|Administrative headquarters :||Taldyqorghan|
|Founded:||March 10, 1932|
|Area :||223,911 km²|
|Residents :||2,055,724 (Jan 1, 2020)|
|Population density :||9 inhabitants per km²|
|Time zone :||EKST ( UTC + 6 )|
|Postal code :||04xxxx|
|Telephone code :||+7 (727), (728)|
|License plate :||05 (old: B, V)|
|ISO 3166-2 :||KZ-ALM|
|Äkim ( governor ) :||Amandyq Batalow|
|Location in Kazakhstan|
The Almaty region ( Kazakh. Алматы облысы / Almatı oblısı ; Russian Алматинская область / Almatinskaja Oblast ) is a province in Kazakhstan . This is the region bordering the city of Almaty (until 1994 Alma-Ata ), from which the name is derived. Although the province completely surrounds the city, it is not part of the administrative unit, but an independent district.
Almaty , Kazakhstan's largest city and former capital (in the times of the Soviet Union and in the early period of independence) is enclosed, but politically and administratively separated from the province (Almaty Oblast ).
Almaty Province borders on Kyrgyzstan and the Chinese Xinjiang (Sinkiang), the Uyghur Autonomous Region. It also borders three other Kazakh provinces: Shambyl in the west , Qaraghandy in the northeast and East Kazakhstan (Shyghys Qazaqstan) in the north.
The Lake Balkhash (on Kazakh Balkhash Koli) occupies a part of the province in the northwest. The south-eastern border with China and Kyrgyzstan (about 500 km as the crow flies) is occupied by the western part of the almost 2,000 km long Tian Shan Mountains, on whose northern flank Almaty lies.
Flora and fauna
The nature of the area of Almaty ( Seven Rivers Land ) is special due to its different geographical zones from the desert to eternal ice. A variety of plants, herbs and trees grow in the foothills and on the mountain slopes, hundreds of animal species live there, including the snow leopard. In the lower mountain zone (under 600 meters) there are green deciduous forests, in the floodplains there are orchards (especially apples), aspen forests and hawthorn bushes. The fauna is diverse. Here you can meet rabbits, squirrels, hamsters, badgers and brown bears. Mountain goats, Pamir sheep and gray steppe squirrels live in the high mountains. There are many birds in the forests: waxwings, owls, jackdaws, partridges and pheasants. The area around the Balkhash is best visited in mid-May, when the steppe is covered with a "red poppy flower carpet".
Neighboring states and territories
The province of Almaty has an area of about 224,000 km² , making it the fifth largest in Kazakhstan. The population is about two million (excluding the city of Almaty), the administrative capital of the province is Taldyqorghan with 115,000 inhabitants. About 65% of the population consists of ethnic Kazakhs , the second largest population group are the Russians with about 17.3% of the population, followed by the Uyghurs (9.2% of the total population), the Turks (2%), and Azerbaijanis (1.1%) ) and Soviet Koreans (1%). There are also larger numbers of Ukrainians , Tatars , Chechens and almost 13,000 Russian-Germans (0.8%). In 1989 the number was still more than 94,000 (at that time 5.7% of the population), but as a result of emigration to Germany, it has decreased drastically, especially in the first years after the collapse of the Soviet Union .
|Ethnic group||VZ 1989||VZ 1999||VZ 2009|
¹ census result
Politics and administration
The area is divided into 17 districts ( Kazakh Ауданы Audany ; Russian Район Rajon ). The three cities of Qapschaghai , Taldyqorghan and Tekeli each form their own urban district. Further places with the status of a city are Jessik , Qaskeleng , Sarqan , Scharkent , Talghar and Üschtöbe .
|Audany||Area [km²]||Residents||Administrative headquarters|
|As of January 1, 2020|
List of governors ( Kazakh Әкім , Äkim ) of the Almaty region since 1992:
|No.||Surname||Term of office (beginning)||Term of office (end)|
|4th||Samanbek Nurqadilow||December 1997||May 2001|
|5||Shalbay Qulmachanov||May 2001||August 11, 2005|
|6th||Serik Ümbetow||August 11, 2005||April 13, 2011|
|7th||Angsar Musakhanov||April 13, 2011||20th August 2014|
|8th||Amandyq Batalow||20th August 2014||officiating|
- ↑ Численность населения Республики Казахстан по полу в разрезе областей и столицы, столицы, столицы, анколицы, столицы, городоав, областей и столицы, анкония, горойцы, коники, городоав,. ( Excel ; 96 KB) stat.gov.kz, accessed on July 19, 2020 (Russian).
- ↑ Национальный состав населения Республики Казахстан ( Memento from January 17, 2013 in the Internet Archive )
- ↑ pop-stat.mashke.org: Ethnic composition: 1989 census (data for regions) , accessed June 24, 2017 (Russian).
- ↑ pop-stat.mashke.org: Ethnic composition: 1999 census (data for regions) , accessed June 24, 2017 (Russian).
- ↑ pop-stat.mashke.org: Ethnic composition: 2009 census , accessed June 24, 2017 (Russian).
Coordinates: 45 ° 0 ' N , 78 ° 0' E