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Coat of arms of Nędza
Nędza (Poland)
Basic data
State : Poland
Voivodeship : Silesia
Powiat : Racibórz
Geographic location : 50 ° 10 '  N , 18 ° 19'  E Coordinates: 50 ° 9 '38 "  N , 18 ° 18' 47"  E
Residents : see Gmina
Postal code : 47-440
Telephone code : (+48) 32
License plate : SRC
Economy and Transport
Street : Kuźnia Raciborska - Racibórz
Rudy Wielkie - Racibórz
Rail route : Opole – Racibórz
Rybnik – Nędza
Next international airport : Gidle Airport
Gminatype: Urban and rural municipality
Gmina structure: 7 school offices
Surface: 57.14 km²
Residents: 7433
(June 30, 2019)
Population density : 130 inhabitants / km²
Community number  ( GUS ): 2411062
Administration (as of 2008)
Community leader : Anna Iskała
ul.Sobieskiego 5 47-440 Nędza
Website : www.nedza.pl

Nędza (German until 1910 Nendza ; 1910–1914 Nensa ; 1914–1945 Buchenau ) is a municipality in the powiat Raciborski , in the western part of the Silesian Voivodeship on the upper reaches of the Oder .


Catholic parish church

At the beginning of the 17th century, Hans Freiherr von Mettich founded the village of Nendza in a forest area instead of a drained pond.

In 1742 Nendza was assigned to Prussia and in 1816 to the district of Ratibor . The village was parish after Markowitz.

In 1910 the spelling Nensa became the official place name; In 1914 the village was finally renamed Buchenau .

After the First World War, during a bloody uprising in 1921, a referendum decided whether Upper Silesia would belong to the state. In Buchenau (Nensa) 472 or 71.95% of the valid votes were cast in favor of remaining with Germany. Buchenau remained in Germany, but became a border town. In 1926 an independent parish Buchenau was founded and the church building from 1908 was expanded.

After the Second World War, Buchenau was incorporated into the Polish state and the place name was changed to Nędza .

Since not all German residents had fled or were expelled, a minority of German descent could survive in the area. According to the last Polish census of 2002, 10.47% of the community population belong to the German minority , and another 8.10% describe themselves as "Silesians".


Nędza station is located at the junction of the Katowice – Nędza line from the Kędzierzyn-Koźle – Bohumín line .

local community

The rural community consists of the districts

  • Nędza (Buchenau)
  • Zawada Książęca (Ducal Zawada)
  • Babice (Babitz, 1936–1945 young birch trees)
  • Górki Śląskie (Gurek)
  • Ciechowice (Schichowitz)
  • Szymocice (Schymotschütz)
  • Łęg (Leng)

In a clockwise direction, the municipality borders on the municipality of Kuźnia Raciborska (Ratiborhammer) from the north, the municipality Lyski and the city of Racibórz (Ratibor) in the south and the municipality Rudnik in the west .

The Łężczok Nature Reserve is located in the municipality .


  • Alojzy Marcol (1931–2017), Roman Catholic priest and professor

Web links

Commons : Nędza  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. population. Size and Structure by Territorial Division. As of June 30, 2019. Główny Urząd Statystyczny (GUS) (PDF files; 0.99 MiB), accessed December 24, 2019 .
  2. See voting results on oberschlesien.de  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.@1@ 2Template: Toter Link / www.oberschlesien.de  
  3. See Internetowy System Aktów Prawnych (in Polish)  ( page can no longer be accessed , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.@1@ 2Template: Dead Link / isip.sejm.gov.pl