|Location of Cotabato in the Maguindanao Province|
|District:||2. District of Maguindanao|
|Income class :||2nd income bracket|
May 1, 2000 census
August 1, 2015 census
|Population density :||1701 inhabitants per km²|
|Area :||176.0 km²|
|Postal code :||9600|
|Area code :||+63 64|
|Mayor :||Muslim woman G. Sema|
|Geographical location in the Philippines|
Origin of name
The city takes its name from a stone fortress, as the name is derived from the word kuta from the Maguindanao language, which means fortress and Wato for stone . By the Spanish colonialists, the term changed kota wato into tonight Cotabato .
Cotabato City is located 1294 km from Manila removed and the north by the Rio Grande de Mindanao, the longest river in Mindanao , separate from the administrative municipality Sultan Kudarat. The town is bordered by the municipality of Kabuntalan to the east and the municipality of Datu Odin Sinsuat to the south . To the west is the Gulf of Moro .
Demographics and language
More than 50% of the population belong to the ethnic group of the Maguindanaon . Over 14%, on the other hand, see themselves as Cebuano, 10% as Tagalog, while more than 7% describe themselves as Iranon. 19% belong to other ethnic groups or do not belong to any of the aforementioned.
In terms of their economic roles, the Luzon and Visayas migrants are mostly represented in the hairdressing, cotton industry, agribusiness and local businesses. The Maguindanao Muslims, on the other hand, are more likely to be fishermen, dock workers, goldsmiths or farmers.
The Chinese minority, represented in the city, has a monopoly on the commercial types of business.
Cotabato City is politically divided into 37 barangays .
Note: Población (Spanish for population) refers to several barangays in the center of a municipality in the Philippines.
The history of Cotabato goes back to the 15th century. Around 1475 the Arab missionary Shariff Mohammed Kabungsuwan reached the banks of the Rio Grande de Mindanao and instructed the locals in the teachings of Islam after his arrival . It was the belief of Islam that helped the early settlers to a communal way of life and established the Sultanate of Maguindanao in the plains of Cotabato. The sultanate reached its heyday in the 17th century under the leadership of Sultan Muhammad Dipatuan Kudarat at a time when Cotabato was developing into the capital of Maguindanao .
The sultanate's influence began to diminish when peace treaties were signed between the Spanish in 1789 and 1794, respectively. Sultan “Kawasa” Anwar ud-Din also accepted an offer of peace from the Spanish in 1805. However, all peace treaties did not last long, as they brought with them the resentment of the Muslim residents. Sultan Quadrahtullah finally initiated trade relations with the Spanish colonial power, which led to the establishment of a trading house in Cotabato.
In the 19th century, under the rule of Sultan Makakua, roads and shipyards were built that already formed the framework of today's Cotabatos. In 1851 the Spaniards occupied the port of Polluc and around 1860 the Spanish military government of Mindanao organized the formation of a central district with Polluc and Cotabato. The later community of Cotabato, however, did not develop until the late 19th century, when the Spanish established a military post in Baranggay Tamontaka, one of the first Christian settlements.
On June 1, 1903, during the American era, Act No. 787 established the Moro Province of Mindanao. This consisted of 5 district provinces, one of which was the province of Cotabato. On October 29, 1903, the provincial legislature ordered the formation of the parishes of Cotabato and Makaramong.
On June 1, 1950, the municipality of Cotabato was elevated to an administrative municipality of the first income category by Executive Order No. 466 . 9 years later, on June 20, 1959, the Republic Act No. 2364 came into force from the municipality to a notarized city.
When the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao was established on August 1, 1989 with Republic Act No. 6734, there was a vote in the provinces and cities of Mindanao about belonging to the new, self-governing district. While the majority of residents of Maguindanao Province voted for membership, residents of Cotabato City rejected it. On November 6, 1990, the ARMM district was officially inaugurated and Cotabato City was named provisional district capital, which it has remained until now.
Today, Cotabato City is the seat of two district administrations: that of District XII, SOCCSKSARGEN , and that of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao . The city is the center of economic activities such as trade and finance, as well as education, and it is the social and cultural hub of central Mindanao.
The climate in the urban area can be characterized by recurring rainfall throughout the year. Compared to other regions in the Philippines, Cotabato has the lowest number of cloudy or overcast days.
The average temperature is 25.5 ° C. In April, temperatures can rise to 27 ° C on a monthly average.
- The Kutang Bato Hölen
- The Cotabato City Hall
- Our Lady of Lourdes Grotto
- Tantawan Hills & Garden
- The Rio Grande De Mindanao
- Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Masjid
Sons and daughters
- Deogracias Iñiguez (* 1940), Catholic clergyman, Bishop Emeritus of Kalookan
- José Colin Mendoza Bagaforo (* 1954), Catholic clergyman, Bishop of Kidapawan