St. Michael College
|St. Michael College
|type of school
|Freiburg in Üechtland
|more than 1300 (2016)
The Jesuit Church of St. Michael , which belongs to the college , was built from 1604 to 1613 in the late Gothic style. The buildings of the college date from the Renaissance period and were mostly built towards the end of the 16th century.
The College of St. Michael was on June 11, 1582 at the instigation of Pope Gregory XIII. founded and opened on October 18, 1582. The first rector was Peter Michael (1549–1596) from Silesia . A leading figure in the history of the college was Petrus Canisius, who was later canonized until his death in 1597 .
When Pope Clement XIV repealed the Jesuit order in 1773, the Jesuits remained in the college as secular chaplains, and after the restoration of the order in 1814, the Freiburg government returned sole responsibility for the school to them in 1818. After Freiburg's defeat in the Sonderbund War , the Jesuits had to leave the college for good and it was converted into a cantonal school. The theological faculty of the college was the nucleus of the University of Freiburg, founded in 1889 .
St. Michael and St. Nicholas
At the patronage festival of the Cathedral of St. Nicholas and the city of Friborg on the first Saturday of December every year, a student of the St. Michael College dressed as St. Nicholas walks with a donkey at the head of a parade through the old town and then stops from a platform above the Portal of the cathedral a speech with satirical allusions to the events of the past year in the College and in the city.
The valete is a festival that traditionally ends the school year of the St. Michael College. On the last day of school, all students take part in games (since the 1960s), and in the evening there are concerts in the Kollegiumshof, which, unlike the daytime activities, are open to everyone, as is the anus , which has ended the festivities in recent years. Since 1991 a group of the teaching staff has appeared about every two years. A class of the 3rd year organizes the valete . It elects a student committee, which is supported by the administrator and a director.
- Pierre-André Bovey , flautist and composer
- Jacques Chessex , writer
- Joseph Deiss , former Federal Councilor
- Louis Dupraz , State Councilor of the Canton of Friborg
- Charles Journet , cardinal
- Gonzague de Reynold , literary historian
- Joseph Bovet , composer
- Léon Savary , writer and journalist
- Peter Scholl-Latour , journalist and publicist
- Norbert Moret , composer
- Marc Moret , manager
- Daniel Vasella , doctor and manager
- Adriano Soldini , rector and writer
- Martin Suter , writer
- Erich von Däniken , writer
- Charles Clerc , television presenter
- Georges Python , President of the Council of States, main founder of the University of Friborg (Switzerland)
- Dominique de Buman , National Councilor
- Thierry Carrel , cardiac surgeon
- Wilhelm Wilmers , theologian
- Pierre Tobie Yenni , Bishop of Lausanne-Geneva
- Joseph Zimmermann , missionary of the Society for Africa Missions
- Maurice Zundel , clergyman, theologian and philosopher
- Léon Savary : Le Collège Saint-Michel de Friborg. Victor Attinger , Paris / Neuchâtel 1932.
- Matthias Wider et al .: The College of St. Michel today - Le collège St-Michel aujourd'hui. Éditions La Sarine, Freiburg 2017, ISBN 978-2-88355-176-3 .