Wilhelm Loyalty

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Wilhelm Treue (born July 18, 1909 in Berlin , † October 18, 1992 in Göttingen ) was a German economic and social historian .

Live and act

Treue, the son of a sergeant, studied history and biology at the Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Berlin since 1928 . Important academic teachers were Ernst Perels , Hermann Oncken and above all Fritz Hartung . In 1932 he received his doctorate. phil. from Fritz Hartung on German agriculture at the time of Caprivi and its fight against trade agreements. Treue completed his habilitation in 1937 at the Philosophical Faculty of Berlin University on the subject of economic policy and economic conditions in Prussia 1815–1825 , but without obtaining the license to teach (because he did not belong to any Nazi organization).

In the 1930s Treue worked temporarily as an editor for the publishing houses Ullstein and Propylaea , later he worked for the war history department of the Navy . Briefly interrupted by active military service in 1939, he taught at the naval school in Mürwik in Flensburg from 1943 - Mürwik naval war history.

In the period immediately after the Second World War , Treue was to a certain extent a representative of an emphatically apolitical science that advocated the rapid integration of National Socialist followers. In Göttingen, however, he belonged, along with other younger historians such as Werner Conze and older colleagues such as Hermann Heimpel or Percy Ernst Schramm, to a group that made important considerations about a methodical new beginning of the subject after National Socialism. His remarks on the first German Historians' Day after 1945 show that he was also political. He criticized the lack of a fundamental statement on the “upheavals” of recent years. He also dealt with National Socialism in his books. In 1952, together with Günther Frede, he published the volume economics and politics 1933–1945 , which also appeared in an edition for teachers. In his 1957 book Art theft , he was one of the first historians to deal with the subject of National Socialist art theft in the chapter on art theft from his own people and from foreign nations .

Between 1958 and 1985 Treue was part-time director of the house archive of the private bank Sal. Oppenheim . In 1983 he published the book Das Schicksal des Bankhauses Sal. Oppenheim junior & Cie. In the journal for corporate history . and its owners in the Third Reich . His colleague Gabriele Teichmann became his successor around 1989.

Treue taught as a lecturer in Göttingen , Würzburg , Oxford , at a university in South Africa and in Hanover . There he received an extraordinary professorship in 1948. Since 1954 he held the chair of history and was also director of the history seminar. He held both functions until his retirement in 1975. Since 1978 Treue has taught for another ten years as an honorary professor in Salzburg . On December 11, 1984, he was awarded an honorary doctorate from the University of Salzburg.

Faith's scientific interests were diverse. They covered technical , economic , political and cultural history . He attached particular importance to the promotion of economic, social and technological history. In 1955 he founded Tradition magazine . Journal for company history and entrepreneur biography . In 1974, on Faithful endeavors, this was incorporated into the Gesellschaft für Unternehmensgeschichte, which is the publisher of the magazine for corporate history .

Treue was also involved in founding the working group for modern social history . In 1968, at his suggestion by representatives of science and public broadcasters, the Study Group for Broadcasting and History was founded, of which he was chairman for many years. Treue wrote company stories for MTU Friedrichshafen , Sal. Oppenheim and Esche Schümann Commichau, among others . The commemorative publication Science, Economy and Technology. Studies of history. Wilhelm Treue on the occasion of his 60th birthday was published by Karl-Heinz Manegold and appeared in Munich in 1969.

Publications (selection)

