Leubnitz (Werdau)

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Coordinates: 50 ° 43 ′ 19 ″  N , 12 ° 21 ′ 10 ″  E
Height : 292 m
Area : 29.48 km²
Incorporation : January 1, 1999
Postal code : 08412
Area code : 03761
Leubnitz (Saxony)

Location of Leubnitz in Saxony

Leubnitz is a district of Werdau in the Saxon district of Zwickau in the Free State of Saxony and is divided into the districts of Leubnitz-Forst, Neudeck and the Leubnitzer Waldsiedlung .


Leubnitz was settled around 1200 as a forest hoof village in the course of the second stage of the eastern colonization . The founders built an early German moated castle . The castle, which still exists today, was built on the foundation walls of this former facility in 1870, and is the most striking building in the town.

Local history

The first written mention of Leubnitz comes from the year 1333 as Lybennicz . At first the place was presumably under the possession of the bailiffs von Weida . The Wettins took possession of the land as early as the 15th century . The large forest area around Leubnitz determined life in the village, resin and pitch were extracted and there was a charcoal burning plant . There were also three water mills and a windmill , plus millers , blacksmiths , bricklayers and carpenters . In 1572 the first village baker was mentioned.

In the 16th century, the Elector of Saxony gave the order to transport the trees cut down in the forest area via a rafting company along the Pleiße to Leipzig , where they were needed as construction timber . This business was operated for over 150 years and a raft house was built, which later served as an inn for a long time. There was a school and in 1836 a sheep's wool mill . This was the beginning of the long successful textile industry in the region around Werdau.

Railway bridge over the Leubnitz valley

As part of the industrialization developed in Leubnitz five Vigogne - spinning mills , a woolen mill, a leguminous plant, four brickworks , a steam sawmill and a factory for technical fats and oils for the automotive industry . The construction of the railway required a railway bridge over the Leubnitz valley. This is still a technical monument today , 22 meters high with 10 arches, made of Leubnitz bricks. In the summer of 1845 the first train passed this structure. The viaduct was designed by chief engineer Robert Wilke (1804–1889) and served as a model for the famous Göltzschtal bridge .

The place developed, a new school was inaugurated, there was a volunteer fire brigade and in 1922 an outdoor swimming pool was built. The former Mayor of Leubnitz, Morgenroth, who was in office from 1910 to 1938, wrote a detailed list of regional history. In 1918 the era of the Kingdom of Saxony ended with the First World War and Ernst Grube founded the local group of the KPD in the village . At this time the workers organized against the Reichswehr and later against National Socialism in Germany. In 1933 Leubnitz had 4968 inhabitants and was part of the Werdau administration .

At the end of the Second World War , there were two bomb attacks on Leubnitz. On April 9, 1945, six and on April 10, 1945 eight attack aircraft of the 9th US Air Force attacked the town and the nearby Werdau station with a total of 48 bombs. 44 people lost their lives, 33 were seriously injured. A few days later, Leubnitz was occupied by the US Army .

The Americans moved into the castle and set up a collection camp for prisoners of war on a cow pasture behind the manor . The then mayor, a member of the SA , was arrested. After the Potsdam Conference , the site was transferred to the Soviet zone of occupation , and the US Army withdrew its forces from West Saxony to Bavaria .

In September 1945 the land reform began in Germany , the local factories and businesses as well as the castle and manor were expropriated on behalf of the Soviet military administration in Germany and made public property . The municipal administration moved into the castle in 1947 and the place belonged to the GDR since 1949 . In 1952 Leubnitz is divided within the circle reforms in the GDR the district Karl-Marx-Stadt , Kreis Werdau to. At the same time, the first agricultural production cooperative (LPG) was founded in 1952 and in 1970 there was a merger of the LPGs of Leubnitz, Ruppertsgrün , Steinpleis and Gospersgrün .

Leubnitz citizens took part in the peaceful demonstrations in Werdau in 1989; A round table was held in the town hall as a discussion. The German reunification was welcomed by the citizens and in 1991 the construction of the new housing estate "Am Park" began. Leubnitz is growing and so far over 50 businesses have settled.

Leubnitz Manor

Leubnitz Castle

The Leubnitz manor was taken over by the von Uttenhofen family around 1540 . They had a castle built around a moat. In 1637 the raft master Hans Abel Ficker acquired the manor. His sons sold it in 1677. The subsequent owners were the noble families von Römer , von Weißenbach , von Wolffersdorff , von Lindenfels and von Beust . In 1870 Bernhard Freiherr von Beust sold the manor to the coal mine owner Carl Friedrich Ebert, who had the castle rebuilt in the same year and decorated in the style of the Loire castles. The owner was the manufacturer Wilhelm Zacher (from 1924 also at Blankenhain Castle ), then from 1925 to 1945 his son-in-law Paul Hupfer.

In the course of the land reform, the manor was divided into farms; refugees were housed in the castle. From 1947 the castle served as the town hall of the Leubnitz community. From 1992 to 1998 the community carried out extensive restoration work. After the incorporation in Werdau, the castle was sold in 2004 to a private owner who uses it as a residential building.

Culture and sights

  • See also: List of cultural monuments in Leubnitz
  • Leubnitz Castle, built in 1870
  • Leubnitz Viaduct, brick construction from 1845
  • Discotheque LINDE , Wettiner Str. 32
  • Leubnitzer Heimatverein, railway settlement
  • Festival area “Zum Leubnitzer”, setting the maypole, mulled wine festival

Partial view of Leubnitz

The picture shows the Werzeit district of Leubnitz


  • The district of Werdau. Interesting facts from the past and present , ISBN 3-89264-886-7
  • Richard Steche : Leubnitz. In:  Descriptive representation of the older architectural and art monuments of the Kingdom of Saxony. 12. Issue: Zwickau Official Authority . CC Meinhold, Dresden 1889, p. 37.

Individual evidence

  1. Leubnitz Viaduct and Göltzschtal Bridge .
  2. ^ Norbert Peschke : Zwickau and Planitz in a hail of bombs . Sutton-Verlag 2004. ISBN 3-89702-734-8 . P. 115
  3. Development of the company Zacher & Hupfer incl. Expropriation (transition to VEB ZWEIGA)  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. .@1@ 2Template: Toter Link / www.archiv.sachsen.de  
  4. Development of the company Kahnes & Köhler including expropriation (transition to VEB ZWEIGA) ( Memento of the original from September 3, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. . @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.archiv.sachsen.de

Web links

Commons : Leubnitz  - Collection of images, videos and audio files