Hartmut Boockmann

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Hartmut Boockmann (born August 22, 1934 in Marienburg (West Prussia) , † June 15, 1998 in Göttingen ) was a German historian who mainly researched the late Middle Ages . From 1975 to 1998 he taught as a professor of Middle and Modern History at the Universities of Kiel , Göttingen and at the Humboldt University in Berlin .

Live and act

Hartmut Boockmann was born the oldest of four children and grew up in Brodnica . His father was an employee and later became the director of a savings bank. The Boockmann family had to flee West Prussia in 1944 and settled with Boockmann's grandparents in Babelsberg near Potsdam . Boockmann lived there for nine years and also graduated from high school in 1953. At the age of nineteen he had to flee the GDR and the family settled in Stuttgart. Boockmann completed an apprenticeship in publishing there. He then studied history, German and classical philology, initially at the University of Tübingen and from the winter semester 1956/57 in Göttingen . In 1962 he married the historian Andrea Johansen, the daughter of the historian Paul Johansen . In Göttingen he received his doctorate under Hermann Heimpel in 1961 with a thesis on Laurentius Blumenau , a Carthusian and lawyer for the Grand Master in the Teutonic Order . Boockmann became Heimpel's assistant. He completed his habilitation in 1974 with the contribution of Johannes Falkenberg, the German Order and Polish Politics . Boockmann taught as Professor of Medieval and Modern History at the University of Kiel (1975–1982), from 1982 as the successor of Reinhard Wenskus until his death at the University of Göttingen and between 1992 and 1995 at the Humboldt University in Berlin. In the college year 1986/1987 Boockmann was a research fellow at the historical college in Munich. In November 1992, he gave his inaugural lecture on civil churches in the later Middle Ages at the Humboldt University in Berlin. In Berlin he provided support for the development of history. Boockmann died in 1998 at the age of 63 of a brain tumor. On January 15, 1999, an academic commemoration ceremony for Boockmann took place in the auditorium of the University of Göttingen. Important academic students of Boockmann are Andreas Ranft , Thomas Vogtherr , Uwe Israel , Arnd Reitemeier and Gregor Rohmann .

Almost all of Boockmann's published representations received several editions. Boockmann was a leading expert on the late Middle Ages , especially the German cities. His studies, Scholars Councilors (1981), The Controversy for the Wilsnacker Blood (1982), and Late Medieval German City Tyrants (1983) gave impetus to new investigations into the structure of urban ruling classes. Probably his best-known work is The City in the Late Middle Ages (1986). Another focus in Boockmann's research was the Teutonic Order in the 15th century. Dissertation and habilitation dealt with topics about the Teutonic Order. The representation of the German Order followed. Twelve chapters from its history (1981) and the history of East and West Prussia in the series “German History in Eastern Europe” (1992). His Introduction to the History of the Middle Ages , first published in 1978, is considered one of his most successful works and was published in its eighth edition in 2007. Boockmann made intensive use of pictorial evidence in his research. He not only used images as mere illustrations, but interpreted them as historical sources . Together with Wilhelm Treue and Herbert Jankuhn , he published the Athenaion picture atlas on German history in 1968 , a volume with almost 600 illustrations. In his work The City in the Late Middle Ages , the living environment of the cities in the late Middle Ages was made clear in pictures. Boockmann delivered with his works in the middle of Europe. German History (1984) and the Staufer Period and the Late Middle Ages. Germany 1125–1517 (1987) twice summaries over an entire age. Boockmann had already completed his contribution for the 15th century for the latest edition (2008) in the “ Handbuch der deutschen Geschichte ” (“Gebhardt”) and processed the research literature until 1991/92. After his death, his academic student Heinrich Dormeier evaluated the scientific literature until 2004 and corrected and supplemented the text. In 1990 Boockmann submitted a biography of his academic teacher Heimpel. Boockmann literally absolved Heimpel of National Socialist entanglements.

Boockmann was co-editor of the history in science and education (since 1987), the Göttingische Schehrten Werbung (since 1988 together with Ulrich Schindel ) and the magazine for art history (since 1988). Since 1978 he has been a member of the Central Management of Monumenta Germaniae Historica and since 1987 a full member of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen . Boockmann worked for many years in the German-Polish textbook commission .



