The Basilica of the Seven Sorrows of Mary is a Baroque , Roman Catholic parish and pilgrimage church on the top of the Pöstlingberg in Linz district Pöstlingberg . In 1964 the church was opened by Pope Paul VI. raised to the minor basilica .
The pilgrimage is based on the miraculous image of Maria Pöstlingberg, a wooden figure Pietà with a crowned Maria with a sword in her chest to commemorate the pain of Mary . The picture justified the construction of the pilgrimage church on Pöstlingberg in Linz as the Church of the Seven Sorrows of Mary.
In 1716 the lay brother Franz Anton Obermayr from the Capuchin monastery in Urfahr carried the figure of Our Lady of Sorrows made by Ignaz Jobst to the Pöstlingberg and attached it to a weather cross.
From 1720 the figure became a place of pilgrimage as a miraculous image and soon a wooden chapel was built to accommodate the votive offerings. From 1734 Franz Anton Obermayr lived as a hermit on the Pöstlingberg. As a result, Joseph Gundomar Graf Starhemberg founded a church. From 1742 the church was built according to the plans of the builder Johann Matthias Krinner . His son, the builder Franz Xaver Krinner, is expected to help build the facade of the church. In 1747 the miraculous image was transferred to the completed choir, in 1748 the central building was completed and the church was consecrated. The facade construction was completed around 1774. The entire church was consecrated in 1786 when it was elevated to parish church. From 1891 to 1892 the tower helmets were put on according to the plans of the architect Raimund Jeblinger ; fires destroyed the roof structure in 1919 and 1963. The forecourt with balustrade was built in 1937.
The late baroque church
The church is a cross-domed church and has a circular central space. The cross forms the longitudinal space with the transverse space, whereby the space in front of the entrance with the organ gallery is short and the transverse arms are also short, while the west-facing choir is elongated. The central space carries over the four turned rounded corners of crossing the Pendentifkuppel on corner pendentives . In the east, a facade with the portal was built at the entrance. The portal is accessed via a two-armed staircase and in front of the portal is a small terrace as a waiting area.
The exterior of the church is determined by the facade construction with a richly structured double tower facade, the central part bulges slightly forward. The double tower facade is the dominant face to the city of Linz. The facade is white and bright pink, the spiers, which are also richly structured, are black. The other smooth facades depict the cross-domed church. The right transverse arm facade shows the stone castle style of the Mühlviertel . The right and rear facade is shingled with fiber cement panels. The left longitudinal façade is simply plastered and has a fresco in the choir area with a sundial depicting Franz Anton Obermayr transferring the miraculous image to the newly built church . The dome is covered by the hipped roof. The lower two-storey extensions from the choir angle to the apse are symmetrical. In the south is the sacristy on the ground floor and the oratory chapel on the upper floor. In the north, the votive chapel and a funeral hall are divided on the ground floor and the so-called old school on the upper floor.
- Dehio Linz 2009 , Linz north of the Danube, sacred buildings, Pöstlingbergkirche , p. 488 to 493.
- Pöstlingberg Basilica Linz. Parish and pilgrimage church in honor of the Seven Sorrows of Mary on the Pöstlingberg near Linz. Diocese of Linz, Parish Linz-Pöstlingberg, Upper Austria. Text by Josef Merz ( OSFS ) and Josef Pichler (OSFS), photos by Michael Oberer, church guide with 20 pages, Kunstverlag Hofstetter, Ried im Innkreis 2011.
- Heidelinde Dimt: Pilgrimage medals from Pöstlingberg. In: Historisches Jahrbuch der Stadt Linz 1985. Linz 1985, pp. 35–50, online (PDF; 1.2 MB) in the forum OoeGeschichte.at.
- Hans Wagner: 250 years of pilgrimage to Pöstlingberg. Devotional pictures from the Hans Wagner collection. The Pöstlingsberg through the ages. Wartberg an der Aist 1997, 55 pages.
- Pöstlingberg Church. In: stadtgeschichte.linz.at. Accessed December 30, 2019 .