Hans Assmann Freiherr von Abschatz

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Hans Assmann Freiherr von Abschatz , actually Johann Erasmus Freiherr von Abschatz ; Pseudonym Hans Erasmus Assmann (born  February 4, 1646 in Breslau , † April 22, 1699 in Liegnitz ), was a German poet and translator of the Baroque . He is considered an important representative of the Second Silesian School .


Hans Assmann von Abschatz came from the Silesian noble family von Abschatz, which has been documented since 1294 . His parents were Johann Eraßmus von Abschatz auf Koiskau, Poselwitz and Zobel and Margarete von Kanitz . He grew up in Liegnitz, where his father held the office of a state official of the then Piast Duchy of Liegnitz . When he was four years old, Abschatz fell ill with leaves and lost his father in the same year. When he was 13 years old, his mother died. The guardianship and education was now taken over by his uncle Georg Friedrich von Abschatz.

From 1658 to 1664, Abschatz attended high school in Liegnitz. He then studied law in Strasbourg and Leiden and went on a study trip to Holland, France and Italy. After his return in 1669, at the age of 23, he took over the management of his inherited estates Wirrwitz, Lederhose, Zobel, Petschkendorf, Ober-Bärschdorf and Nieder-Göllschau. In the same year, on December 3, he married Anna, a daughter of the state elder of the Principality of Liegnitz, Wolf Caspar von Hund and Alten-Grottkau .

After the Duchy of Legnica in 1675 after the death of the Duke Georg Wilhelm , with the gender of the Silesian Piast dynasty in the male line died out, as a completed fief to the crown of Bohemia home like was was Abschatz 1679 country Ordered the Erbfürstentums Legnica and as a member of the Liegnitzer items to the Silesian Princely days sent. Since he successfully campaigned for the traditional Liegnitz rights, he enjoyed a high reputation. He also campaigned for the Silesian Protestants to practice their faith freely.

For his services he was on 26 August 1695 by Emperor I. Leopold in the baron charged. At his death in 1699 he left four sons and two daughters. His wife Anna, whom he called Amaranthe and Anemone in his love poems , died that same year.

Literary work

Even as a high school student, Abschatz showed poetic talent in school performances. He also wrote love poems from 1664 to 1668, which were later published under the title "Anemons and Adonis Flowers".

As a poet, Abschatz, who also wrote under the pseudonym Hans Erasmus Assmann , was only known to a small group of friends and colleagues, including Christian Hoffmann von Hoffmannswaldau , Christian Knorr von Rosenroth , Friedrich von Logau and his close friend Daniel Caspar von Lohenstein . At his death in 1699 there was only one translation in full print; his own poems had only appeared sporadically in the first volumes of the Neukirch collection (1695–1727). Nevertheless, Abschatz's poems, sometimes relatively simple and written in a popular tone, were highly valued. Christian Gryphius finally compiled the poems and published them together with a detailed foreword ( memory of honor ). In this collection, among other things, 59 religious poems can be found under the heading Heavenly Key or Spiritual Poems . Several of these poems, which work through “simple piety”, were included in the hymn books, including the death songs Now I have overcome and Lord, the hour has come .

Due to the realistic portrayals contained therein, Abschatz's poem Contemplation of Fifty Years of Lauff's Life can be considered an autobiography .

Above all, his contemporaries [... saw] the fact that a nobleman took such a position on poetry a favorable change in literature, through which Germany would now emulate abroad, above all France and England. He himself also repeatedly indicates that he would like to influence his peers in this way: the nobility without personal merit is an empty house built on unfamiliar land.


Abschatz translated the shepherd's play Il pastor fido by Giovanni Battista Guarini , which appeared under the title Der teutsch-speaking loyal shepherd by the famous Welschen Guarini , as well as the joke sonnets by Alexander Adimari in Lohenstein's style. The Guarini translation was set up by Abschatz for the stage and, after thorough correction by Hoffmannswaldau, had it printed between 1672 and 1678, probably.

The translation of an ode by Marc Antoine de Saint-Amant, La Solitude ( The Pleasant Desert ), is considered a masterpiece of his translation work .

Poem example

Complaint about the beard
What is a thickly grown beard with a beautiful mouth /
Love wasps nest / a thorn bush around the roses /
A stubble of sweet fruit / a sharp thistle fence /
A cupboard / which we watch to close the port /
A sharp Schifer rock in a quiet Venus voyage?
Who praises the boxes / covers the sting bowl.
The pearl / which is still in a rough shell?
With what grace is the beard to be caressed.


  • The graceful grave of the ... women Helena Elisabetha maehlter von Hund, gebohrner von Kalkreut ... at the last honor and friendship service rendered, the 22nd of May in 1680. pityingly illuminated and presented with awe . Bresslau, in the Baumannische Erben printing works, printed by Gottfried Gruender, 1680.
  • Contemporary collection: Christian Gryphius (Ed.): Poetic translations and poems . 4 volumes. Bauch, Leipzig and Breslau, 1704.
  • Abschatz, Hans Assmann from: Poetic translations and poems. Leipzig, 1704. Digitized and full text in the German text archive .
    • Facsimile of the edition of 1705 (edited by Erika Alma Metzger): Poetic translations and poems . Lang, Bern, 1970.
  • Poems (selection; edited by Erika Alma Metzger), Lang, Bern 1973.


Web links

Wikisource: Hans Assmann von Abschatz  - Sources and full texts

Individual evidence

  1. a b biography on zeno.org
  2. ^ Friedrich Wilhelm Bautz:  Abschatz, Hans Assmann Freiherr von. In: Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon (BBKL). Volume 1, Bautz, Hamm 1975. 2nd, unchanged edition Hamm 1990, ISBN 3-88309-013-1 , Sp. 13-14.
  3. ^ A b Rochus Freiherr von LiliencronAbschatz, Hans Assmann Freiherr von . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 1, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1875, pp. 22-24.
  4. Poems on zeno.org
  5. digitized version