Background to the creation of this award
The southern army group captured from autumn 1941 to summer 1942, the peninsula of Crimea . After the fighting ended, on July 25, 1942, the Crimean Shield was donated by Adolf Hitler to commemorate the fighting in the 11th Army under Field Marshal General Erich von Manstein .
Ordinance on the Foundation of the Crimean Shield of July 25, 1942
- Article 1: As a reminder of the heroic battles for the Crimea, I am drawing the Crimean shield.
- Article 2: The Crimean shield is worn with the uniform on the left upper arm.
- Article 3:
- (1) The Crimean Shield is awarded as a combat badge to all members of the Wehrmacht and persons subordinate to the Wehrmacht who took part in the fighting for the Crimea on land, in the air and at sea from September 21, 1941 to July 4, 1942 .
- (2) The award is carried out in my name by Field Marshal von Manstein.
- Article 4: The entrusted receives a certificate of possession.
- Article 5: Implementation regulations are issued by the Chief of the High Command of the Wehrmacht.
The Crimean shield could be awarded to all members of the Wehrmacht and persons subordinate to the Wehrmacht who participated in the fighting for the Crimea from September 21, 1941 to July 4, 1942. H. south of the Isthmus of Perekop , on land, in the air and on water, had "honored" participated and met one of the following conditions:
- Participate in a battle . According to the Foundation Ordinance, the following battles were recognized:
- Breakthrough battle at Perekop from September 21 to 30, 1941
- Breakthrough battle near Yushun from October 18-27 , 1941
- Persecution battles in the Crimea, Kerch breakthrough October 28 to November 16, 1941
- First attack on Sevastopol December 17-31, 1941
- Battle of Feodosiya January 15-18, 1942
- Defensive battles at the Parpatsch position from January 19 to May 7, 1942
- Reconquest of the Kerch Peninsula from May 8 to 21, 1942
- Capture of Sevastopol from June 7 to July 4, 1942
- uninterrupted stay (south of the Genischesk - Salkowo -Perekop line) of three months in the Crimea (places included)
The map of the Crimean peninsula shown shows the battles mentioned in the Foundation Ordinance as well as the general award limit of the Crimean shield at the top of the picture. The award proposals for the Crimean Shield had to be submitted to the Army High Command by March 31, 1943 , and these had to be completed by October 1, 1943. The Crimean shield was also given to soldiers in the Romanian armed forces.
The award took place “in the name of the Führer”, Field Marshal von Manstein. The entrusted also received a certificate of ownership. The sleeve shield could also be awarded posthumously . In this case, the Krimschild with the award certificate was sent to the bereaved.
The Crimean shield, like all armored shields of the Wehrmacht, was worn with the uniform on the left upper arm. It could also be worn with all party and state uniforms. A reduced form (16 mm needle) of the Crimean shield on the left cloak of the skirt was allowed to be worn with bourgeois clothing. Soldiers with several arm shields ( Narvik shield , Cholm shield ) and the Krim shield mentioned here wore the first shield approx. 7 cm from the armhole seam of the left upper sleeve of the field blouse and coat. The second shield was placed 0.5 cm below the cloth pad of the first shield. Holders of three shields wore the Cholm and Krim shield side by side , 0.5 cm below the cloth underlay of the Narvik shield, namely the Cholm in front of the Crimean shield.
The exact number of awards, including those to Romanians, is no longer known as the documents are considered lost. It is believed that between 200,000 and 300,000 sleeve shields were issued. Including two gold-plated sleeve shields for:
Material and appearance
The Crimean shield itself was mostly punched from simple sheet iron, later also made from fine zinc. The shield has a rounded shape and an imperial eagle is depicted on its upper edge . Under the wings of the eagle the year 1941 can be seen on the left and the year 1942 on the right . The main part of the shield is the raised, stamped geographical representation of the Crimea together with its northern foothills (today's names: Kherson and Zaporizhia ). In the relief of the Crimea, the word KRIM is stamped in capital letters running diagonally to the lower right.
According to the law on titles, medals and decorations of July 26, 1957, wearing the award in the Federal Republic of Germany is only permitted without National Socialist emblems.
- Heinrich Doehle : The awards of the Greater German Reich. Orders, decorations, badges. 4th expanded edition. Erdmenger, Berlin 1943, p. 84 (reprint edition. Melchior-Verlag, Wolfenbüttel 2008, ISBN 978-3-939791-93-5 ( historical library )).
- Hans-Ulrich Krantz: Orders and decorations of the Federal Republic of Germany. Maximilian-Verlag, Cologne et al. 1958.
- Kurt-G. Klietmann : Awards of the German Reich 1936–1945. A documentation of civil and military badges of merit and honor. 11th edition. Motorbuch-Verlag, Stuttgart 2004, ISBN 3-87943-689-4 , p. 88 ff.
- Ordinance on the Foundation of the Crimean Shield of July 25, 1942, RGBl. Part I, p. 487.
- General Army Communication 1942, 20th edition, p. 383, item 717.
- Luftwaffe Ordinance Sheet 1942, 33rd edition, p. 1115.
- Marine Ordinance Sheet 1942, Issue 31, Page 862, Item 741.
- wear several arm shields. In: Uniforms Market . Born 1943, issue 1/2.