Herschdorf (Großbreitenbach)

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Rural community town of Großbreitenbach
Coat of arms of Herschdorf
Coordinates: 50 ° 37 ′ 44 ″  N , 11 ° 2 ′ 57 ″  E
Height : 625 m
Area : 9.55 km²
Residents : 809  (December 31, 2017)
Population density : 85 inhabitants / km²
Incorporation : 1st January 2019
Postal code : 98701
Area code : 036738
Village church

Herschdorf (formerly also Herschdorf bei Königsee ) is a district of the rural municipality of Großbreitenbach in the Ilm district in Thuringia in Germany .


Herschdorf lies on a plateau between the 808 meter high Long Mountain in the west and the Schwarzatal in the east. The area is characterized by high meadows and relatively poorly forested. The place is about 650 meters above sea level. Herschdorf is a clustered village . The source of the Rinne lies north of Herschdorf , while the Junkerbach, a tributary of the Schwarza , rises to the south .

Neighboring places

Clockwise, starting in the north: Ilmenau , Königsee , Dröbischau , Mellenbach-Glasbach , Wildenspring , Friedersdorf , Gillersdorf .


Herschdorf was first mentioned in 1370 as Hertwygestorf . According to a legend, the ruler of Herschdorf is said to have had four sons who founded their own villages. Albert founded Allersdorf, Wilhelm Willmersdorf , Friedrich Friedersdorf and Gilbert Gillersdorf .

The place belonged to the county of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt and was in the office of Schwarzburg. The Paulinzella monastery and the Stadtilm monastery as well as the hospital in Königsee also had local rights . In the past, the inhabitants of Herschdorf lived mainly from growing flax and the haulage industry, and later also from the oil trade . Herschdorf was on an important trade route, which the local carters cultivated as far as Mecklenburg in the north and Tyrol in the south. In 1676 about 310 inhabitants were counted, in 1863 there were 614. With the construction of the railway and the associated industrialization, both the haulage business and the processing of the flax as sources of income disappeared. After a temporary phase of impoverishment, the residents mostly found work in the industry in the surrounding areas.

From the end of the 17th century until 1920, Herschdorf belonged to the Königsee office in the Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt suzerainty . Then the place came to the district of Rudolstadt, 1952 to the district of Ilmenau and finally in 1994 to the Ilm district . After the Second World War, many resettlers came to Herschdorf, so that the population rose to around 900. In 1974 the places Willmersdorf and Allersdorf were incorporated.

In 1994 Herschdorf came to the Ilm district and to the administrative association Langer Berg . When this was dissolved on July 6, 2018, the community moved to the Großbreitenbach administrative community . The administrative seat was in the city of Großbreitenbach . On January 1, 2019, this was converted into the rural municipality of Großbreitenbach. The previous districts of Herschdorf, Allersdorf and Willmersdorf, have since then been districts of the rural community of Großbreitenbach on the same level as Herschdorf.

Population development

Development of the population:

  • 1843 - 1,298
  • 1939 - 1,316
  • 1989 - 1,079
  • 2005 - 1,004
  • 2010 - 948
  • 2015 - 852

Data source: from 1994 Thuringian State Office for Statistics - values ​​from December 31st


Local council

The local council of Herschdorf was elected for the first time in the local elections in Thuringia on May 26, 2019. Previously, the former members of the municipal council had acted as local councils since the formation of the rural community Großbreitenbach.

In addition to the mayor, the local council is made up of four other members, all of whom belong to the Herschdorf Free Voting Association.

Town Mayor

After Holger Hornschuh ( independent ) was initially provisional as honorary mayor since 2018 and as local mayor since January 1, 2019, he was the regular for the local elections in Thuringia 2019 in the runoff on June 9, 2019 with 69.3% of the cast valid votes elected as the local mayor. Before that, Bernhard Zimmermann was the honorary mayor of Herschdorf from 1999 to 2018.

coat of arms

The coat of arms was approved on December 8, 1994 by the Thuringian State Administration Office.

Blazon : "In blue a golden stag striding on a silver mountain, accompanied by three (2: 1) silver linden leaves at the top left."

The deer stands as a speaking symbol in the folk etymological interpretation of the place name and was taken over at the same time due to the present former seal. The mountain symbolizes the "Long Mountain". The three linden leaves stand for the three districts, which at the same time symbolize the near-natural location of the community. The former affiliation of the place to the domain of the Schwarzburg counts is made clear by the tinging of the coat of arms.

The coat of arms was designed by the heraldist Frank Diemar .

Culture and sights

The town's church dates back to the Baroque period ; its tower goes back to an older, predecessor building from the Gothic period .

The cultural life is shaped by traditional Thuringian customs. Two fair events take place in Herschdorf every year . The best known among the so-called “Kermsen” is the youth fair, which is well known far beyond the region and takes place every year on the last weekend in July and the first weekend in August.

In addition to the youth fair, a “men's fair” has also been held since 1986, which is celebrated by the local men at the end of September. The specialty - the procession through the whole place built on Thanksgiving.

Well known for years and very well attended - the Herschdorfer tractor meeting in the middle of June.

Economy and Infrastructure

The economy of Herschdorf used to be characterized by weaving and a small glass industry. The Hilmar Schmiedeknecht family brewery opened in 1862 and its beer was popular throughout the region. Today there is an industrial park in the village where some smaller companies have settled.

From Herschdorf roads lead to Pennewitz , Großbreitenbach and Mellenbach-Glasbach .

Sons and daughters of the church

  • Nicolaus Vetter (1666–1734), organist and composer of the Baroque
  • Günter Hunstock (* 1930), founder of the Herschdorf hunting horn group
  • Ehrhart Neubert (* 1940), theologian and GDR oppositionist

Individual evidence

  1. Thuringian Law and Ordinance Gazette No. 7 2018 of July 5, 2018 , accessed on January 2, 2019
  2. Thuringian Law and Ordinance Gazette No. 14/2018 p. 795 ff. , Accessed on January 2, 2019
  3. ^ Source for Schwarzburgische and Saxon places: Johann Friedrich Kratzsch : Lexicon of all localities of the German federal states . Naumburg, 1843. Available online from Google Books . Source for Prussian places: Handbook of the Province of Saxony. Magdeburg, 1843. Available online at Google Books
  4. ^ Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. Population figures. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
  5. Population development since 1989 (TLUG) ( Memento of the original from October 29, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF; 18 kB) @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.tlug-jena.de
  6. Official Gazette of the Landgemeinde Stadt Großbreitenbach No. 9/2019 of June 9, 2019
  7. Official Gazette of the Landgemeinde Stadt Großbreitenbach No. 10/2019 of July 12, 2019
  8. ^ Thuringian State Office for Statistics: Elections in Thuringia, mayoral elections in Herschdorf. Retrieved October 5, 2019 .
  9. ^ New Thuringian Wappenbuch Volume 2, page 12; Publisher: Arbeitsgemeinschaft Thüringen eV 1998 ISBN 3-9804487-2-X

Web links

Commons : Herschdorf  - Collection of images, videos and audio files