Litice nad Orlicí Castle

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Litice nad Orlicí Castle
Litice Castle

Litice Castle

Alternative name (s): Lititz Castle
Creation time : End of the 13th century
Place: Záchlumí u Žamberka
Geographical location 50 ° 5 '9 "  N , 16 ° 21' 6"  E Coordinates: 50 ° 5 '9 "  N , 16 ° 21' 6"  E
Litice nad Orlicí Castle (Czech Republic)
Litice nad Orlicí Castle
Litice Castle just after the entrance
Castle building

The litice castle ( Castle Lititz ) located in the municipality Záchlumí seven kilometers west of Žamberk , in the Ústí nad Orlicí District in the Czech Republic .


Litice Castle is located in the Eagle Foothills on the Wild Eagle . Neighboring towns are Pekelec and Rybná nad Zdobnici in the north, Záchlumí in the northeast, Žamberk in the east, Česka Rybná in the southeast, Sopotnice in the south, Brná and Potštejn with the castle of the same name as well as Záměl in the southwest, Doudleby in the west and Vamberk in the northwest.


The castle was built at the end of the 13th century during the colonization of the area by the Přemyslids . It was first mentioned in a document in 1304, when King Wenceslaus II exchanged Litice with Botho von Bothenstein ( Půta z Potštejna ) for other lands. The Bohemian King John of Luxembourg pledged the castle to Heinrich von Leipa . John's son Charles IV later bought back some of the pledged royal castles, including Litice. Nevertheless, Litice was later mortgaged again to the Lords of Lichtenburg .

In 1371 Litice became the property of the lords of Podebrady and Kunstadt , who came from the noble family of the lords of Kunstadt . In 1389 Boček II of Poděbrady acquired further lands around Litice and the village of Kunvald . He was followed in 1417 by his son Viktorin of Podebrady . After his death in 1427 his son, the future King of Bohemia, George of Podebrady, inherited the castle and estate of Litice . He had the castle fortified with defensive walls in 1450–1468 .

After Georg's death in 1471 and the division of the estate in 1472, Litice fell to his eldest son Boček von Podiebrad , who before 1491 gave it to his brother Heinrich the Elder. Ä. left. This had Litice, which includes semi Žamberk and Chotzen and Kunvald and some villages in the area were, in 1495 to the highest steward of the Kingdom of Bohemia, Wilhelm II. Of Pernštejn to sell to repay the debt of his participation in the wars against Matthias Corvinus to settle . Wilhelm von Pernstein also received Pottenstein Castle , to which he moved his administrative seat, which made Litice Castle less important. In 1507 he bequeathed his fortune to his sons Johann and Adalbert , who also received Litice. After Adalbert's death in 1534, his fortune went to his brother Johann, who bequeathed it to his eldest son Jaroslav . Due to indebtedness, he had to sell the family inheritance in 1556 to the pledge holder of the County of Glatz , Ernst Duke of Bavaria , who sold Litice to Václav Okrouhlický Kněnic the Elder a year later .

In 1562 Nikolaus von Bubna ( Mikuláš z Bubna az Litic ) bought Litice and expanded the lands to include the fortress Doudleby and the other half of Žamberk. Since the von Bubna family resided in Senftenberg , Litice Castle lost its importance. It is said to have been partially derelict as early as 1657. Some of the buildings were still used as war granaries. Franz Adam von Bubna ( František Adam z Bubna az Litic ) sold Litice to Weriand Alfred zu Windisch-Graetz in 1809 , from whom it was acquired by John Parish von Senftenberg in 1815 . His nephew Oskar Parish von Senftenberg (1864–1925) initiated renovations to the castle ruins from 1890–1896, which were continued by his son Karl Parish-Senftenberg from 1933–1935. He was expropriated in 1948 and emigrated to Canada. The castle became state property.

Web links

Commons : Litice (castle)  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Martin Šandera: Jindřich I. Minsterberkský - První Hrabě Kladský a jeho majetková základna. In: Kladský sborník 6, 2005, ISSN  1212-1223 , pp. 7–21, here pp. 13–14.
  2. History of Lititz Castle (Czech)