Plainfield, New Jersey
Location in New Jersey
|State :||United States|
|State :||New Jersey|
|County :||Union County|
|Time zone :||Eastern ( UTC − 5 / −4 )|
|Residents :||47,353 (as of 2006)|
|Population density :||3,035.4 inhabitants per km 2|
|Area :||15.6 km 2 (about 6 mi 2 ) of
which 15.6 km 2 (about 6 mi 2 ) is land
|Height :||29 m|
|Area code :||+1 908|
|GNIS ID :||0885355|
|Mayor :||Mayor Adrian O. Mapp|
The area was settled by Quakers in 1684 , and in 1869 it was merged into a town. Formerly a dormitory city in the New York area , Plainfield has become the center of ten closely-knit communities with diverse industries, including printing, chemicals, clothing, electronics, and automotive suppliers.
Among the various buildings that have survived from the 18th century are a Quaker Meeting House (1788), the Martine House (1717), and the Nathaniel Drake House (1746), known as George Washington's headquarters. Nearby Washington Rock, over the Hudson River, is believed to be the lookout point from which Washington observed British troop movements.
¹ 1980–2000: census results; 2005: Update of the US Census Bureau
According to the United States Census Bureau , the city has a total area of 15.6 km 2 , not including water bodies.
As of the 2000 census, there are 47,829 people, 15,137 households and 10,898 families in the city. The population density is 3,057.4 inhabitants per km 2 . 21.45% of the population are White, 61.78% African American , 0.41% Native American , 0.93% Asian , 0.10% Pacific Islander , 10.78% Other Ethnicity, and 4.55% Mixed Race . 25.16% are Latinos of various origins.
Of the 15,137 households, 35.5% have children under the age of 18. 39.3% of them are married couples living together, 24.5% are single mothers, 28.0% are not families, 21.1% are single households and 7.4% are people over 65. The average household size is 3 , 10, the average family size 3.49.
27.5% are under 18 years old, 10.2% between 18 and 24, 32.6% between 25 and 44, 20.5% between 45 and 64, 9.2% older than 65. The average age is 33 years . The ratio of women to men is 100: 95.7, for people older than 18 the ratio is 100: 92.2.
The median income for a household in the city is $ 46,683 and the median income for a family is $ 50,774. Males have a median income of $ 33,460 versus $ 30,408 for females. The per capita income for the city is $ 19,052. 15.9% of the population and 12.2% of families live below the poverty line, of which 21.3% are children or adolescents younger than 18 years and 12.6% of people are older than 65.
sons and daughters of the town
- George H. Utter (1854–1912), politician
- David Hand (1900–1986), animator, film director and producer
- Irving Penn (1917–2009), photographer
- Bill Evans (1929-1980), jazz pianist
- Nancy Van de Vate (born 1930), composer
- Donald Martino (1931–2005), composer
- Robert U. Ayres (* 1932), physicist
- Milt Campbell (1933-2012), decathlete
- Gary Kuehn (* 1939), graphic artist and sculptor
- Robert Shapiro (* 1942), lawyer
- James Moran (* 1943), astrophysicist
- Dennis Báthory-Kitsz (* 1949), composer
- Traci Wolfe (born 1960), actress
- Mary McCormack (born 1969), actress
- Eric Schwartz (* 1976), composer, pianist and music teacher