Pilgrimage Basilica Mariapfarr
The pilgrimage basilica Mariapfarr stands in the middle of the village on gently sloping terrain in the municipality of Mariapfarr in the Lungau district in the state of Salzburg . The Roman Catholic parish and pilgrimage church , consecrated to the patronage of Our Lady of the Assumption , belongs to the Tamsweg deanery in the Archdiocese of Salzburg and bears the title of a minor basilica . The church is a listed building ( list entry ).
As early as 923, the first church in the municipality of Mariapfarr in Althofen was mentioned in a document as "ecclisia ad lungovue" and is considered the mother church of Lungau . In 1217, before his crusade to the Holy Land , Konrad from the von Pfarr family gave his homestead and chapel to the church. The parish church “Our Lady”, which dominates the town today, was initially built around this chapel as a Romanesque building in 12/13. Built in the 15th century and later expanded and rebuilt as a Gothic building in the 15th century. The pilgrimage also goes back to this time and reached its greatest popularity in the 15th century. In 1854 a fire destroyed the church and tower roofs as well as the bells and the music choir with the organ. The most extensive restoration took place by 1858. From 2014 to 2016 the interior of the church was extensively restored and redesigned. A new people's altar was installed, the neo-Gothic high altar was restored to its condition before the renovation in 1947 and the late Gothic altarpieces were extensively restored. The wrought iron grille from 1731 was moved a few meters back, which led to protests from part of the population in advance. Furthermore, barrier-free access to the church interior was created. On April 5, 2018, Pope Francis elevated the pilgrimage church to a minor basilica by decree . The festivities for this took place on August 15, 2018 on Patronage Day ( Assumption Day ) in the presence of Archbishop Franz Lackner , Senior Archbishop Alois Kothgasser and Auxiliary Bishop Hansjörg Hofer .
Originally in the Romanesque style in the 12./13. Church built in the 15th century (today's presbytery ) received its Gothic shape in the 15th century . The church offers around 900 seats in three naves. The frescoes from the 13th and 14th centuries that were uncovered in 1946 are particularly worth mentioning.
Silent Night Holy Night
Joseph Mohr wrote the later lyrics of Silent Night, Holy Night in Mariapfarr in 1816 in the form of a poem. A panel with the adoration of the three wise men is said to have served him as inspiration for the verse Holder Boy in Curly Hair .
The parish, pilgrimage and silent night museums are attached to the church. Many sacred objects are shown, such as the famous silver altar by Pastor Grillinger from 1443.
- The art monuments of Austria. Dehio Salzburg 1986 . Mariapfarr, Parish Church of Our Lady (Assumption of Mary), with floor plan, crypt, cemetery, cemetery chapel, rectory west of the church with connecting passage, pp. 220–223.
- Parish website
- Website basilika-mariapfarr.at - building history, art-historical features, history of the pilgrimage
- www.wallfahrtsmuseum.at ; accessed on September 12, 2018
- Parish and pilgrimage church to Our Lady
- Historical-statistical manual of the Archdiocese of Salzburg, Volume 2
- Regional Austria: Parish fair in Mariapfarr: the Lungau mother church shines in new splendor . In: mein district.at . ( mein district.at [accessed on July 11, 2018]).
- Mariapfarr: dispute over bars in church . January 24, 2012 ( orf.at [accessed July 11, 2018]).
- Parish Mariapfarr - Our parish letter. Retrieved July 11, 2018 .
- Pilgrimage Museum
- Max Dreher on musiklexikon.ac.at
- Renovation of the church in Mariapfarr completed