doubleday Page, New York 1919.
- The country cousins. A comedy in four acts . French Publ., New York 1921.
- How is your health? A comedy in 3 acts French Publ., New York 1921 (with Harry Leon Wilson)
- The intimate strangers. A comedy in three acts . French Publ., New York 1921.
- Clarence. A comedy in four acts . French Publ., New York 1921.
- The ghost story. A one-act play for persons of no great age . Stewart Kidd Press, Cincinnati 1922.
- The Wren. A comedy in three acts . French Publ., New York 1922.
- Magnolia. A play in three acts. First performed on August 27, 1923 at the Liberty Theater in New York, produced by Alfred E. Aarons .
- Some old portraits. A book about art and human beings . Books for Libraries, Freeport NY 1969 (reprint of Garden City 1939).
- Work editions
- John Beecroft (Ed.): The gentleman of Indiana. A treasury of Booth Tarkington . Doubleday, Garden City, NY 1957.
- Works . Doubleday Page, Garden City, NY 1922/32 (27 vols.).
- 1915: The gentleman from Indiana - Directed by Frank Lloyd
- 1921: The conquest of Canaan - Director: Roy William Neill
- 1922: The Dollar Princess' castles in the air - Director: George Fitzmaurice
- 1924: The turmoil - Director: Hobart Henley
- 1924: Monsieur Beaucaire, the Royal Barber - Directed by Sidney Olcott
- 1925: Pampered Youth - Director: David Smith
- 1930: Monte Carlo - Director: Ernst Lubitsch (based on the novel "Monsieur Beaucaire")
- Remake 1946: With Brush and Sword (Monsieur Beaucaire) - Director: George Marshall
- 1955 remake: Monsieur Beaucaire - Director: Alan Cooke
- 1935: Mississippi - Director: A. Edward Sutherland
- 1940: Little Orvie - Director: Fay McCarey
- 1942: The Magnificent Ambersons (The magnificent Ambersons) - Director: Orson Welles
- Remake 2002: The magnificent Ambersons - Director: Alfonso Arau
- 1951: Romance with Obstacles (On Moonlight Bay) - Director: Roy del Ruth (based on the novel "Alice Adams")
- 1953: does Marjorie get married? (By the Light of the Silvery Moon) - Directed by David Butler
- Barton Currie: Booth Tarkington. A bibliography . Doubleday Doran, Garden City, NY 1932.
- Keith J. Fennimore: Booth Tarkington (Twayne's United States authors series; Vol. 238). Twayne, New York 1974.
- Robert Cortes Holliday: Booth Tarkington . BiblioBazaar, 2009, ISBN 1-110-12867-3
- Brother S. Lanning: Criticism in American periodicals of the prose fiction of Booth Tarkington from 1899 to 1969 . University Press, Washington, DC 1972.
- Susanah Mayberry: My amiable Uncle. Recollections about Booth Tarkington . University Press, West Lafayette, Ind. 1986, ISBN 0-911198-66-0 .
- Erwin Panofsky (arrangement): An exhibition of Booth Tarkington's works in the "treasury room" of the Princeton University Library . Princeton University 1946 (catalog of the exhibition of the same name, March to April 1946).
- Dorothy R. Russo, Thelma L. Sullivan: A bibliography of Booth Tarkington. 1869-1946 . Indiana Historical Society, Indianapolis 1949.
- Adam J. Sorkin: Booth Tarkington and Sinclair Lewis . Two realists as social historians . University Press, Chapel Hill, NC 1972.
- John E. Torrents: Booth Tarkington. A man of the theater . Dissertation, Indiana University 1974.
- James L. Woodress: Booth Tarkington. Gentleman from Indiana . Greenwood Press, New York 1969.
- Literature by and about Booth Tarkington in the catalog of the German National Library
- Literature by and about Booth Tarkington in the WorldCat bibliographic database
- Booth Tarkington in the nndb (English)
- Booth Tarkington in the Internet Movie Database (English)
- Booth Tarkington in the database of Find a Grave (English)
- Biography (The Literature Network)
- Biography (My Kenne Bunks)
- ↑ Members: Booth Tarkington. American Academy of Arts and Letters, accessed April 28, 2019 (with information on awards).
- ^ Apart from Tarkington, only William Faulkner and John Updike have won this award twice.
- ↑ The 1920s: PEN's Founding and Early Years , March 6, 2012. Accessed January 15, 2020.
- ↑ Contents: "Looking Forward", "Nipskillions", "The hopeful pessimist", "Stars in the dust-heap", "The golden age" and "Happiness now".
- ↑ Contents: "Penrod and Sam" (1914) and "Penrod Jashber" (1929).
- ↑ First performed on Broadway in January 1931 .
- ↑ The Broadway League: Magnolia - Broadway Play - Original | IBDB. Retrieved August 17, 2017 .
- ↑ Gerald Bordman: American Theater: A Chronicle of Comedy and Drama 1914-1930 . 1995, ISBN 978-0-19-509078-9 , pp. 212 ( google.de [accessed on August 17, 2017]).
- ↑ Booth Tarkington (Google Books)
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Tarkington, Newton Booth (full name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||American writer|
|DATE OF BIRTH||July 29, 1869|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Indianapolis , Indiana|
|DATE OF DEATH||May 19, 1946|
|Place of death||Indianapolis , Indiana|