Karl Stackmann (Germanist)

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Karl Stackmann (born March 21, 1922 in Buxtehude ; † November 4, 2013 in Göttingen ) was a German specialist in German .


After graduating from high school in Stade , Stackmann studied German Philology , Classical Philology and History in Hamburg from 1940 to 1941 , then took part in World War II as a soldier and continued his studies after a short imprisonment in 1945. In 1948 he was charged with a thesis on the Middle High German Versnovelle Moritz von Craun in Hamburg doctorate in 1956 with a thesis on the learned Sang proverbs Heinrich von Mügeln habilitation . From 1959 he worked as a professor for older German studies at the University of Bonn , from 1965 until his retirement in 1990 at the University of Göttingen , which he guided through troubled times as rector in 1973/74. As a member of the Göttingen Academy of Sciences (since 1969), as Vice President of the German Research Foundation (DFG) from 1980 to 1986 and as a member of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences in Munich (since 1980), Stackmann promoted and led many central projects in the field of Germanic Medieval Studies rapidly modernizing old German studies .


In the 65 years between 1948 and his death as a philologist, Stackmann presented a wealth of works in various areas of medieval literature. His most important achievements are in the fields of edition philology and lexicology and lexicography . After he had made a name for himself as a text editor as early as 1959 with the publication of Heinrich von Mügeln's smaller poems, which were often difficult to understand even to contemporaries due to their dark and allusive, scholarly style , he founded in 1964 with his essay Medieval Texts as Task one to ongoing reorientation of mediaeval edition theory and practice. Stackmann's fundamental considerations about the peculiarity of medieval texts led to the abandonment of the principles of text edition that had been in force since the beginning of German studies at the beginning of the 19th century, which since Karl Lachmann have been based on the model of the edition of ancient texts by Classical Philology . In place of the attempt to reconstruct the wording of the original or an archetype of the entire tradition that is close to the original, Stackmann established the so-called key manuscript principle , which was already used in the past , began to establish itself in German medieval studies since the 1970s and is now common practice is. Stackmann's 1981 edition of the poems Frauenlobs , one of the most difficult, demanding and famous Middle High German poets, is considered an editorial masterpiece . Stackmann's work as a lexicologist and lexicographer is also significant. In 1990 his dictionary was published for the Göttingen Frauenlob edition, in which the sometimes highly unusual vocabulary of the poet was completely recorded, classified, described and interpreted according to modern principles. The Middle High German Dictionary , edited by Stackmann together with Kurt Gärtner and Klaus Grubmüller, has been published since 2006, replacing the large, long-outdated standard works of the 19th century by Benecke / Müller / Zarncke and Matthias Lexer . Stackmann's appreciation by his specialist colleagues and students is reflected not least in three festschrifts that were dedicated to him in 1987, 1990 and 2002.


Publications (selection)

  • Monographs and editions of works
    • The Middle High German verse novella »Moriz von Craûn«. Dissertation. Hamburg 1948.
    • The poet Heinrich von Mügeln. Preliminary studies to recognize one's individuality . C. Winter, Heidelberg 1958.
    • Small fonts . Edited by Jens Haustein. 3 volumes. Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 1997–2002.
  • Text editions and dictionaries
    • The smaller seals of Heinrich von Mügeln . Edited by Karl Stackmann. 4 volumes. Akademie-Verlag, Berlin 1959–2003.
    • Heinrich von Meißen: corpses, singing sayings, songs . Edited by Karl Bertau and Karl Stackmann. 2 volumes. Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 1981.
    • Dictionary for the Göttingen women's praise edition . Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 1990.
    • Middle High German dictionary . Edited by Kurt Gärtner, Klaus Grubmüller and Karl Stackmann. 4 volumes. So far published: Volume 1: a – evrouwe , S. Hirzel, Stuttgart 2006–2013.
  • as editor
    • with Ludger Grenzmann: Literature and lay education in the late Middle Ages and in the Reformation period. Symposium Wolfenbüttel 1981. Stuttgart 1984 (= German symposia. Report volume 5).
    • with Bernd Moeller and Hartmut Boockmann : Life lessons and world designs in the transition from the Middle Ages to the modern age. Politics - Education - Natural History - Theology. Report on colloquia of the commission for research into the culture of the late Middle Ages 1983 to 1987 (= treatises of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen: philological-historical class. III, 179). Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 1989, ISBN 3-525-82463-7 .


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Karl Stackmann's obituary notice ( memento from November 7, 2013 in the web archive archive.today )
  2. Old German Edition Studies