Incorporation means incorporation : In the medical sense, incorporation is the deliberate or unintentional absorption of substances, objects or microorganisms into the body. This can be through food ( orally , i.e. through the mouth, also known as ingestion ), through the airways ( inhalation , absorption of gas or suspended matter ), dermally (through the skin , wounds , mucous membrane , etc.), intravenous , intramuscular , intraperitoneally (ie through the abdominal cavity or other routes).
Forms of recording
Substances, including pharmacological , toxic or radioactive substances, in all forms ( powder , liquid , aerosol , gas ), ointments ( transdermal ), objects (swallowing of button cells by small children , introduction of pessaries ), dusts ( fine dust , asbestos ), can be absorbed Pathogens in food or by other means.
Dosage forms (in therapy)
Pathogens are a form of absorption: prions (inanimate), viruses (inanimate), microorganisms (e.g. bacteria ) and endoparasites (multicellular organisms, often animals). The recording can be done in a variety of ways, e.g. B. with food, water, by handshake, sexual contact, but also via a vector , z. B. a mosquito that transmits pathogens (microbes or endoparasites) from host to host.
One form of incorporation is ingestion, whereby substances are usually ingested through the mouth ( orally ) with solid or liquid food .
As Pica syndrome is referred to an eating disorder, commonly in the human record than unfit existing substance or object.
Aspiration is understood as the penetration of objects or liquids into the respiratory tract .
When inhaling harmful substances, a distinction is made between various effects in the body:
- Breath poisons with a suffocating effect
Breathing poisons with irritating and corrosive effects
- They mainly attack the mucous membranes.
- Protection option: self-contained breathing apparatus or, if the concentration is low, filter devices , protective clothing outdoors
- Breath poisons with toxic effects on blood, nerves and tissue
- Breath poisons with radiation effects on body cells
Transdermal absorption is understood to mean absorption through the skin or mucous membrane (e.g. buccal). In addition to skin contact poisons (e.g. hydrocyanic acid ), active ingredients from transdermal patches , ointments, anal or vaginal suppositories or suppositories can be absorbed transdermally.
Control of unwanted recording
Personal protective equipment (PPE) is used to reduce a routinely increased health-endangering exposure risk. Chemical laws such as the Chemicals Act (ChemG) in Germany regulate the handling of substances with known risks.