Franz Carl Endres

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Franz Carl Endres (1915)

Franz Carl Endres (born December 17, 1878 in Munich , † March 10, 1954 in Muttenz-Freidorf ) was a Bavarian officer , historian , writer . He belonged to the Freemasons .



Franz Carl Endres was the son of Lieutenant General of the Bavarian Army Karl Ritter von Endres (1847–1907) and his wife Sophie, née Scheel called Gebel. Endres married Margaretha von Pieverling in 1900, with whom he had two children.

Military career

Endres graduated from the Wilhelmsgymnasium in Munich in 1897 and then joined the infantry body regiment of the Bavarian Army in Munich as an officer aspirant . In 1899 he became a lieutenant and in 1903 adjutant of the Weilheim district command . From 1906 to 1909 Endres graduated from the Bavarian War Academy , which pronounced him qualification for the general staff and especially for the subject. From 1910 he was assigned to the academy as an assistant teacher. He retired in 1912 and became a captain in the Ottoman service . As such, he took part in the Balkan campaign in 1912/13 and was then professor at the General Staff School in Constantinople . He also worked for various German democratic newspapers as a military and political foreign correspondent.

Endres lived in the Middle East for a few years - on the coast of the Bosporus, as well as in Aleppo . He was a leading member of the German League for Human Rights . After the Ottoman Empire entered the First World War on the side of Germany , Endres was appointed chief quartermaster of the Ottoman 1st Army and deployed to the Dardanelles and in Syria . In 1915 he resigned in Bavarian services and was deployed in the central office of the General Staff. He was adopted in 1916; 1918 Endres received nor the character as a Major .

He sees himself "partly as a friend of the Turkish people". However, in his books The Ruin of the Orient and Turkey: Pictures and Sketches of Country and People , he concluded that 1.2 million Armenians died of starvation in the genocide .

Writer and author

In 1920 he was accepted as a Freemason in the Freemason Lodge "To the rising light on the Isar" in Munich . Later also member of the lodges “Labor” in Vienna , “Fiat Lux” in Lucerne and “Lalande” in Paris . Within Freemasonry , he was committed to efforts to unite people.

In the early 1920s he published the somewhat pacifist book Die Tragödie Deutschlands , which was later put on the index by the Nazi regime. The book brought him many critics and enemies, so that he was forced to emigrate to Küsnacht in Switzerland in 1926 . After that he lived in Freidorf near Basel. He lived in Switzerland as a freelance author and devoted himself primarily to writing sociological and philosophical books. He gave radio and university lectures and wrote columns for Swiss daily newspapers. The military events of World War II were described in six volumes with the title Das Grosse Weltgeschehen . Herbert von Moos was the publisher and Franz Carl Endres was a military employee of the work. The first volume appeared in the spring of 1940.

By the end of his life he wrote over 40 books, including some novels. Today two of his books are available in bookshops: The Mysterium of Numbers , which appeared in Diederich's Gelber series, and The Secret of the Freemason in Bauhüttenverlag.


Small anthology with "Turkish sketches and short stories"
  • The tragedy of Germany.
  • The mystery of the number.
  • The Masonic Secret. Bauhütten Verlag. 10th edition Münster 1990, ISBN 3-87050-185-5 .
  • Georg Hirth. A German publicist.
  • Moltke.
  • Turkish women.
  • Nargileh. Turkish sketches and short stories. 1916.
  • Turkey.
  • Bosphorus waves. (Novel).
  • Zionism and world politics.
  • The ruin of the Orient.
  • Great General I.
  • Great General II.
  • In memoriam.
  • The song of Aleppo. (Novel)
  • Fatherland and humanity.
  • Florian's great love. (Novel)
  • The face of war.
  • Toxic gas war - the great danger.
  • German art and science of the Middle Ages.
  • Spirit of the present. (Ed. Under the pseudonym "Dr. Erasmus")
  • Mediterranean beauty.
  • Greece as an experience.
  • Magic and presence.
  • The laughing philosopher in the Orient.
  • The legacy of our ancestors.
  • Symbolism of Goethe's Faust.
  • Ways to luck.
  • Novellas of Wanderings.
  • Everyday philosophy.
  • A life of love. (Novel)
  • The way in the unknown. A contemplative breviary , (Ed. Stuttgart, Ernst Heinrich Moritz, 1935)
  • From the limits of our knowledge.
  • Moral foundations of human relationships.
  • The moment is eternity.
  • Old secrets of life and death.
  • Life should be love.
  • The big world events. (published in six volumes)
  • The quarter of an hour of reflection.
  • Day of life.
  • Everyday ethics
  • Take me with you: a little breviary.
  • The cultural history of women.
  • Glosses on everyday human life.
  • Self-knowledge and self-education.
  • Culture in everyday life.
  • Man under the spell of his weaknesses.
  • The German tragedy first part. (New edition from 1923)
  • Land of dreams.
  • The great religions of Asia.
  • Goethe and the Freemasons.
  • The symbolism of the Freemason.
  • The laughing philosopher in the Orient.


  • Franz Endres. Short biography in Othmar Hackl: The Bavarian War Academy (1867–1914). CH Beck'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, Munich 1989, ISBN 3-406-10490-8 , p. 428.

Web links

Wikisource: Author: Franz Carl Endres  - Sources and full texts (English)

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Annual report from the K. Wilhelms-Gymnasium in Munich 1896/97
  2. Othmar Hackl : The Bavarian War Academy (1867-1914). CH Beck'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, Munich 1989, ISBN 3-406-10490-8 , p. 428.