|Coordinates :||43 ° 21 ' N , 77 ° 27' E|
|Height :||1,214 m|
|Area :||25.8 km²|
|Residents :||31.001 (Jan. 1, 2020)|
|Population density :||1,202 inhabitants per km²|
|Time zone :||EKST ( UTC + 6 )|
|Telephone code :||(+7) 72775|
|Postal code :||040400-040403|
|License plate :||05 (old: B, V)|
|Location in Kazakhstan|
Jessik ( Kazakh Есік , Russian Есик ; until 1993 Issyk / Иссык) is a city in the Almaty region in Kazakhstan at the foot of the Transili-Alatau .
Jessik is located on the Jessik River , a left tributary of the Ili . The city is located 52 km east of Almaty , the former capital of Kazakhstan. Jessik is the administrative center of Jengbekschiqasaq County .
After the establishment of the Vernoye fortress , the local authorities decided to found several Cossack villages around Vernoye in order to strengthen the eastern borders of the Russian Empire . The city was originally founded in 1858 as Stanitsa Nadeschdinskaya ( Надеждинская ). From 1918 the place was called Issyk.
During the Soviet era, the place was one of the wealthiest settlements of the Kazakh SSR . There was a bakery and a dairy supplying bread and dairy products to the entire Jengbekschiqasaq district, a fruit and vegetable factory, a textile and clothing factory, and a rubber products factory. Livestock and agriculture developed around the town. Among other things, wheat, maize and potatoes were planted in the fields; Apple orchards were planted on the mountain slopes. The wine from the local winery was known throughout the Soviet Union.
On July 7, 1963 Issyk was hit by a mudslide . In the early hours of the morning, the earth wall that was holding back the water of Lake Issyk was broken. As a result, six million tons of mud and rocks poured into the valley and devastated the place. The Soviet media initially kept silent about the accident, and it was only more than two weeks later on July 25 that a report appeared in a regional newspaper. Several hundred houses were destroyed in Issyk, the exact number of fatalities is still unknown. Estimates range from one hundred to 1000 dead. Lake Issyk had completely disappeared.
In 1968 Issyk received city rights. On May 4, 1993, the transcription of the city name was changed from the Russian spelling Issyk to the Kazakh spelling Jessik.
sons and daughters of the town
- Willy Belizer (* 1985), German volleyball player
- Heinrich Schmidtgal (* 1985), German soccer player, Kazakh national player
- ↑ Численность населения Республики Казахстан по полу в разрезе областей и столицы, столицы, столицы, анколицы, столицы, городоав, областей и столицы, анкония, горойцы, коники, городоав,. ( Excel ; 96 KB) stat.gov.kz, accessed on July 19, 2020 (Russian).
- ↑ a b c Маленькая родина: Город Иссык (Есик) , accessed April 27, 2020 (Russian).
- ↑ 50 лет назад перестало существовать озеро Иссык. azattyq.org, accessed April 27, 2020 (Russian).
- ^ Kazakhstan: Cities and towns. pop-stat.mashke.org, accessed on August 5, 2019.