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Pruszków coat of arms
Pruszków (Poland)
Basic data
State : Poland
Voivodeship : Mazovia
Powiat : Pruszków
Area : 19.15  km²
Geographic location : 52 ° 10 ′  N , 20 ° 48 ′  E Coordinates: 52 ° 10 ′ 0 ″  N , 20 ° 48 ′ 0 ″  E
Residents : 62,076
(Jun. 30, 2019)
Postal code : 05-800 to 05-804
Telephone code : (+48) 22
License plate : WPR
Economy and Transport
Street : Warsaw - Łódź
Rail route : Warsaw – Łódź
Warsaw – Grodzisk
Next international airport : Warsaw
Gminatype: Borough
Residents: 62,076
(Jun. 30, 2019)
Community number  ( GUS ): 1421021
Administration (as of 2007)
Mayor : Jan Starzyński
ul.Kraszewskiego 14/16 05-803 Pruszków
Website :

Cityscape of Pruszków

Pruszków [ 'pruʃkuf ] is a city in Poland in the Masovian Voivodeship .

Geographical location

The city is only a few kilometers southwest of the Polish capital Warsaw .


The first mention of the settlement Pruszkow dates back to 1456, as Świętosław from the family of Pierzchałów the place from Masowschen Duke Janusz I. received. The oldest part of today's city is the Żbików district . In Żbików there was a Catholic parish of the Poznan diocese as early as 1236.

In 1795 during the Third Partition of Poland , Pruszków became part of Prussia . In 1807 it became part of the newly created Duchy of Warsaw and in 1815 part of Congress Poland . In 1845 the city was connected to the rail network and was thus connected to Warsaw and Vienna . This meant an economic boom for the city. Heavy industry in particular became an important growth factor.

On November 9, 1916, the place received city ​​rights and Żbików was incorporated into the city. After the First World War , the city became part of Poland . When the Second World War broke out , it was occupied by the Wehrmacht and a ghetto was established.

During the Warsaw Uprising in August 1944, transit camp 121 was set up in the city to receive displaced persons from Warsaw. From August 6, 1944 to November 10, 1944, 650,000 people were held here, 550,000 of them from Warsaw. Many of them were sent to concentration camps. The occupation by the Third Reich ended on January 17, 1945 .

From 1975 to 1998 the municipality was part of the Warsaw Voivodeship .

The Sam electric car has been produced in Pruszków since summer 2009 .


The 256 meter high chimney of the former Pruszków II power station, which is now used as a radio tower, can be seen from afar.


In 2008 the Velodrome BGŻ Arena , the only indoor cycling track in Poland, was opened in Pruszków . In the opening year, the European Rail Championships for juniors and U23 athletes were held there, the World Rail Championships in 2009 and the European Elite Rail Championships in 2010 .


The largest group in the area of organized crime was the so-called “Pruszków Mafia ” or “Pruszków Group”, which was the largest of its kind in Poland. The gang had international contacts to other criminal organizations and also in the highest circles of Polish politics, economy and society. The field of activity of the “Pruszków Mafia” mainly comprised drug-related crime , but also car theft , extortion of protection money and robbery . The 2007 Polish television series The Reversed is about the Pruszków Mafia; a similar group also appears in the fifth episode of the first season (title: Familiäres Druckmittel ) of the US series Person of Interest . Documentary, the fifth episode (title: The Pruzkow Mafia ) of the documentary series The Gangster Codex deals with the gang.

Population development

year 19th century 1939 2000 2005
population 1,709 29,000 53,427 54,968

sons and daughters of the town


  • Pruszków , in: Guy Miron (Ed.): The Yad Vashem encyclopedia of the ghettos during the Holocaust . Jerusalem: Yad Vashem, 2009 ISBN 978-965-308-345-5 , pp. 614f.

Web links

Commons : Pruszków  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b population. Size and Structure by Territorial Division. As of June 30, 2019. Główny Urząd Statystyczny (GUS) (PDF files; 0.99 MiB), accessed December 24, 2019 .
  2. Dz.U. 1975 no 17 poz. 92 (Polish) (PDF; 802 kB)
  3. Organized crime - Special Commission North. In: Public Safety , Edition 9/10, 2001 ( PDF ).
  4. Gerhard Gnauck: Largest Mafia Trial in the History of Poland. In: Welt Online , September 19, 2002, accessed March 30, 2018.