Martin planner

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Martin Planer (* around 1510 in Neustädtel ; † February 24, 1582 in the Teichmühle near Großhartmannsdorf ) was a senior miner from Saxony.

Live and act

Memorial plaque in Freiberg, Pfarrgasse 20

Planner worked as an arch boy and miner in the Schneeberg mining industry. There he was appointed Steiger and Art Steiger. After 1550, the planner worked as an art enthusiast in the Freiberg district and in 1555 received citizenship of the mountain town. At the beginning of his mining activity, the planner expanded the tunnel system in Freiberg mining, which enabled deeper deposits to be developed. He then devoted himself to machine technology, he installed a total of 38 artifacts in the Freiberg and Brander mining and was able to reduce the costs for pegs and servants to around 20% of the originally spent sums.

In 1557 he was appointed mountain master in Freiberg. From 1558, the construction of the system of artificial trenches and artificial ponds designed by the planner to collect impact water from the upper mountains into the Freiberg district began. With this he laid the basis for the system of the Revierwasserlaufanstalt . In 1569 the plans for a raft ditch followed from the forests in the headwaters of the Flöha to the Freiberger Mulde , which had to cross the watershed between the two river catchment areas. But it was not until the 17th century that the Neugraben rafts came into being according to new plans by the chief smelter Friedrich Lingke. The creation of the Elster raft ditch is also a work of the planner. In Beyern and Limehna planners operating gold soaps .

Planner made a name for himself in hydraulic engineering , which led to his being entrusted with the construction of wells. In 1561 he erected field rods, 715 m long, driven by a twenty cubits large water wheel , which carried water from the Letzschtal to Stolpen Castle . In 1562 the well was excavated on the Königstein Fortress , which was completed in 1571. From 1568 he also led the sinking of the well, which was completed in 1572, at the Augustusburg Hunting Lodge . The salt pans in Artern and Poserna were also built according to Planer's plans . In 1576/77 he dug the new trench from the Schwarzen Elster to Annaburg .

For his services , Elector August 1566 enfeoffed him with the Teichmühle am Zehntelteich . After the death of Simon Bogner in 1568, Planer was his successor as Bergvogt . A year later he was appointed mountain administrator . From 1574 he worked as a senior Bergmeister in Freiberg and practiced under mines, Wolf von Schoenberg overseeing the Saxon mines from. His successor as chief miner was Christoph Werner.

With his wife Walpurga, Planer had a son (Jacob) and four daughters, one of whom was married to the mountain manager David Greuss.


  • Martin Planer - his life and his time. Lectures of the scientific conference "Martin Planer - his life and his time" from October 3rd to 5th 1997 in the mountain town of Schneeberg . In: Saxon State Office for Folk Culture / City Administration Schneeberg (Ed.): Conference proceedings . Schneeberg 1997.
  • Manfred Bachmann (Ed.): Martin Planer - chief miner and well builder. In: Small chronicle of great masters - Erzgebirge we are proud of. Part 1, printer and publisher Mike Rockstroh, Aue 2000, pp. 16-17.