  • Economy, society and technology in Germany from the 16th to the 18th century (= Gebhardt: Handbuch der deutschen Geschichte , 9th edition, edited by Herbert Grundmann , paperback edition, vol. 12). Deutscher Taschenbuch-Verlag, Munich 1999 (7th edition).
  • Society, economy and technology in Germany in the 19th century (= Gebhardt: Handbuch der deutschen Geschichte , 9th edition, edited by Herbert Grundmann, paperback edition, vol. 17). Deutscher Taschenbuch-Verlag, Munich 1999 (11th edition).
  • (Ed.) Prussia's great king. Life and work of Frederick the Great , Ploetz, Freiburg 1986, ISBN 3-87640-190-9 .
  • The fate of the Sal. Oppenheim junior & Cie. and its owners in the Third Reich. Steiner, Wiesbaden 1983 (= magazine for company history , supplement 27).
  • Edited with Hanswilly Bernartz: History of the French Navy . Mittler, Herford 1982 (= series of publications of the Marine-Akademie , Volume 3), ISBN 978-3-8132-0151-2 .
  • Modern economic history: 1700–1972 . Kröner, Stuttgart 1973 (2 volumes; 3rd greatly expanded edition).
  • The fires never go out - August Thyssen-Hütte. Volume 1: 1890-1926. Econ, Düsseldorf 1969.
  • with Helmut Uebbing: The fires never go out - August Thyssen-Hütte. Volume 2: 1926-1966. Econ, Düsseldorf 1969.
  • Edited with Karl-Heinz Manegold: Sources on the history of the industrial revolution. Musterschmidt, Göttingen 1966.
  • Axle, wheel and carriage. 5000 years of cultural and technological history . Edited on behalf of the Bergische axis factory Fr. Kotz & Sons in Wiehl, Bruckmann, Munich 1965.
  • German history from 1713 to 1806 […]. Berlin 1957 (= Göschen Collection. Volume 39).
  • German history. From the beginning to the end of the 2nd World War . Kröner, Stuttgart 1958. Further edited editions z. B. the 5th edition 1978 with the subtitle From the beginnings to the end of the Adenauer era .
  • Art theft. About the fate of works of art in war, revolution and peace . Droste-Verlag, Düsseldorf 1957.
  • Cultural history of the screw - from antiquity to the 18th century. Edited on behalf of Kamax-Werke Rudolf Kellermann in Osterode am Harz, Bruckmann, Munich 1955; 2nd expanded edition 1962, continued until the 20th century.
  • With the eyes of their personal physicians. From important physicians and their great patients . With a foreword by Heinrich Martius, Droste-Verlag, Düsseldorf 1955.
  • Invasions 1066-1944. A Study of the History of the Amphibious War . Mittler, Darmstadt 1955.
  • The Crimean War and its Significance in the Formation of Modern Fleets . Muster-Schmidt, Göttingen 1954 (= Göttingen building blocks for historical science , vol. 18), 2nd revised edition, Mittler, Herford 1980.
  • Economy and politics 1933–1945. Documents with connecting text. With the collaboration of Günther Frede, Hahn, Hannover 1952 (= contributions to the history of the recent past , volume 4; Schulverwaltungsblatt für Niedersachsen , 1952, H. 11; contributions to history lessons , volume 30), Albert Limbach, Braunschweig 1953.
  • Illustrated cultural history of everyday life . Oldenbourg, Munich 1952.
  • German history in the 19th century. Politics, economy, culture . Schöningh, Würzburg 1946.
  • Maria Sibylla - The life novel by the German artist and researcher Maria Sibylla Merian . Biographical novel with Hildegard Treue, Volksverband der Buchfreunde, Weigweiser-Verlag, Berlin 1942.
  • A short cultural history of everyday German life . Rütten & Loening, Potsdam 1942.
  • Who was the eternal attacker, Germany or France? With a foreword by Heinrich Sohnrey . Deutsche Landbuchhandlung, Berlin 1940 (contains the chapter Adolf Hitler's will to understand as the final section ).
  • The conquest of the earth. On the trail of the great explorers . German publisher, Berlin 1939.
  • The change in lifestyle. A mirror of times and peoples . Volksverband der Bücherfreunde, Wegweiser-Verlag, Berlin 1939 (= Volksverband der Buchfreunde. Scientific annual series, series 20, vol. 3).
  • Economic conditions and economic policy in Prussia 1815–1825. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1937 (= quarterly for social and economic history , supplement 31).
  • German agriculture at the time of Caprivi and its struggle against the trade agreements . Hanover 1933 (at the same time: University of Berlin, philosophical dissertation).


Web links


  1. Winfried Schulze : German History after 1945. Munich 1993, pp. 84 f., 159, 173 f.
  2. ^ Eckhard Wandel : Banks and Insurance in the 19th and 20th Century. Munich 1998, p. 87.