Hieronymus von Colloredo-Mansfeld

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Hieronymus von Colloredo-Mansfeld, lithograph by Josef Kriehuber , 1836
The monument in 2015

Hieronymus von Colloredo-Man ( n ) sfeld (born March 30, 1775 in Wetzlar , † July 23, 1822 in Vienna ) was an Austrian general in the Napoleonic Wars .


He was the son of Prince Franz de Paula Gundaker von Colloredo-Man (n) sfeld , who served as ambassador to Spain from 1767–70, and vice- chancellor from 1788–1806 .

Colloredo joined the Austrian army as a lieutenant in 1792, attended General Clerfait's procession to Champagne , took part in the campaigns of 1793 and 1794 in Flanders as a lieutenant captain and became a captain in 1794 . In 1796 he took part in the Italian campaign under Wurmser , fought as a colonel in the Battle of Hohenlinden , distinguished himself as a major general under Archduke Karl with his brigade at Caldiero and also attended the campaign of 1809 in Italy, later joining as a field marshal lieutenant Raab out and covered the retreat to Komorn . On September 4, 1813, Count Colloredo was given command of the first corps of the main Austrian army . In this function he took part in the Battle of Nations near Leipzig in October 1813 .


Depiction of Hieronymus von Colloredo-Mansfeld at the Austrian memorial for the battle of Kulm
Year badge "Colloredo-Mansfeld" of the Theresian Military Academy in Wiener Neustadt

Through the imperial resolution of Franz Joseph I on February 28, 1863, Hieronymus von Colloredo-Mansfeld was added to the list of "most famous warlords and generals of Austria worthy of perpetual emulation" , in whose honor and memory there is also a life-size statue in the Feldherrenhalle the then newly established Imperial and Royal Court Weapons Museum (today: Army History Museum Vienna ) was built. The statue was created in 1868 by the Bohemian sculptor Emanuel Max Ritter von Wachstein (1810–1901) from Carrara marble and was dedicated by Joseph Franz Hieronymus von Colloredo-Mannsfeld (1813–1895).

In Leipzig there was a Colloredostraße from 1903 to 1950 (today Ernst-Toller- Straße).

The 2008 retirement year of the Theresian Military Academy , the training center for officers of the Austrian Armed Forces in Wiener Neustadt , was named after Hieronymus von Colloredo-Mansfeld.

Erection of the monument to Hieronymus Colloredo-Mansfeld near Kulm, contemporary lithography

Monument to Count Hieronymus Colloredo-Mansfeld

A memorial was erected for him in 1825 in Arbesau in northern Bohemia to commemorate his services in the Battle of Kulm .

“In the Kulmer Thale (also called the Teplitzer Thal) a memorial rises up in 1825 to the hero Count Colloredo Mannsfeld, who fought in the battles that took place here on August 30 and September 17, 1813, September of the same year was inaugurated. *)
The height of this monument is 9 Lower Austria. Fathers or 54 Wiener Schuh, and rests on a brick pedestal. It represents a four-sided pyramid made of cast iron, on the bottom cube of which there are the following inscriptions:

Terrible to the enemy,
dear to his own.
Arbesau on September 17, 1813.
The Austrian Army, one of its leaders in the field of glory.
Torn from the fatherland and its friends too soon.

On the lower part of the pyramid.

The portrait of the eternal, which surrounds his medals, with the inscription:
Hieronymus Graf Colloredo-Mansfeld, kk General Feldzeugmeister.
Backward. The Count's coat of arms.
Right. Born March 30, 1775.
Left. Died July 23, 1822.

The top of the pyramid is adorned with the imperial eagle, which holds a laurel wreath, the pedestal surrounds a balustrade.
On the back of the Sousbasse it says: Cast in the
prince . Fürstenbergischen Gußwerk zu Joachimsthal in Bohemia 1824. *) In the bookstore of Mr. EW Enders in Prague a finely illuminated picture of the inauguration of this monument is available for 6 fl.


Web links

Commons : Hieronymus von Colloredo-Mansfeld  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Johann Christoph Allmayer-Beck : The Army History Museum Vienna. The museum and its representative rooms . Kiesel Verlag, Salzburg 1981, ISBN 3-7023-0113-5 , p. 32
  2. leipzig-lexikon.de
  3. Collection of pictorial representations of remarkable people, objects and events from the past and present with attached descriptions of the same . 1826 ( books.google.de ).