|Area :||0.84 km²|
|Geographic location :|
|Height :||145 m npm|
|Residents :||414 (March 31, 2011)|
|Postal code :||46-073|
|Telephone code :||(+48) 77|
|License plate :||OPO|
|Economy and Transport|
|Street :||Ext. 459 Opole - Skorogoszcz|
|Next international airport :||Wroclaw|
Niewodniki (Ger. Niewodnik , 1936–45 Fischbach OS ) is a place in Upper Silesia . The village is located in the municipality of Dambrau ( Dąbrowa ) in the Powiat Opolski ( Opole District ) in the Opole Voivodeship in Poland.
Niewodniki is located in the west of the historical region of Upper Silesia . The village is located about ten kilometers northeast of the municipality of Dambrau and thirteen kilometers northwest of the district town and voivodeship capital Opole ( Opole ). Niewodniki is located in the Nizina Śląska (Silesian Plain) within the Równina Wrocławska ( Wrocław Plain ) on the edge of the Równina Niemodlińska (Falkenberg Plain) .
The first written mention of the village comes from the beginning of the 13th century. The village was first mentioned in 1223 as Nevodnizi . In 1283 the village is mentioned again and counted a Schulzen and a hoof constitution. In 1447 a parish church was mentioned, which has not existed since the early modern period.
After the reorganization of the province of Silesia , the rural community of Niewodnik belonged to the district of Falkenberg OS in the administrative district of Opole from 1818 . In 1845 there was a castle and 74 houses in the village. In the same year 487 people lived in Niewodnik, 19 of them Protestants. In 1855 538 people lived in the village. In 1865 the village had ten farmers, 14 gardeners and 13 cottagers. The residents of Zelasno were schooled. In 1874 the administrative district of Norok was founded, which consisted of the rural communities rural communities Karbischau, Niewodnik and Norok and the manor districts Karbischau, Niewodnik and Norok. In 1885 Niewodnik had 416 inhabitants.
In 1900 a church was built in the village. In 1925, 555 people lived in Niewodniki. In 1933 570 people lived in Niewodnik. On June 10, 1936 the place name was changed to Fischbach OS . In 1939 530 people lived there. Until the end of the war in 1945 the place belonged to the district of Falkenberg OS
The last resident of the castle was Elisabeth von Flotow. This left the property on January 22, 1945, shortly before the arrival of the Red Army. Seven houses and 18 barns in the village were destroyed by the effects of the war. On January 27, 1945, the Red Army moved into Fischbach OS. After that, the previously German place came under Polish administration and was renamed Niewodniki and connected to Gmina Dąbrowa . In 1950 the place came to the Opole Voivodeship . In 1997 the village was flooded during the Oder flood of the century. In 1999 the place came to the re-established Powiat Opolski .
- Niewodniki Castle was built in the French style in 1872 by Julius Wichelhaus. The last resident was Elisabeth von Flotow. Today the castle is used as a hotel.
- The Roman Catholic Church of the Birth of the Virgin Mary was built in 1900.
- Crossroads at ul. Opolska
- Cemetery chapel
- History of Niewodniki (Polish)
- CIS 2011: Ludność w miejscowościach statystycznych według ekonomicznych grup wieku ( XLSX file, Polish), March 31, 2011, accessed on August 7, 2019
- Johann Georg Knie: Alphabetical-statistical-topographical overview of the villages, towns, cities and other places of the royal family. Preuss. Province of Silesia. Breslau 1845, p. 448.
- Heimatverein des Kreis Falkenberg O / S: Heimatbuch des Kreis Falkenberg in Oberschlesien. Scheinfeld, 1971. pp. 158-159
- Cf. Felix Triest: Topographisches Handbuch von Oberschlesien. Breslau 1865, p. 1160.
- Territorial District Norok
- District of Falkenberg OS
- Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. Landkreis Falkenberg (Polish Niemodlin). (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
- History of the Dambrau community (Polish)