|Morning notification of Jyllands-Posten|
|description||Danish daily newspaper|
|First edition||October 2, 1871|
|Frequency of publication||Every day|
|Sold edition||104,000 copies|
|(1st half of 2011)|
|editor||JP / Politikens Hus A / S|
Morgenavisen Jyllands-Posten ( German : Morgenzeitung Jütlands-Post ), based in Viby on the southwestern periphery of Aarhus, is the largest Danish daily newspaper with an average circulation of 104,000 copies per day (1st half of 2011). Since 2003 the paper has been published by the JP / Politikens Hus joint stock company, which also publishes the daily newspapers Politiken and Ekstra Bladet .
The sheet is considered to be economically liberal to conservative. Flemming Rose, editor of the cultural section, contradicted this view and emphasized the liberal line of Jyllands-Posten (" liberal in the European sense of the word "). Editor-in-chief Jørn Mikkelsen specifies the basic liberal attitude: “ a freedom-oriented view of life, a tolerant and humanitarian view of man and a democratic and socially responsible social system ”. In the course of the cartoon controversy from 2005, the newspaper underlined its role as a champion for freedom of expression and conscience. In this sense, letters to the editor are also printed that are sharply formulated as Eurosceptic, anti-immigrant or nationally conservative.
The Sueddeutsche Zeitung , according to the Jyllands-Posten since the 1990s Danish politics "journalistic escort on ... [the] way to a right-wing society" have given.
With its historical roots in the Jutland part of the country, the newspaper also gives the Danish province a voice that often believes it is in conflict with the influential center of the country, the capital Copenhagen. For example, the paper takes a stand against the traditionally tolerant stance of the capital's elites on socio-political issues. People like to rub themselves against the 1968 movement and its effects. In 2003 the newspaper refused to print Jesus cartoons because the readership could feel offended. An example of this orientation is the dispute over the alternative housing project Christiania , which was tolerated by the social democratic-dominated city of Copenhagen for a long time, while the newspaper and right-wing populist and conservative politicians polemicized against this project.
Jyllands-Posten was founded on October 2, 1871 as a newspaper with a bourgeois stamp, which was to serve the entire Jutian market. In her orientation she was critical of the liberal party Venstre and turned against political and cultural Københavneri , that is, against the Copenhagen-favoring behavior (of the capital city) at the expense of the rest of the country. From 1877 the paper tended to take a conservative line and began to adopt a negative attitude towards social liberalism under Søren Wittrup Nielsens as editor-in-chief (1895–1927) .
The newspaper supported the Conservative People's Party in the 1920s and 1930s . During this phase, racist undertones and anti-Semitic statements were not uncommon. Italian fascism and Hitler's rise in Germany were applauded by foreign correspondents and editorial writers. This milieu included the employees Hans Jørgen Hansen , Lasse Egebjerg and the Danish pastor and writer Kaj Munk .
On the eve of the Second World War , Jyllands-Posten distanced itself from Nazi Germany by speaking out in favor of strengthening the Danish defense, while supporting the Danish sentiment in southern Schleswig . The Soviet Union and world communism were heavily criticized at this time, but the dangers of a German war of conquest were not recognized in its dimensions. In contrast to the capital's leading newspapers, Jyllands-Posten opposed the non-aggression pact signed in 1939 between the government of Denmark and the German Reich.
Even when Jyllands-Posten declared itself an independent, bourgeois newspaper in 1938 and broke away from the Danish conservatives , it remained the spokesman for political and economic liberalism . At the same time, the largest provincial newspaper in Denmark since 1932 represented Jutian interests, which survived the later transformation into a national newspaper, albeit to a lesser extent.
From the 1960s, the company expanded, and at the end of the decade it also conquered the market in the capital region . The expansion was manifested through a name change to Morgenavisen Jyllands-Posten in 1969 and the expansion of the editorial offices to several regions of the country. At the same time there was a newspaper war in the home town of Aarhus against the competing Århus Stiftstidende by Jyllands-Posten issuing local editions for individual city districts. The conflict did not end until 1976 when a settlement was reached and Jyllands-Posten withdrew from the town's last remaining local newspaper .
