The fiery red playmobile

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Television series
Original title The fiery red playmobile
Country of production Germany
original language German
Year (s) 1972 - 1981
length 30 minutes
Episodes 184
genre Children's series
idea Harald Hohenacker ,
Philipp Sonntag ,
Raimund Ulbrich
First broadcast April 21, 1972 on
German television
(start of production 1969)

The fire-red play mobile was a children's television series broadcast from April 21, 1972 to July 12, 1981 for children from preschool age. A total of 184 episodes of the series produced by Bayerischer Rundfunk were broadcast in the afternoon program of ARD .


The show was developed from 1969 as the successor to the children's series Spielschule and shot in Munich. It came about because those responsible for the BR in Sesame Street did not see the social situation in Germany correctly presented and therefore needed a replacement program.

The program sought to implement a fundamentally new concept of children's television and completely dispensed with studio-produced program parts. It was recorded in the Spielmobil and at different locations. A red minibus equipped as a camera car drove through the country and showed real encounters with people and their stories.

At the beginning of the series, the playmobile was a converted Opel Blitz . The aim of the series was to stimulate the imagination of the audience and to teach social interaction. In the first five episodes, the two dolls Maxifant and Minifant played in the series, but they got their own series because the production partners split up. Instead, the dog dolls Biff and Wuff (designed by Jan Gulbransson ) and the cartoon character Wumi were used.

Several fairy tales were retold during the episodes, especially Grimm's fairy tales such as Little Red Riding Hood , Doctor All-Knowing and The Brave Little Tailor . In addition, stories were told with Felix ( Uwe Falkenbach ) and brother Tom ( Erich Schleyer ), 25 episodes of which have appeared on DVD, the thin Mr Schwarz ( Josef Schwarz ) and the fat Mr Kern ( Peter Kern ) as well as the dream mobile . The longest-lived and best-known series within the series was Das Haus with the number 30 , it ran from 1977 to 1979 with 41 episodes.

Other well-known contributors from the theater and cabaret scene were z. B. Jörg Hube , Anja Franke , Michael Habeck , Frithjof Vierock , Philipp Sonntag and Marion Kracht .

At that time, television technology was new to fairy tale representations using blue screen technology . B. Doctor Omniscient , The Blue Light , The Brave Little Tailor or The Old Sultan . Further episodes ran under the title Stories with Philipp Sonntag and his dream mobile , Kern and Schwarz , Felix and Brother Tom . A total of 184 episodes of this children's television series were produced and broadcast.

In spring 2009, through the agency of Auto Bild , the German Opel Museum acquired the original car (an Opel Blitz , built in 1962) of the first season, which has remained almost unchanged, from its last owner. His brother bought the playmobile from BR in the early 1980s and took it with him to Otjiwarongo in Namibia when they emigrated .


