Franz Hilker

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Franz Hilker (born April 22, 1881 in Bosseborn ; † January 4, 1969 in Bonn ) was a German educator .

Franz Hilker was one of the leading German reform pedagogues in the 1920s. In the early Federal Republic of Germany he founded comparative educational science and published the specialist journal Bildung und Erbildung.


Franz Hilker was born the son of the teacher Joseph Hilker and his wife Antonia and studied German , Romance and English .

In 1911 he was teacher and taught until 1923 as art teacher at the Werner-Siemens-secondary school in Berlin-Schöneberg . In September 1919, together with Fritz Karsen , Siegfried Kawerau , Otto Koch , Theodor Lessing , Paul Oestreich , Elisabeth Rotten , Anna Siemsen and others, he founded the Association of Resolute School Reformers , for which he made contact with the Central Institute for Education under Ludwig, which was founded in 1915 in Berlin Pallat made. In the following years Hilker was at the forefront of German reform pedagogy and published a documentation of attempts at German school reform. In the course of Greil's school reform , he became a senior school officer in Thuringia in 1923 ,

In 1925, the headmasters Mensendick, Kallmeyer, Loheland, Gindler, Bode and von Laban founded the German Gymnastics Association in Berlin, DGymB eV for short, as the professional representative of the state-certified sports and gymnastics teachers, chaired by Franz Hilker.

In 1925 he was appointed to the Central Institute for Education and Teaching , where he was managing director from 1930 to 1933. In 1932 he became a member of the League of Nations - Commission on Intellectual Cooperation . After the National Socialists came to power in 1933, he was dismissed from all offices.

In June 1945 the occupying power commissioned him to rebuild the school system in the Fulda district . From 1947 to 1949 he worked as a senior government councilor in the Hessian Ministry of Education. In addition, in 1947 he founded the Pedagogical Work Center in Wiesbaden , an educational documentation center, and took over its management. It was financed from 1954 by the Conference of Ministers of Education and Cultural Affairs (KMK). In 1957 it was named the Documentation and Information Service of the Conference of Ministers of Education and Cultural Affairs and was relocated to Bonn under the direction of Hilkers.

In 1948 Hilker founded the specialist journal Bildung und Erziehungs , whose editor remained until his death. In 1951 he re-founded the World Association for the Renewal of Education in Germany. In 1962 he published a fundamental work on comparative educational science, which developed methods to compare different educational systems from a quantitative and normative point of view. By dealing with foreign education systems, he hoped in vain during the Adenauer era to gain reform impulses for Germany.


  • The school of life - series of writings of the federal government decided school reformers. 1920- (ed.)
  • Youth celebrations (= Die Lebensschule, issue 1) CA Schwetschke, Berlin 1921
  • Art and School: Paths and goals of creative design, laid down at the art conference of the Federation of Resolute School Reformers in Lankwitz . (= Decided School Reform IV), CA Schwetschke, Berlin 1922 (Ed.)
  • German school trials . CA Schwetschke, Berlin 1924 (Ed.)
  • Pure gymnastics: An introduction to the nature and forms of natural body formation . Hesse, Berlin 1928
  • German gymnastics . Bibliographical Institute, Leipzig 1935
  • Education and upbringing . 1948- (ed.)
  • The Swedish school reform . Metropen-Verlag, Wiesbaden 1949
  • Musical education . Klett, Stuttgart 1950 (Ed. With Leo Weismantel)
  • Modern school work . Kompass-Verlag, Oberursel Ts. 1950
  • The schools in Germany (Federal Republic and West Berlin) . Christian-Verlag, Bad Nauheim 1953
  • The new school building in Hessen , Verkehrs- und Wirtschaftsarchiv Verlag, Darmstadt 1954
  • Pedagogy in the picture . Herder, Freiburg 1956 (Ed.)
  • Comparative Education: An Introduction to Its History, Theory, and Practice . Hueber, Munich 1962


  • Oskar Anweiler : Franz Hilker: In Memoriam . In: Comparative Education . 5 (1969) 2, pp. 121-123.
  • Günther Böhme : Franz Hilker's activity in Hesse after the Second World War. Diesterweg, Frankfurt a. M. 1967.
  • Günther Böhme: The Central Institute for Education and Teaching and its leaders. On education between the German Empire and National Socialism. Neuburgweier and Karlsruhe 1971.
  • Günther Böhme: From art education to educational documentation. The reform pedagogue Franz Hilker . In: Gert Geißler (ed.): Extra-university educational science in Germany . Böhlau, Cologne [a. a.] 1996, pp. 33-59, ISBN 3-412-16395-3 .
  • Gerd Radde : From the life and work of the determined school reformer Franz Hilker (1881–1969). In: Peter Drewek (Ed.): Ambivalences of Pedagogy. On the educational history of the Enlightenment and the 20th century. Harald Scholtz on his 65th birthday. Deutscher Studienverlag, Weinheim 1995, pp. 145–167, ISBN 3-89271-553-X .
  • Heinz Stübig : The re-establishment of comparative educational science in West Germany after the Second World War: Friedrich Schneider and Franz Hilker . In: Bildung und Erziehungs 50 (1997) 4, pp. 467-480, (online)

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. From "Haubinder Jews noise" about the Odenwaldschule FAZ , September 1st 2010
  2. Ulrich Bode: 100 years of Bodeschule 100 years of gymnastics . In: Ulrich Bode (Ed.): Festschrift . tape 1 , no. 1 . Trochos GmbH, Eichenau October 1, 2011, p. 44 .
  3. Homepage. Deutscher Gymnastikbund, accessed on June 27, 2019 .