|Geographic location :|
|Residents :||see Gmina|
|Postal code :||47-440|
|Telephone code :||(+48) 32|
|License plate :||SRC|
|Economy and Transport|
|Street :||Kuźnia Raciborska - Racibórz|
|Rudy Wielkie - Racibórz|
|Rail route :||Opole – Racibórz|
|Rybnik – Nędza|
|Next international airport :||Gidle Airport|
|Gminatype:||Urban and rural municipality|
|Gmina structure:||7 school offices|
(June 30, 2019)
|Population density :||130 inhabitants / km²|
|Community number ( GUS ):||2411062|
|Administration (as of 2008)|
|Community leader :||Anna Iskała|
ul.Sobieskiego 5 47-440 Nędza
Nędza (German until 1910 Nendza ; 1910–1914 Nensa ; 1914–1945 Buchenau ) is a municipality in the powiat Raciborski , in the western part of the Silesian Voivodeship on the upper reaches of the Oder .
At the beginning of the 17th century, Hans Freiherr von Mettich founded the village of Nendza in a forest area instead of a drained pond.
In 1742 Nendza was assigned to Prussia and in 1816 to the district of Ratibor . The village was parish after Markowitz.
In 1910 the spelling Nensa became the official place name; In 1914 the village was finally renamed Buchenau .
After the First World War, during a bloody uprising in 1921, a referendum decided whether Upper Silesia would belong to the state. In Buchenau (Nensa) 472 or 71.95% of the valid votes were cast in favor of remaining with Germany. Buchenau remained in Germany, but became a border town. In 1926 an independent parish Buchenau was founded and the church building from 1908 was expanded.
After the Second World War, Buchenau was incorporated into the Polish state and the place name was changed to Nędza .
Since not all German residents had fled or were expelled, a minority of German descent could survive in the area. According to the last Polish census of 2002, 10.47% of the community population belong to the German minority , and another 8.10% describe themselves as "Silesians".
The rural community consists of the districts
- Nędza (Buchenau)
- Zawada Książęca (Ducal Zawada)
- Babice (Babitz, 1936–1945 young birch trees)
- Górki Śląskie (Gurek)
- Ciechowice (Schichowitz)
- Szymocice (Schymotschütz)
- Łęg (Leng)
In a clockwise direction, the municipality borders on the municipality of Kuźnia Raciborska (Ratiborhammer) from the north, the municipality Lyski and the city of Racibórz (Ratibor) in the south and the municipality Rudnik in the west .
The Łężczok Nature Reserve is located in the municipality .
- Alojzy Marcol (1931–2017), Roman Catholic priest and professor
- population. Size and Structure by Territorial Division. As of June 30, 2019. Główny Urząd Statystyczny (GUS) (PDF files; 0.99 MiB), accessed December 24, 2019 .
- See voting results on oberschlesien.de ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- See Internetowy System Aktów Prawnych (in Polish) ( page can no longer be accessed , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.