Hugo Bürkner

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Leopold Hugo Bürkner (born August 24, 1818 in Dessau , † January 17, 1897 in Dresden ) was a German painter and illustrator , in later years professor and head of woodcutting at the Dresden Art Academy .


Hugo Bürkner's grave at the Trinitatisfriedhof in Dresden.

Hugo Bürkner was a student of the court painter Heinrich Beck , from whom he received private lessons. From 1837 he attended the Düsseldorf Art Academy , where he made friends with Eduard Bendemann and Julius Hübner . He was a student of Karl Ferdinand Sohn at the Düsseldorf Academy before going to Dresden in 1840. Here he came into contact with Ludwig Richter , with whom he later worked. In 1846 he became a teacher and nine years later a professor at the studio for wood-cutting art at the Dresden Art Academy. Together with Robert Reinick , he worked on the German Youth Calendar 1847 and 1848, which was published by Georg Wigand in Leipzig . Hugo Bürkner was an honorary member of the Vienna Academy . From 1894 Georg Erler was among his students .

Hugo Bürkner made a decisive contribution to the development of woodcuts in Germany. Of the around 11,000 woodcuts that were created under his supervision, many were adorned with popular books for children and young people from the 19th century.

Hugo Bürkner, whose brother Adolph Bürkner (1824–1898) became known as an architect, died in Dresden in 1897 and was buried in the Trinity cemetery there. There are several objects named after him in Dresden today, such as B. Hugo-Bürkner-Strasse and Hugo-Bürkner-Park .


Bürkner's father was the police director Leopold Bürkner in Dessau.

Hugo Bürkner was married to Marianne, born in 1847. Mendheim (1826–1910), daughter of Samuel Ferdinand Mendheim (1786–1860), bookseller and music publisher in Berlin, and Marianne Friedländer (1797–1826). She was the great-granddaughter of David Friedländer . Her brother-in-law was Johann Gustav Droysen (1808–1884), her first marriage (1836) to Marie Mendheim (1820–1847). After her mother's death, she grew up with her grandparents, Benoni Friedländer .


  • Konrad (called Kurd) (1853–1913), ear doctor, professor, founder of the ENT clinic in Göttingen
  • Richard, superintendent, writer
  • Clara (1848–1895)
  • Fanny (1851–1889), painter, illustrator
  • Emma (1857-1925)
  • Anna (* 1859)
  • Gertrud (1863–1945), illustrator (died in the bombing raid on Dresden )
  • Marie (1866–1945), author (died in the bombing raid on Dresden)

Only Kurd got married; he had three sons:

  • Robert Bürkner (1887–1962), actor, theater director, theater manager, playwright and writer. Among other things, he reworked countless fairy tales for the stage, including the works of the Brothers Grimm . Actor Moritz Bürkner (* 1983) is Robert Bürkner's great-nephew.
  • Felix Bürkner (1883–1957), 18-time German dressage champion, Olympic participant in 1912, autobiography: A rider's life 1957
  • Ernst Bürkner (doctor)

Image examples

Work examples

Digitized editions of the University and State Library Düsseldorf :

  • The frieze in the throne room of the Royal Palace of Dresden / painted al fresco by Eduard Bendemann . Etched v. Hugo Bürkner, Leipzig: Wigand, 1847. Digitized edition
  • Also a dance of death: from the year 1848. - Leipzig: Wigand, 1849 (2nd edition) Digitized edition
  • Also a dance of death. - Leipzig: Wigand, 1849 (3rd edition) Digitized edition
  • Müller, Wolfgang. Children's life in songs and pictures. - Düsseldorf: Schulz, 1850. Digitized edition
  • Rethel, Alfred. Hannibal's train across the Alps. - Vienna: Zoeller, approx. 1875. Digitized edition
  • Hugo Bürkner's woodcut portfolio . Kuntze, Dresden. Digitized edition


Web links

Commons : Hugo Bürkner  - Collection of images, videos and audio files
Commons : Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister (Dresden), Galeriewerk Bürkner  - album with pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Repertory of the Royal. Kunst-Akademie zu Düsseldorf collection, list of artists p. 42
  2. Illustrations by Bürkner in the children's book collection of the Saxon State Library ( Memento from July 28, 2003 in the web archive )
  3. See Johann Gustav Droysen: Historik. Supplement: Droysen Bibliography , ed. v. Horst Walter Blanke, Stuttgart-Bad Cannstatt 2008, p. 190, no. 07. B. in the Humboldt University of Berlin, portrait collection.