The introduction of modern printing processes by means of photo typesetting led to individual work stoppages from 1973 onwards and culminated in a three-week strike in 1977. On the one hand, the dispute was a solidarity strike for the typographers of the Copenhagen Berlingske ; on the other hand, the technical staff feared having to accept layoffs themselves. Individual agreements were finally negotiated between the conflicting parties, one of which provided for Jyllands-Posten to deregister from the Danish employers' association (Dansk Arbejdsgiverforening) .
Jyllands-Posten caught up with Denmark's largest-circulation, reputable newspapers, Berlingske and Politiken , in the late 1980s and overtook them in the struggle for market share in the early 1990s. 1995–1996 the tabloids B.T. and Ekstra Bladet and Jyllands-Posten has since taken a leading position in the Danish newspaper market.
In September 2005, the paper published twelve cartoons under the title The Face of Mohammeds ( Danish: Muhammeds ansigt ). These depicted Mohammed with, among other things, a bomb as a turban. Since the depiction of Mohammed is not allowed in Islam, demonstrations were made against these caricatures and some of the demonstrators demanded that the newspaper and the cartoonists punish them. This was rejected, among other things, by the Danish government on the grounds that the freedom of the press and expression was in force. Further publications of the cartoons in European newspapers resulted in an international diplomatic crisis between the EU and a number of states in which the majority of the population is Muslim, in particular Arab countries and Iran . In some Muslim countries the boycott of Danish products was called for, Danish flags were burned during demonstrations and embassies were stormed.
In 2008 the newspaper again published cartoons of Mohammed. The responsible feature editor of the newspaper Flemming Rose sees the action as part of a “daily global struggle for freedom of expression”.
Since the Mohammed crisis in Denmark , the editors of the Jyllands-Posten in Viby, as well as individual journalists, have been declared targets for Muslim extremists. The editorial building has been strongly secured since the crisis. There have been several unsuccessful attempted attacks, including an attempted letter bomb attack. On February 17, 2006, following the Islamic Friday prayer in Meerut, the Indian politician and minister for the Muslim minority in Uttar Pradesh , Haji Yakub Qureshi , offered a bounty of almost 10 million euros for the decapitation of one of the Danish cartoonists of the Muhammad cartoons .
Several Danish journalists see parallels between the attempted attacks on Jyllands-Posten and other Danish newspapers and the attack on Charlie Hebdo in January 2015.
Working grant Berlin
The Jyllands-Postens Fonds maintains a grant-holder apartment in the center of Berlin . Danish visual artists and writers can apply for a one-month work stay. Travel expenses are subsidized.
- Control speech oplagstal 1st halvår 2011 ( Memento of the original from February 25, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Danske Dagblades Forening, November 22, 2011, accessed February 5, 2014
- Presentation of the political position (offline)
- Greeting (Danish) website of the newspaper, accessed on February 5, 2014
- “Jyllands-Posten. Journalistic escort “ Süddeutsche Zeitung, February 7, 2006
- "Danish paper rejected Jesus cartoons" , The Guardian , February 6th 2006
- Den Store Danske: Jyllands-Posten , accessed on August 28, 2011 (Danish)
- Den Danske Ordbog : københavneri , accessed on August 30, 2011 (Danish)
- Jyllands-Posten: JP historie 1918 - 1939 ( Memento of the original from February 13, 2006 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Morten Thing: Jyllands-Posten, dictaturet, krystalnatten og jøderne , Roskilde 2013. PDF online
- Jyllands-Posten: JP's historie 1918-39 ( Memento of the original from July 19, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , accessed on August 30, 2011 (Danish)
- Den Store Danske : Århus Stiftstidende , accessed on August 30, 2011 (Danish)
- Jyllands-Posten: JP's historie 1971-1989 ( Memento of the original from August 25, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , accessed on August 30, 2011 (Danish)
- The mirror : - MOHAMMED CARTOONS - Global struggle for freedom of expression February 12, 2008
- "Charlie" assassination and "Jyllands-Posten" - "Shocked, but not surprised". taz.de, January 8, 2015, accessed on January 13, 2015 .
- London: Tens of thousands protest against cartoons. spiegel.de, February 18, 2006, accessed on January 13, 2015 .
- Legatbolig i Berlin for danske kunstnere jp.dk, accessed on February 5, 2014