  • Laurentius Blumenau. Princely councilor, lawyer, humanist. (approx. 1415–1484) (= Göttingen building blocks for historical science. Vol. 37, ZDB -ID 504693-2 ). Musterschmidt, Göttingen et al. 1965 (At the same time: Göttingen, University, dissertation, 1961).
  • Johannes Falkenberg, the German Order and Polish Politics. Investigations into the political theory of the later Middle Ages. With an appendix: The Satira of Johannes Falkenberg (= publications of the Max Planck Institute for History. Vol. 45). Vandenhoeck and Ruprecht, Göttingen 1975, ISBN 3-525-35354-5 (at the same time: Göttingen, University, habilitation paper, 1974).
  • Introduction to the history of the Middle Ages. Beck, Munich 1978, ISBN 3-406-05996-1 (8th edition, ibid 2007, ISBN 978-3-406-36677-2 ).
  • The German Order. 12 chapters from its history. Beck, Munich 1981, ISBN 3-406-08415-X (In Polish: Zakon krzyżacki. Dwanaście rozdziałów jego historii (= Klio w Niemczech. Vol. 3). Volume, Warsaw 1998, ISBN 83-7233-048-4 ; in Russian: Немецкий орден Двенадцать глав из его истории.. Ладомир, Москва 2004, ISBN 5-86218-450-3 ; in Lithuanian: .. Vokiečių Ordinas Dvylika jo istorijos skyrių Aidai, Vilnius 2003, ISBN 9955-445-63 -7 ).
  • The Marienburg in the 19th century. Propylaen Verlag, Frankfurt am Main et al. 1982, ISBN 3-549-06661-9 .
  • The city in the late Middle Ages. Beck, Munich 1986, ISBN 3-406-31565-8 .
  • Staufer period and late Middle Ages. Germany 1125–1517 (= The Reich and the Germans. Vol. 7). Siedler, Berlin 1987, ISBN 3-88680-158-6 .
  • Business and bustle on the Reichstag in the late Middle Ages (= writings of the Historical College. Lectures. Vol. 17). Munich 1988 ( digitized version ).
  • East Prussia and West Prussia (= German history in Eastern Europe ). Siedler, Berlin 1992, ISBN 3-88680-212-4 .
  • Princes, citizens, nobles. Life pictures from the late Middle Ages. Beck, Munich 1994, ISBN 3-406-38534-6 .
  • Knowledge and resistance. History of the German University. Siedler, Berlin 1999, ISBN 3-88680-617-0 .
  • Paths to the Middle Ages. Historical essays. Beck, Munich 2000, ISBN 3-406-46241-3 .
  • with Heinrich Dormeier: Councils, Church and Imperial Reform (1410–1495) (= Handbook of German History. Vol. 8). 10th, completely revised edition. Klett-Cotta, Stuttgart 2005, ISBN 3-608-60008-6 .


  • The beginnings of the corporate representations in Prussia and its neighboring countries (= writings of the historical college. Colloquia. Vol. 16). With the assistance of Elisabeth Müller-Luckner. Oldenbourg, Munich 1992, ISBN 978-3-486-55840-1 ( digitized ).
  • with Bernd Moeller and Karl Stackmann : Life lessons and world designs in the transition from the Middle Ages to the modern age. Politics - Education - Natural History - Theology. Report on colloquia of the commission for research into the culture of the late Middle Ages 1983 to 1987 (= treatises of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen, Philological-Historical Class. Volume 3, No. 179). Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 1989, ISBN 3-525-82463-7 .


  • Arnold Esch : Nekrolog Hartmut Boockmann 1934–1998. In: Historical magazine . Vol. 268, 1999, pp. 272-275.
  • Hartmut Boockmann in memory. Commemoration on January 15, 1999 in the auditorium of the Georg-August University. With memorial speeches by Zenon Hubert Nowak and Arnold Esch and memorial speeches by Manfred Hildermeier and Gerhard Gottschalk (= Göttingen University Speeches . Volume 92). Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 1999, ISBN 3-525-82646-X .
  • Bernd Moeller : Obituary Hartmut Boockmann August 22, 1934–15. June 1998. In: Yearbook of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen for the year 2000, published 2001, pp. 243–248.
  • Peter Moraw: Talking with pictures. On the death of Hartmut Boockmann. In: Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung . June 17, 1998, No. 137, p. 49.
  • Peter Moraw : Obituary Hartmut Boockmann. In: German Archive for Research into the Middle Ages . Vol. 54, 1998, pp. 911-912 ( digitized version ).
  • Werner Paravicini : Hartmut Boockmann 1934–1998. In: Communications from the Residences Commission of the Göttingen Academy of Sciences. Volume 8 (1998) No. 2, pp. 5-8 ( online ).
  • Andreas Ranft : Obituary for Hartmut Boockmann. In: Research on Brandenburg and Prussian History NF 10 (2000), pp. 273–276.
  • Joachim Rohlfes, Michael Sauer, Winfried Schulze : In memoriam Hartmut Boockmann (1934–1998). In: History in Science and Education (GWU) 49, 1998, p. 527

Web links

Texts by Boockmann on the Internet


  1. Historical College - Hartmut Boockmann.
  2. Hartmut Boockmann: Citizens' Churches in the later Middle Ages. Berlin 1994 ( online ).
  3. Hartmut Boockmann: On the mentality of late medieval learned councilors. In: Historische Zeitschrift 233 (1981), pp. 295-316.
  4. Hartmut Boockmann: The dispute over the Wilsnacker blood. In: Journal for Historical Research 9 (1982) pp. 385-408.
  5. Hartmut Boockmann: Late medieval German city tyrants. In: Blätter für deutsche Landesgeschichte 119 (1983), pp. 73–91 ( digitized version ).
  6. Andreas Ranft: Obituary for Hartmut Boockmann. In: Research on Brandenburg and Prussian History NF 10 (2000), pp. 273–276, here: p. 274.
  7. Hartmut Boockmann, Heinrich Dormeier: Councils, Church and Imperial Reform 1410–1495. Stuttgart 2005, p. XVII.
  8. Hartmut Boockmann: The historian Hermann Heimpel. Göttingen 1990, P. 53 and 59. Nicolas Berg: The Holocaust and the West German historians. Exploration and memory. Göttingen 2003, p. 242.