In the opening credits , Munich cityscapes and the Spielmobil were shown driving through Munich . Eberhard Schoener composed the music for 36 episodes.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Dieter Schäfer: The development of the game show in children's television of the Bavarian broadcasting company . Diplomica, 1997, ISBN 978-3-8324-0167-2 .
  2. Dirk Ulf Stötzel: The magazine "Die Sendung mit der Maus": Analysis of an editorial and program concept . O. Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden 1990, ISBN 978-3-447-02991-9 .
  3. The fire-red playmobile (1972–1981). Episode List. Internet Movie Database
  4. a b Preschool TV: “It rattles in the box”. The stormy "Sesame Streets" spring is followed by a hot TV preschool autumn. Bayerischer Rundfunk is showing a completely redesigned “Feuerrotes Spielmobil”, while ZDF is opening a “Rappelkiste”. Both early education series are intended to encourage toddlers to “act autonomously” - reason for further cheers and protests. In: Der Spiegel . No. 40 , 1973, pp. 174-177 ( Online - Oct. 1, 1973 ).
  5. Silke Burmester: When the dolls learned to fidget. “Sesame Street” turns 40. Its protagonists: outsiders, wild and chaotic. This has shaped: a whole generation. Enthusiasm with some, refusal with Bayern. The time of January 3, 2013
  6. a b c Hans Dieter Stötzel, Dirk Ulf Erlinger: History of children's television in the Federal Republic of Germany. Development processes and trends. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellschaft Spiess, Berlin 1991, ISBN 3-89166-123-1 .
  7. a b c Bernd Schorb: Educational television. In: History of television in the Federal Republic of Germany, Volume 3, information broadcasts and documentary broadcasts. (Ed .: Peter Ludes, Heidemarie Schumacher, Peter Zimmermann), Verlag Wilhelm Fink, Munich 1994, ISBN 3-7705-2802-6 , pp. 203-212.
  8. Melchior Schedler: Children's television differently. Drafts for an emancipatory television. DuMont Verlag, 1975, ISBN 3-7701-0777-2 .
  9. Hans-Dieter Kübler: From the television kindergarten to the multimedia children's portal. 50 years of children's television in the Federal Republic of Germany. T ELEV IZI ON . Edition 14/2001/2, International Central Institute for Youth and Educational Television (IZI)
  10. ^ Katharina Henning: 50 Years of Bavarian Television . Bayerischer Rundfunk (with photos: Das Feuerrote Spielmobil 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12).
  11. Elke Schlote: Educational television historical (1.3 MB). Internationales Zentralinstitut für das Jugend- und Bildungsfernsehen (IZI) , Munich, accessed on September 1, 2017 “The preschool formats Die Spielschule (1969) and Das feuerrote Spielmobil (1972–1981) were based on a narrative concept in 30-minute format, which the wanted to document the real world and managed without studio parts. A situation should be experienced in a calm narrative flow. The fiery red playmobile wanted to be a permanent experiment in »critical experience«. The camera follows the fiery red car that drives around and films. It was like a liberation against the previous children's programs: without a fixed location, “outside”, “no ghetto with a closed doll or human society” ”(p. 17).
  12. a b c d e The fire-red playmobile. D 1972–1981, 184 episodes, German first broadcast on ARD: April 21, 1972. .
  13. ^ Schmidbauer: The history of children's television in the Federal Republic of Germany: a documentation (series of publications Internationales Zentralinstitut für das Jugend - und Bildungsfernsehen, Volume 21). De Gruyter Verlag Saur, 1987, ISBN 3-598-20761-1 ( inter alia p. 99).
  14. a b Fire-red Play Mobile: Return. A legend returns home. In the 70s and 80s every child knew this car: the fiery red play mobile, TV cult box from the children's series of the same name. The original was lost for decades, now the Opel Blitz is back! Car picture dated May 8, 2009.
  15. Hans-Dieter Kübler: From a television kindergarten to a multimedia children's portal - 50 years of children's television in the Federal Republic of Germany. International Central Institute for Youth and Educational Television (IZI) April 9, 2002, p. 9
  16. a b Bayerischer Rundfunk - January – June 1978 program. Published by Bayerischer Rundfunk, Munich (PDF): Das feuerrote Spielmobil (p. 160) “The first 13 broadcasts are repeats of the successful fairy tale series from 1975/1976 “Fire-red play mobiles” (based on the stories of the Brothers Grimm) attracted considerable attention at the time. They do not describe bizarre people or antiquated worlds, but rather show the personal and social motives of the fairy tale heroes so that the children can compare them with their own experiences and problems. How well this has succeeded is also shown by the great popularity of the adults, who in turn were able to gain new insights from the fairy tales of the Brothers Grimm. Following these 13 fairy tale broadcasts, "Das feuerrote Spielmobil" shows the first 30 film stories that were developed for the series years ago. They are closely related to the conception of the fairy tale stories, since they also focus on understanding social behavior. ... "
  17. a b Bayerischer Rundfunk - January – June 1978 program. Published by Bayerischer Rundfunk, Munich (PDF): Das feuerrote Spielmobil (p. 126): “At the beginning of May 1978,“ Das feuerrote Spielmobil ”puts its stories from the house number 30 away. It has been shown that the conception of the 18 programs produced in 1977 was very popular with the children, but also with their parents and grandparents. The meaning of the conception to tell episodes from the life and problems of the residents of the house with number 30 is: to emphasize the interests of both children and adults equally. Not infrequently, like adults, children try to assert their own interests. The house number 30 is an attempt to show how children and adults can get along better if they learn to be responsive to one another. The authors tell primarily for the five to eight year olds with the intention of explaining actions and problems. What is appropriate for children should be to give the children the feeling and the insight that they are on an equal footing with adults. But they should also be curious and be just as interested in the interests of adults as they are in their own. ... "
  18. Sandra Caviola: Preschool Children and Violence in the Children's Program. A qualitative study of the reception of violent television content by preschool children. LIT Verlag, Münster, Berlin, Leipzig, Vienna, Hamburg, London, Zurich, New York 2001, ISBN 3-8258-5225-3 , p. 58: »Television suddenly became an instrument, triggered by success reports from abroad Early support was discovered and the “scapegoat” became an “educational emergency helper” ... In 1969, the Bavarian Broadcasting Corporation introduced the “Spielschule” [from which the second preschool program “Das feuerrote Spielmobil” was later developed and went on air from 1972 onwards), the WDR a year later, the "Lach- und Sachgeschichten" [which later resulted in "Die Sendung mit der Maus"]. ... Overall, children's television experienced an enormous boom in the 1970s, so that in this context people often speak of the heyday of this genre. "
  19. The fire-red playmobile. 1972-1981 (ARD). 184 pcs. Children's series.
  20. Cartoon character Wumi: "Another important figure is Wumi, a comic figure, a comic figure who develops its properties and skills directly from their needs." Source: Bayerischer Rundfunk - Winter program 1973/74 (p. 136). Published by the BR (archive).
  21. DVD overview ( Memento from May 21, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) on
  22. The fiery red playmobile - the house with the number 30 (DVDs). Episode 1-23. 644 min. Weltbild , actors: Peter Kern, Jörg Hube, Erich Schleyer, Anja Franke, Marion Kracht , directors: Jochen Richter, Peter Emmer .
  23. The fiery red playmobile returns home | ARD-alpha. Program from June 7, 2010.
  24. Hauke ​​Schrieber: TV cult bus found in Namibia. on the world of May 1st. 2013, accessed December 2, 2013.
  25. An encounter with the composer and conductor Eberhard Schoener. ( Memento from September 24, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Schwäbisches Tagblatt from January 4, 2011 (archive) ( Memento from September 24, 2015 in the Internet Archive ).
  26. Eberhard Schoener, conductor. on , accessed on December 2, 2013